Ricci, Matteo

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Ricci, Matteo

(mät-tā`ō rēt`chē), 1552–1610, Italian missionary to China. He entered the Society of Jesus, and in Rome he studied under Clavius. Ricci was sent to the Indies (1578), and he worked at Goa and Cochin until 1582, when he was called to Macao to enter China. In 1583 he and his companion, Father Michele Ruggieri settled in Guangdong prov., studying the language and culture. They found ready acceptance among some officials, for the Chinese took an intense interest in their possessions, such as clocks and Western paintings. The missionaries wrote tracts on Christianity, including a dialogue. Father Ricci's aptitude for languages and his respect for the Chinese classics increased his standing among the officials; by 1589 he had adopted the dress of the literati. In 1595, Father Ricci, now alone, moved to Nanchang, a center of erudition, where he stayed until 1597, when he went to Nanjing. He was twice turned away from Beijing, but in 1601 he was allowed entrance to the capital. There he became a court mathematician and astronomer; he made few converts, but he brought Christianity into good repute. He helped translate many Western works on mathematics and the sciences into Chinese. His maps were eagerly perused by the Chinese, who gained from him their first notion of modern Europe. In return, Ricci sent back to Europe the first modern detailed report on China. He composed a number of treatises, the principal being a catechism, True Doctrine of God, which was widely printed in China.


See H. Bernard, Matteo Ricci's Scientific Contribution to China (1937, repr. 1973); L. J. Gallagher, China in the Sixteenth Century: The Journals of Matteo Ricci (1953); V. Cronin, The Wise Man from the West (1955).

References in periodicals archive ?
The conference, September 24-26, 2010--which is being held to coincide with the 400th anniversary of the death of the Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci (1552-1610)--will outline "a comparative cultural typology of books printed in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries in the context of Christian missions beyond the boundaries of Europe as a means of transmission of faith, knowledge, and culture," according to a symposium announcement.
Readers are provided with rich materials about Matteo Ricci, as well as original Chinese sources about the Jesuit missions and their literary production (e.
The "South Cathedral," formally the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, stands on the site of a chapel built in 1605 by the Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci.
30) investigates how Matteo Ricci and later Jesuits used clocks as a method to propagate the faith.
It looks like the lessons learned from the Matteo Ricci affair, where Rome forbade ancestral veneration among Christians, will serve as cues for this interreligious engagement.
By the time Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci arrived in China in the 1580s, however, Confucianism had become an impersonal monism.
Most authors will be familiar: Ignatius Loyola, Francis Xavier, Matteo Ricci, Robert Bellarmine, Claudio Acquaviva, as well as the long-serving secretary, Juan Polanco.
They include conquest (characteristic of the early mission to the Kingdom of Siam), the accommodation model of Matteo Ricci in sixteenth-century China, and the kenotic model as lived out with great courage by Korean Confucian scholars who embraced the heart of the Christian message while fully engaging "in a transforming intercommunication with their own culture and people" (p.
While giving their due to the likes of Francis of Assisi, Francis Xavier, Matteo Ricci, Robert de Nobili, and Mother Teresa (184-89, 353), the authors underscore the anonymous contributions of many women religious and laity (255).
For the moment, however, one can take heart that the life and work of Matteo Ricci, after four centuries, continues to be celebrated in both Rome and Beijing.
Famous for his accommodative mission strategy, the Italian Jesuit Matteo Ricci made a provocative attempt to identify the Christian God with the Confucian Shangti (the Lord on High) on the ground of the alleged monotheism in classical Confucianism.
includes Alexandre de Rhodes, a giant in the league of Matteo Ricci and Roberto di Nobili, yet hitherto ignored by historians.