Mátyás Rákosi

(redirected from Matyas Rakosi)

Rákosi, Mátyás

 

Born Mar. 9, 1892; died Feb. 5, 1971. Hungarian political figure.

During the period of the Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919), Rákosi was deputy people’s commissar of trade and people’s commissar of social production. He was a member of the Communist International from 1921 to 1924 and helped reestablish organizations of the Communist Party of Hungary. In September 1925 he was arrested and sentenced to a long prison term. He was released in October 1940.

After Hungary’s liberation from fascism (1945), Rákosi held several high posts in the Communist Party and the Hungarian government. While serving in these posts, he committed errors in socialist construction, unjustifiably increasing plan assignments and violating Leninist norms of party life and socialist legality. In July 1956, the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers’ Party removed Rákosi from his post as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers’ Party and from the Central Committee’s Politburo. In August 1962 the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party expelled Rákosi from the party.

References in periodicals archive ?
Salami tactics: In the middle of the 20th century, Hungary's ruling Communist Party was led by Matyas Rakosi.
To that end, the Hungarian communist leader, Matyas Rakosi, employed "salami tactics"--one slice at a time.
Using sources discovered during years of archival research, Palasik describes in great detail how the Communist Party under its very intelligent yet manipulative leader, Matyas Rakosi, undermined the positionw of the Smallholders Party by cynically as-sociating it with a small, right-wing conspiracy, seemingly aimed at overthrowing the new republic.
Matyas Rakosi had subjected Hungary to an irrational massive program of rapid industrialization, whose economic effects were felt in full at the social level.
With Soviet support, Moscow-trained Matyas Rakosi began to establish a communist dictatorship.
In June 1953, long before his famous speech denouncing Stalin's crimes to the Twentieth Party Congress, Khrushchev had already pressured Hungary's Stalinist dictator Matyas Rakosi into yielding leadership to the reform-communist Imre Nagy.
For example, a Hungarian immigrant to Canada might be listed as Hungarian because he fought with other Hungarians in the Rakosi Battalion, named after the Hungarian Communist Matyas Rakosi.
One cannot imagine, for example, a book on the Hungarian leader, Matyas Rakosi, with a subtitle "The Rise and Fall of a Jewish Communist" unless it had been written by an anti-Communist antisemite.
Men like Matyas Rakosi, the general secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party, had serious doubts about the desirability of reforms, especially as they seemed to be already taking place across the border in Tito's Yugoslavia.
They do not stay long at this reception, where famous artists hobnob with communist politicians, including a friendly Matyas Rakosi, but take a trolley bus to the Journalists Club to meet more relaxed and, on the whole, oppositionist fellow artists and journalists.
Even Janos Kadar, whom Moscow installed to replace Nagy, insisted upon Nagy's execution, but over time Kadar dismantled the terror regime and permitted greater liberty--in part no doubt because he had suffered at the hands of Matyas Rakosi, Stalin's "best pupil.