Ricci, Matteo

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Ricci, Matteo

(mät-tā`ō rēt`chē), 1552–1610, Italian missionary to China. He entered the Society of Jesus, and in Rome he studied under Clavius. Ricci was sent to the Indies (1578), and he worked at Goa and Cochin until 1582, when he was called to Macao to enter China. In 1583 he and his companion, Father Michele Ruggieri settled in Guangdong prov., studying the language and culture. They found ready acceptance among some officials, for the Chinese took an intense interest in their possessions, such as clocks and Western paintings. The missionaries wrote tracts on Christianity, including a dialogue. Father Ricci's aptitude for languages and his respect for the Chinese classics increased his standing among the officials; by 1589 he had adopted the dress of the literati. In 1595, Father Ricci, now alone, moved to Nanchang, a center of erudition, where he stayed until 1597, when he went to Nanjing. He was twice turned away from Beijing, but in 1601 he was allowed entrance to the capital. There he became a court mathematician and astronomer; he made few converts, but he brought Christianity into good repute. He helped translate many Western works on mathematics and the sciences into Chinese. His maps were eagerly perused by the Chinese, who gained from him their first notion of modern Europe. In return, Ricci sent back to Europe the first modern detailed report on China. He composed a number of treatises, the principal being a catechism, True Doctrine of God, which was widely printed in China.

Bibliography

See H. Bernard, Matteo Ricci's Scientific Contribution to China (1937, repr. 1973); L. J. Gallagher, China in the Sixteenth Century: The Journals of Matteo Ricci (1953); V. Cronin, The Wise Man from the West (1955).

References in periodicals archive ?
Matteo Ricci (1552-1610), considerado el fundador de la mision china y uno de los mas famosos misioneros en Asia Oriental, estudio las obras clasicas chinas, en particular las concepciones filosoficas y teologicas subyacentes en ellas.
Confronted by a superior nation, Matteo Ricci led the Jesuits in forging a mission policy of accommodation.
When Italian Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci came in the late 16th century, he dressed as a Confucian scholar and impressed officials with his scientific knowledge.
Matteo Ricci and the Catholic Mission to China, 1583-1610: A Short History With Documents
It was put into practice by Matteo Ricci in China and Robert di Nobili in India, among others.
Marenbon presenta a Matteo Ricci (1552-1610), misionero jesuita de origen italiano, figura pionera en el acercamiento a la cultura china.
Whereas Leibniz is intrigued by Matteo Ricci (1552-1610), an early explorer who dialogues with Chinese scholars on science, philosophy, and theology, Vico is intrigued by a religious associate, Father Matteo Ripa (1692-1746) who resides at the court of Kangxi (1654-1722), Manzhou Emperor of China's Qing Dynasty (1644-1912).
The book's seven chapters, focusing on individuals, add considerable detail to our understanding of Western missionary experience in seventeenth-century China and provide a refreshing encounter with Jesuits other than Matteo Ricci.
Wright Doyle, one of its first reviewers, was perfectly right when he wrote, "It will now be required reading for anyone seeking to understand why Chinese intellectuals have accepted, rejected, or modified the Christian message since the time of Matteo Ricci.
In planning a trip to China in 1601, Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci gathered gifts including a clavichord.
Hyun-Ah Kim, in the second chapter, shows how the Jesuit missionary Matteo Ricci transcended cultural differences while in China.
When I arrived in Taiwan 20 years ago to start a Claretian mission, I didn't know much about Matteo Ricci.