Matsuo Basho


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Matsuo Basho:

see BashoBasho
(Matsuo Basho) , 1644–94, Japanese poet, critic, and essayist of the early Edo period. His literary name, Basho, is derived from the plantain trees [basho] near a hut built for him by a disciple. Basho played a central role in the development of haiku.
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Matsuo Basho

 

(pen name; another pen name, Matsuo Munefusa; real name, Jinshichiro). Born 1644 in Ueno, Iga Province; died Oct. 12, 1694, in Osaka. Japanese poet and theoretician of verse.

Basho was the son of a samurai. In 1664 he began to study poetry in Kyoto. In 1672, Basho entered the civil service in Edo (present-day Tokyo); he later became a teacher of poetry. He gained recognition as a poet of the comic renga, or linked verse. Basho was the creator of the genre and aesthetics of haiku. In the 1680’s, following the philosophy of Zen Buddhism, Basho adopted the principle of illumination (satori) as the basis of his creative work.

Basho’s poetic legacy is represented by seven anthologies written by him and his pupils, namely, Winter Days (1684), Spring Days (1686), A Neglected Field (1689), The Bottle Gourd Pumpkin (1690), The Monkey’s Straw Coat (book 1, 1691; book 2, 1698), and A Sack of Coal (1694). He also wrote lyrical diaries in prose and verse (the most famous of these being The Narrow Road to the Deep North), as well as prefaces to books, poems, and letters, which contain his thoughts on art and poetic technique. Basho’s poetry and aesthetics influenced the development of Japanese literature in the Middle Ages and the modern period.

WORKS

Basho bunshu. Tokyo, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Lirika. Translated and with an introductory article by V. N. Markova. Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Grigor’eva T., and V. Logunova. Iaponskaia literatura. Moscow, 1964.
Abe Kimio. Matsuo Basho. Tokyo, 1961.
Hirota Dziro. Basho no geidziutsu. Tokyo, 1968.
Makoto Uoda. Matsuo Basho. New York, 1970.

I. A. BORONINA

References in periodicals archive ?
1) Matsuo Basho had many disciples, but the famous ones known under the global name of jittetsu are: Yosa Buson (1716-1783), Kobayashi Issa (1763-1827), Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902) etc.
En Vida, su proyecto de cuatro biografias sobre grandes personajes (que, como sugiere Frederico Barbosa, podria ser entendida como un autorretrato (Dick y Calixto 287)), Leminski escoge a Cruz e Sousa, Jesucristo, Trotski, y al poeta japones Matsuo Basho.
El haiku, que tiene en Matsuo Basho (1644-1694) a su maximo exponente, es, me parece, un genero subestimado entre hispanoparlantes, "un juego", percepcion que se tiene tambien de otras artes orientales relacionadas con la pequenez, el silencio y la intimidad.
Among the figures included are Aeschylus, Isabel Allende, Hans Christian Andersen, Aristotle, Margaret Atwood, Matsuo Basho, the Bronte sisters, Robert Burns, Karel Capek, J.
Arising in the sixteenth century, haiku flourished in the hands of Matsuo Basho (1644-94) and Yosa Buson (1715-83).
This situation was in large part because Matsuo Basho [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1644-94) and his followers, whom the Yahantei poets admired, used this technique to express and reify their identity as the members of a community.
This year's show includes these trademark, popular paintings as well as new abstract works inspired by the Japanese Edo-period poet Matsuo Basho (164494), celebrated for his natural, precise haiku.
His research on frog texts saw him delve deep back to the 17th century Japanese haiku poet Matsuo Basho.
Looking back on his stay in Japan, Lee said, ''It was a great success'' as he visited several Japanese prefectures to follow in the footsteps of 17th century haiku poet Matsuo Basho.
Narrow Road to the Interior and Other Writings: Matsuo Basho, trans.
Los cuatro grandes poetas japoneses del haiku son Matsuo Basho (16441694), Taniguchi Buson (1716-1783), Issa Kobayashi (1762-1826) y Shiki Masaoka (1867-1902).
Y al descubrirlo los poetas lanzaron al unisono un chillido hilarante, secundado por las poses intrepidamente mordaces de los representantes sovieticos, que intentaban expulsar de su silla al maestro del haiku, Matsuo Basho.