Maulana Abul Kalam Azad


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Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam

 

Born Sept. 11, 1888; died Feb. 22, 1958. Indian political figure and scholar. One of the leaders of the national liberation movement; a consistent advocate of unity between Hindus and Muslims. Descended from an old family of Delhi Muslim ulamas.

From 1912, Azad was a member of the Indian National Congress Party. During 1912–14 he published in Urdu the newspaper Al-Hilal (Fortnight), an organ of anti-English propaganda for the most radical segment of the Muslim bourgeois intelligentsia. Azad was one of the leaders of the campaigns of civil disobedience in 1919–22 and 1930. He headed Indian delegations in conducting negotiations with England in 1942, 1945, and 1946. He was the author of commentaries on the Koran and works on the philosophy and history of Urdu literature. In August 1947 he became minister of education in independent India.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Indiia dobivaetsia svobody. Moscow, 1961.

REFERENCE

Desai Mahadev. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. London, 1941.

L. R. POLONSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
The publication brought out by the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Kolkata, underlines the fact that strengthening of human security in Afghanistan will help in providing security to the country, which is presently engaged in changing the government through a democratic process.
Incidentally, my grandfather and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad -- whose grand-niece is currently a senior BJP functionary -- were in the same cell of Presidency Jail in Calcutta.
Writing in his blog on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversaries of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Acharya J B Kripalani, Modi said: "It is with deep anguish that I see how some of our friends have reduced stalwarts of the freedom struggle to mere partisan political leaders.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, in his biography of Sarmad, quotes a pro-Aurangzeb historian Sher Khan Lodhi, the author of Mirath-ul-Khayal, "Sultan Dara Shikoh had an affinity for mad people so he became friends with Sarmad.
Rajagopalachari with taking the nationalist message to south India; Maulana Abul Kalam Azad with taking this message to Muslims.
Outside the hall were the tall statues of Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
Ambedkar, Neeraj Kabi as Mahatma Gandhi, Dalip Tahil as Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Utkarsh Majumdar as Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Rajendra Gupta as Rajendra Prasad, Tom Alter as Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Rajeshwari as Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Narendra Jha as Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Divya Dutta as Shrimati Purnima Benerji and Ila Arun as Hansa Mehta, among others.
Shri K Rahman Khan,the Union Minister of Minority Affairs launched a National Portal on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad here today to mark the 125th birth anniversary of the great national leader.
Speaking on the occasion, Mukherjee said this day is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of India's first Education Minister, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, whom he described as a great visionary, freedom fighter, scholar and eminent educationist.
In a federal Indian polity, these Muslim pockets would enjoy almost complete autonomy but, as Maulana Abul Kalam Azad put it, they neither achieved an Islamic homeland nor equal citizenship in the country of their birth.
As a result of switchover to current year format, two universities were selected for Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy (MAKA).