Matthias Corvinus


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Matthias Corvinus

(kôrvī`nəs), 1443?–1490, king of Hungary (1458–90) and Bohemia (1478–90), second son of John HunyadiHunyadi, John
, Hung. Hunyadi János, c.1385–1456, Hungarian national hero, leader of the resistance against the Ottomans. He was chosen (1441) voivode [governor] of Transylvania under King Uladislaus I (Ladislaus III of Poland) and won numerous victories over
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. He was elected king of Hungary on the death of Ladislaus VLadislaus V
or Ladislaus Posthumus,
1440–57, king of Hungary (1444–57) and, as Ladislaus I, king of Bohemia (1453–57). Ladislaus, duke of Austria by birth as the posthumous son of Albert of Hapsburg, duke of Austria and German king (see Albert II),
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. Holy Roman Emperor Frederick IIIFrederick III,
1415–93, Holy Roman emperor (1452–93) and German king (1440–93). With his brother Albert VI he inherited the duchies of Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola.
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 sought to contest the election but recognized him in 1462. Matthias won a reputation as a crusader against the Ottomans. He was persuaded by Pope Pius IIPius II
, 1405–64, pope (1458–64), an Italian named Enea Silvio de' Piccolomini (often in Latin, Aeneas Silvius), renamed Pienza after him, b. Corsigniano; successor of Calixtus III.
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 to take up arms against George of PodebradGeorge of Podebrad
, 1420–71, king of Bohemia (1458–71). A Bohemian nobleman, he became leader of the Utraquists, or the moderate Hussites, in the wars between Hussites and Catholics.
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, king of Bohemia. Having conquered Moravia, Silesia, and Lusatia, Matthias had himself crowned (1469) king of Bohemia, but was not recognized by the Bohemian diet. The war continued after the accession of Ladislaus II as king of Bohemia. In 1478 peace was made: both Ladislaus and Matthias were to keep the title king of Bohemia; Matthias was to retain his conquests, which were, however, to revert to Bohemia after his death. After fighting two wars (1477, 1479) against Frederick III, Matthias began (1482) a third campaign. He took Vienna (1485) and conquered Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola, but his conquests were lost again after his death. His military success was largely due to the establishment of a standing army. During his rule Hungary reached its last flowering before its fall to the Ottoman Empire. He respected the national institutions but was harsh in his fiscal policy and in his administration of justice. A true Renaissance ruler, he protected learning and science. His library at Buda, the Corvina, was one of the finest in Europe. He was succeeded in Hungary by Ladislaus II of Bohemia, who ruled as Uladislaus IIUladislaus II
, Hung. Ulászló II, c.1456–1516, king of Hungary (1490–1516) and, as Ladislaus II, king of Bohemia (1471–1516); son of Casimir IV of Poland.
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 of Hungary.

Corvinus, Matthias:

see Matthias CorvinusMatthias Corvinus
, 1443?–1490, king of Hungary (1458–90) and Bohemia (1478–90), second son of John Hunyadi. He was elected king of Hungary on the death of Ladislaus V. Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III sought to contest the election but recognized him in 1462.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Visitors can see larger-than-life renditions of the first Hungarian King, Saint Stephen (1000-1038), Louis the Great (1342-1382), Sigismund of Luxembourg (1387-1437) and Matthias Corvinus (1458-1490) among others.
The first royal castle in this area was built in the 13th Century, with the city gaining importance over the next 200 years, when King Matthias Corvinus married Beatrix of Naples in 1476.
He was made the vaivode of Transylvania in 1440, attaining in 1446 the regency of Hungary during the minority of King Ladislaus Posthumus, and was himself the father of the future King Matthias Corvinus.
The plot is half-successful, resulting in the execution of the elder (29) while the younger goes on to succeed Ladislaus as the famous King Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.
In the fifteenth century, the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus persuaded his reluctant nobles to accept higher taxes, with which he built a professional military that beat back the invading Ottomans.
For example the Lilly Library is at Indiana University, not the University of Indiana; Johannes Trithemius's De Scriptoribus Eccleisasticis (1494) is better known today as the first printed bibliography than for its contributions to history; and it is worth noting that the name of the Corvinus Press derives from the name of the great Hungarian book collector, Matthias Corvinus.
times entertained the possibility that Josquin served Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary.
His influential clients included Pope Sixtus IV, Cardinals Giovanni d'Aragona and Francesco Gonzaga, Matthias Corvinus and Lorenzo de' Medici.
The first essay, by Valery Rees, focuses on Marsilio Ficino's correspondence with Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary and a patron of Renaissance culture.
Csapodi and K Csapodi-Gardonyi, Bibliotheca Corviniana, (Budapest 1969, reprinted in 1981), R Feuer-Toth, Art and Humanism in Hungary in the Age of Matthias Corvinus, (Budapest, 1990).
48) Chastel's somewhat lyrical language effectively conveys the feverish exaltation in which the De vita was written, since we learn from the preface dedicated to Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary, that it was completed on 10 July 1489.
On the other hand, Tibor Klaniczay has no doubt that the Renaissance served to lay 1the foundations of Hungary national culture', nor that its motive force in |Hungary' sprang from the brilliant reign of Matthias Corvinus.