Mauna Loa

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Mauna Loa

(mou`nə lō`ə), mountain, 13,680 ft (4,170 m) high, in the south central part of the island of Hawaii, in Hawaii Volcanoes National ParkHawaii Volcanoes National Park,
209,695 acres (84,926 hectares), on Hawaii island, Hawaii; est. 1916. The park contains two of the most active volcanoes in the world—Kilauea with its fire pit, called Halemaumau, and Mauna Loa with the active Mokuaweoweo crater on its
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. Its many craters include Kilauea and Mokuaweoweo, two of the world's largest active craters. Mauna Loa has erupted three times (1942, 1949, 1975) since its period of greatest activity in 1881. Its lava flows have reached the sea.

Mauna Loa

 

(Hawaiian literally “long mountain”), an active shield volcano on the island of Hawaii. Elevation, 4,170 m. If the elevation of its underwater foundation, which lies at a depth of about 4,500 m, is taken into account, it is the earth’s highest volcano and largest in volume. Mauna Loa is composed of basalts. It has gentle slopes and a crater measuring about 6.5 km in circumference. Eruptions are frequent, with the last powerful one occurring in 1950. During eruptions a lava lake appears in the crater and lava flows pour out onto the slopes through cracks. The windward northern and northeastern slopes are covered by greatly diminished tropical rain forests. The leeward slopes are covered by sparse forests and savannas. There are plantations of pineapples, bananas, sugar-cane, and coffee trees on the volcano. It is the site of the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, where tropical flora is preserved. A volcanologic station is situated on Mauna Loa.

Mauna Loa

an active volcano in Hawaii, on S central Hawaii Island. Height: 4171 m (13 684 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
About Waiakea Hawaiian Volcanic Water Originating as both snowmelt and rain on the Big Island's Mauna Loa volcano, Waiakea Hawaiian Volcanic Water is filtered through thousands of feet of porous volcanic rock, producing one of the most delicious alkaline and electrolyte-rich natural waters in the world.
Grown on 10,000 acres of orchards on the fertile slopes of the Mauna Loa volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii, Mauna Loa Macadamia Nuts are renowned both for their delicious taste and low-carbohydrate, high-nutritional benefits.
The new HVO building, perched onKilauea's rim, is equipped with an elevated tower from which both Kilauea and the neighboring Mauna Loa volcano can be observed.
Before the last Ice Age a chunk of rock 10 times the size of the Isle of Wight fell off the flank of the Mauna Loa volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii, forming tsunamis that raged 320 metres up the sides of neighbouring islands and even pounded New South Wales, 7,000km away.
Headquartered in Hilo, Hawaii, the company has 10,000 acres in orchards on the slopes of Mauna Loa volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii and on the island of Maui.
In particular, he suspects that a marked change about 200 years ago in the concentration of titanium and other elements in lavas from Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii was caused by a magnitude 7.