Mátyás Rákosi

(redirected from Matyas Rakosi)

Rákosi, Mátyás

 

Born Mar. 9, 1892; died Feb. 5, 1971. Hungarian political figure.

During the period of the Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919), Rákosi was deputy people’s commissar of trade and people’s commissar of social production. He was a member of the Communist International from 1921 to 1924 and helped reestablish organizations of the Communist Party of Hungary. In September 1925 he was arrested and sentenced to a long prison term. He was released in October 1940.

After Hungary’s liberation from fascism (1945), Rákosi held several high posts in the Communist Party and the Hungarian government. While serving in these posts, he committed errors in socialist construction, unjustifiably increasing plan assignments and violating Leninist norms of party life and socialist legality. In July 1956, the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers’ Party removed Rákosi from his post as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers’ Party and from the Central Committee’s Politburo. In August 1962 the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party expelled Rákosi from the party.

References in periodicals archive ?
12) Fue motivo de regocijo entre los hungaros el fallecimiento, el 5 de febrero en su exilio sovietico, de Matyas Rakosi (1892-1971), el odiado secretario general del Partido Comunista Hungaro entre 1945 y 1956, que presumia de ser "el mejor discipulo hungaro de Stalin", aplicador de la "tactica del salami": eliminar la oposicion por rebanadas.
Salami tactics: In the middle of the 20th century, Hungary's ruling Communist Party was led by Matyas Rakosi.
To that end, the Hungarian communist leader, Matyas Rakosi, employed "salami tactics"--one slice at a time.
Matyas Rakosi would surpass all other party chiefs in the Soviet bloc for his subservience to Moscow.
Using sources discovered during years of archival research, Palasik describes in great detail how the Communist Party under its very intelligent yet manipulative leader, Matyas Rakosi, undermined the positionw of the Smallholders Party by cynically as-sociating it with a small, right-wing conspiracy, seemingly aimed at overthrowing the new republic.
Crampton, the historian of the postwar Balkans, describes him as 'the only intellectual among the Communist leaders of Eastern Europe', with the possible exception of Matyas Rakosi of Hungary.
Matyas Rakosi had subjected Hungary to an irrational massive program of rapid industrialization, whose economic effects were felt in full at the social level.
Some citizens' initial enthusiasm about "building the socialist dream" post-WWII soured within the paranoid, abusive atmosphere wrought by Stalin and Hungarian Prime Minister Matyas Rakosi.
With Soviet support, Moscow-trained Matyas Rakosi began to establish a communist dictatorship.
In June 1953, long before his famous speech denouncing Stalin's crimes to the Twentieth Party Congress, Khrushchev had already pressured Hungary's Stalinist dictator Matyas Rakosi into yielding leadership to the reform-communist Imre Nagy.
La primera etapa en el gobierno de Imre Nagy (figura destacada y atipica del movimiento comunista hungaro, claramente comprometido con las reformas dentro del sistema del socialismo real) y sus objetivos primordiales que provocan la reaccion correspondiente de los comunistas ortodoxos y conducen a la crisis politica de los anos 1954-1955, el fracaso en las expectativas del sector comunista hungaro mas renovador a causa de las lineas de gobierno mantenidas por Matyas Rakosi v.
For example, a Hungarian immigrant to Canada might be listed as Hungarian because he fought with other Hungarians in the Rakosi Battalion, named after the Hungarian Communist Matyas Rakosi.