Maurice Duverger


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Duverger, Maurice

 

Born June 5, 1917, in Angoulême, department of Charente. French scholar and political scientist; professor of political sociology at the University of Paris (1955) and political columnist for Le Monde and Nouvel Observateur. He graduated from the faculty of law at Bordeaux. Known for his work in political science.

Duverger’s works represent a departure from the juridical method of studying the political organization of society and call for a sociological approach to political institutions and processes. His work is chiefly directed toward investigating the sociology of political parties and political regimes, constructing a general theory of politics, and analyzing the methods of political science. Although his views on the nature of political power, the state, and democracy contain a number of interesting theses, they do not on the whole extend beyond the traditional bounds of bourgeois scholarship and are eclectic and inconsistent. With regard to the period of industrial capitalism, for example, Duverger acknowledges the correctness of the Marxist description of the bourgeois state; however, he regards the contemporary bourgeois state as a pluralistic democracy. Duverger may be regarded as a bourgeois scholar of liberal views; he is opposed to the remilitarization of West Germany, colonial wars, and neofascism.

WORKS

Les Constitutions de la France. Paris, 1943. Seventh edition; Paris, 1961.
Les Partis politiques. Paris, 1951. Fifth edition; Paris, 1964.
Démain, la République. … Paris [1958].
Les Méthodes de la science politique. Paris, 1959.
De la Dictature. Paris [1961].
La Sixième République et le régime présidentiel. Paris [1961].
Introduction à la politique. [Paris, 1964.]
Les Méthodes des sciences sociales, 3rd ed. Paris, 1964.
La Sociologie politique. Paris, 1966. Third edition; Paris, 1968.
La Democratic sans le peuple. Paris, 1967.

V. N. DANILENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
J'ai appris avec beaucoup de tristesse le deces du politologue et Professeur de droit et de sciences politiques, Maurice Duverger, specialiste du droit constitutionnel, dans la nuit du mardi 16 au mercredi 17 decembre 2014, a l'age de 97 ans.
Professeur aux facultes de droit de Poitiers (1942-43), puis de Bordeaux (1943-45) etancien professeur emerite a la Sorbonne; ou il etait l'un des fondateurs du "Departement de science politique de la Sorbonne et du departement de sciences politiques a Paris 1, Maurice DUVERGER etait surtout connu au Maroc pour avoir contribue a L'evolution du droit constitutionnel marocain depuis l'independance en contribuant avec d'autres juristes Francais, tels: Jacques Robert et Georges Vedel a la redaction de la premiere constitution marocaine en 1962.
As such, the practical evolution of the premier-presidential semi-presidentialisms, and therefore of the system of Romania--particularly his capacity to maintain the standards of democratic functioning, if not to facilitate the democratic consolidation--it is necessary to be done through non-constitutional factors through what Maurice Duverger called, within its analytical model, endogenous features--(c) the composition of the parliamentary majority, and (d) the President's position relative to this majority (Duverger, 1980: 166, 177) [the exogenous characteristics being are (a) the actual content of the Constitution and (b) the combination of tradition and circumstances].
Melanges en hommage a Maurice Duverger, Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
As noted by Maurice Duverger, "the nature of a political party is the most important variable impacting the number of female candidates, with two kinds of parties seeming to exercise the strongest attraction: parties of the Left (socialist and communist), on the one hand, and Christian parties on the other.
Maurice Duverger, La participation des femmes a la vie politique, UNESCO, Paris, 1955, p.
Maurice Duverger popularized this trend with his invention of "semi-presidential" government.
Maurice Duverger, Political Parties: Their Organization and Activity in the Modern State, trans.
Professeur aux facultes de droit de Poitiers (1942-43), puis de Bordeaux (1943-45) etancien professeur emerite a la Sorbonne; ou il etait l'un des fondateurs du departement de sciences politiques a Paris 1, Maurice DUVERGER etait surtout connu au Maroc pour avoir contribue a L'evolution du droit constitutionnel marocain depuis l'independance en contribuant avec d'autres juristes Francais, tels: Jacques Robert et Georges Vedel a la redaction de la premiere constitution marocaine en 1962.