Mauna Loa


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Mauna Loa

(mou`nə lō`ə), mountain, 13,680 ft (4,170 m) high, in the south central part of the island of Hawaii, in Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkHawaii Volcanoes National Park,
209,695 acres (84,926 hectares), on Hawaii island, Hawaii; est. 1916. The park contains two of the most active volcanoes in the world—Kilauea with its fire pit, called Halemaumau, and Mauna Loa with the active Mokuaweoweo crater on its
..... Click the link for more information.
. Its many craters include Kilauea and Mokuaweoweo, two of the world's largest active craters. Mauna Loa has erupted three times (1942, 1949, 1975) since its period of greatest activity in 1881. Its lava flows have reached the sea.

Mauna Loa

 

(Hawaiian literally “long mountain”), an active shield volcano on the island of Hawaii. Elevation, 4,170 m. If the elevation of its underwater foundation, which lies at a depth of about 4,500 m, is taken into account, it is the earth’s highest volcano and largest in volume. Mauna Loa is composed of basalts. It has gentle slopes and a crater measuring about 6.5 km in circumference. Eruptions are frequent, with the last powerful one occurring in 1950. During eruptions a lava lake appears in the crater and lava flows pour out onto the slopes through cracks. The windward northern and northeastern slopes are covered by greatly diminished tropical rain forests. The leeward slopes are covered by sparse forests and savannas. There are plantations of pineapples, bananas, sugar-cane, and coffee trees on the volcano. It is the site of the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, where tropical flora is preserved. A volcanologic station is situated on Mauna Loa.

Mauna Loa

an active volcano in Hawaii, on S central Hawaii Island. Height: 4171 m (13 684 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Years of grazing and logging activities left the Mauna Loa reintroduction site for the first release with a thin, open understory that exposed 'alala to predation by 'io.
But despite the wonderment and individual uniqueness of each island, the eyes of this meteorologist were captivated by Mauna Loa.
Hawaiian Host will continue to emphasize its chocolate macadamia products, while Mauna Loa will focus on its many flavor variations of macadamia nuts.
Since the late 1950s, scientists at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii have measured carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere.
It marks an important milestone because Mauna Loa, as the oldest continuous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement station in the world, is the primary global benchmark site for monitoring the increase of this potent heat-trapping gas," NOAA said.
The active magma for Mauna Loa comes from the Hawaiian hotspot, but the plate carrying the massive volcano is slowly carrying it away from the hotspot, and it will go extinct in the next 500,000 to one million years.
If you are fit and experienced with high-altitude climbing, hike the three- or four-day, 40-mile (round-trip) ascent to the summit of Mauna Loa.
Figures collected by the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii suggest that levels are now 387 parts per million (ppm)--the highest they've been for 650,000 years.
Unlike Kilauea [kee-low-AY-ah) and Mauna Loa, the Big Island's fiery volcanoes, Mauna Kea remains dormant {inactive}.
The biggest volcano in the world is Mauna Loa, Hawaii
There is a lot to like about Hawaii's Kona Coast, which enjoys this friendly climate because it shelters in the lee of the Mauna Loa and Hualalai volcanos on the west side of the Big Island.
Once common in the cloud forests of Mauna Loa, the Hawaiian raven--believed to guide the dead to the afterlife--was near extinction.