Matsuo Basho


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Matsuo Basho:

see BashoBasho
(Matsuo Basho) , 1644–94, Japanese poet, critic, and essayist of the early Edo period. His literary name, Basho, is derived from the plantain trees [basho] near a hut built for him by a disciple. Basho played a central role in the development of haiku.
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Matsuo Basho

 

(pen name; another pen name, Matsuo Munefusa; real name, Jinshichiro). Born 1644 in Ueno, Iga Province; died Oct. 12, 1694, in Osaka. Japanese poet and theoretician of verse.

Basho was the son of a samurai. In 1664 he began to study poetry in Kyoto. In 1672, Basho entered the civil service in Edo (present-day Tokyo); he later became a teacher of poetry. He gained recognition as a poet of the comic renga, or linked verse. Basho was the creator of the genre and aesthetics of haiku. In the 1680’s, following the philosophy of Zen Buddhism, Basho adopted the principle of illumination (satori) as the basis of his creative work.

Basho’s poetic legacy is represented by seven anthologies written by him and his pupils, namely, Winter Days (1684), Spring Days (1686), A Neglected Field (1689), The Bottle Gourd Pumpkin (1690), The Monkey’s Straw Coat (book 1, 1691; book 2, 1698), and A Sack of Coal (1694). He also wrote lyrical diaries in prose and verse (the most famous of these being The Narrow Road to the Deep North), as well as prefaces to books, poems, and letters, which contain his thoughts on art and poetic technique. Basho’s poetry and aesthetics influenced the development of Japanese literature in the Middle Ages and the modern period.

WORKS

Basho bunshu. Tokyo, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Lirika. Translated and with an introductory article by V. N. Markova. Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Grigor’eva T., and V. Logunova. Iaponskaia literatura. Moscow, 1964.
Abe Kimio. Matsuo Basho. Tokyo, 1961.
Hirota Dziro. Basho no geidziutsu. Tokyo, 1968.
Makoto Uoda. Matsuo Basho. New York, 1970.

I. A. BORONINA

References in periodicals archive ?
He concentrated on creating a series of wooden sculptures of historical figures, including haiku poet Matsuo Basho and tea master Sen no Rikyu.
The characteristic literary genres of the Ming dynasty (1368-1628) were drama and the novel, in comparison with which poetry was, for the first time in many centuries, relatively insignificant: Ming poets had yet to learn the lesson the great Japanese master of the haiku, Matsuo Basho (1644-94), was to recommend to his disciples: 'don't look to the Ancients: look for what they were looking for'.
But many will also discover something unexpected but familiar in Leiden -- a Japanese garden, magnificent collections of Japanese artifacts in local museums and a haiku by famous poet and essayist Matsuo Basho (1644-1694), on a wall in an alley.
1) that in his travel writings Matsuo Basho reveals himself to be a participant in the process by which a central cultural regime makes claims on territory--poetic, geographical, and historical.
They were joined by KES headmaster Tim Moore-Bridger and visited the historic towns of Nara and Kyoto along with sites in Ueno linked with the poet Matsuo Basho.
YAMAGATA, Japan, May 26 Kyodo A letter written by poet and essayist Matsuo Basho (1644-1694)
Those could afford it made treks around the country to emulate the great poet Matsuo Basho who produced the classic Oku no hoso-michi ('Narrow Road to the deep North') in 1692.
Matsuo Basho (1644-1694), considered as the father of haiku, Yosa Buson (1716-1783), and Kobayashi Issa are among the most popular haiku masters.
Editor Ingrams is an author and journalist who now lives in Japan, and she has collected pieces from such noted writers as Yukio Mishima, Matsuo Basho, Angela Carter and Jan Morris and arranges them in geographic sections.
Looking back on his stay in Japan, Lee said, ''It was a great success'' as he visited several Japanese prefectures to follow in the footsteps of 17th century haiku poet Matsuo Basho.
They briefly but expertly weave together stories that explore the background of the prayer of Jabez, the De profundis of Psalm 130, the Salat, the Jesus Prayer and the Dhikr used in Islam; of works such as The Cloud of Unknowing, Defoe's Robinson Crusoe and Millet's "Angelus"; and of figures such as Thomas Aquinas, Samuel Johnson, Alcoholics Anonymous' Bill Wilson, Salvador Dali, Sri Ramakrishna, Sri Ramana Maharshi, Matsuo Basho, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Sts.
He also contributed extensively to the field of literary criticism as well as to studies on major Japanese classical literary figures Matsuo Basho, Fujiwara Teika and others.