Maurice Barrès

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Barrès, Maurice

 

Born Aug. 19, 1862, in Charmes, Vosges; died Dec. 4,1923, Neuilly-sur-Seine. French writer. Member of the Académie Française beginning in 1906.

Barrès’ novels In the Eyes of the Barbarians (1888), A Free Man (1889), and Berenice’s Garden (1891), which make up the trilogy The Cult of Myself, as well as the decadent book On Blood, Passion, and Death (1894), are characterized by mystical self-analysis and also by chauvinism. The comedy A Day in Parliament (1894; Russian translation, The Seamy Side, 1895) ridicules parliamentary government. The book The Enemy of the Laws (1893) contains a reactionary critique of socialism. The trilogy The Novel of National Energy, which consists of the novels The Uprooted (1897), The Call to Arms (1900), and Their Faces (1902), propounds racist ideas. The novel The Inspired Hill (1913) is pervaded by apologias for Catholicism. Barres was well known for his sarcastic attitude toward the Third Republic; however, all his accusations had a distinctly antidemocratic quality.

WORKS

Mes Cahiers, vols. 1–14. Paris, 1929–51.

REFERENCES

Rykova, N. Sovremennaia frantsuzskaia literatura. Leningrad, 1939.
Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Aragon, L. “Barres v nashi dni.” Sobr. soch., vol. 10. Moscow, 1961.
Lalou, R. Maurice Barrés. Paris, 1950.
Domenach, J.-M. Barres par lui-même. Paris, 1954.
Zarach, A. Bibliographie barrésienne, 1881–1948. Paris, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
This consultation on the restructuring of college Maurice Barres Charmes.
He begins with an analysis of the public conflict between Emile Zola and Maurice Barres over the Dreyfus Affair.
AL comentar lo dicho por Maurice Barres (1862-1923) a proposito de Venecia, Ruben Dario (1867-1916) afirma que si Venecia muere no es por el efecto desgastador de los siglos, sino por las constantes profanaciones de los literatos que buscan en ella la decoracion adecuada para sus novelas (Obras completas, 964).
The story goes that Saunders Lewis was in the trenches in Belgium in 1916 when he was introduced to the writing of the French author Maurice Barres.
EVEN while leading a Socialist Party born of the struggle against clericalism and the old right, Francois Mitterrand quietly relished his conservative Catholic background, like that maitre of nostalgic literature about la terre et ses morts, Maurice Barres, and those favourite authors of his youth, Drieu la Rochelle and Henri de Montherlant.
9) Zeev Sternhell, Maurice Barres et le nationalisme francais (Paris, 1972); La droite revolutionnaire, 1885-1914: les origines francais du fascisme (Paris, 1978); Neither Right nor Left: Fascist Ideology in France (Paris, 1983; Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1986); The Birth of Fascist Ideology: From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution (Paris, 1989; Princeton, 1994), esp.
The one book that James admired by Maurice Barres was Du Sang, de la Volupte et de la Mort, a collection of Spanish travel essays.