Maurice Merleau-Ponty


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Merleau-Ponty, Maurice

 

Born Mar. 14, 1908, in Rochefort-sur-Mer; died May 4, 1961, in Paris. French idealist philosopher of the phenomenological school; some of MerleauPonty’s views had much in common with existentialism.

Merleau-Ponty studied philosophy at the Ecole Normale Superieure, where he worked closely with J.-P. Sartre (breaking with him in 1953) and with J. Hippolyte. He was also influenced by Gestalt psychology. In 1945, Merleau-Ponty became a professor at the University of Lyon and later at the Sorbonne (1949) and at the College de France (1952).

While working on the unpublished writings of E. Husserl, the founder of phenomenology, Merleau-Ponty arrived at a broader interpretation of intentionality as a characteristic not only of consciousness but of man’s whole relation to the world. Accordingly, he introduced the concept of preconscious (bodily) existence, which is sentient, because it is open to the world and not shut up in itself as a thing is. All of man’s being is the realization and revelation of his existence, which is accomplished by the infinite dialogue of the subject with the world. The subject and the world are the two poles of a single phenomenal field, in which the subject is always situationally bound and therefore can never be completely revealed and known.

In some of his works, Merleau-Ponty was critical of communism and attacked dialectical materialism.

WORKS

Phénoménologie de la perception. Paris, 1945.
Humanisme et terreur: Essai sur le problème communiste. Paris, 1947.
Sens et nonsens. Paris, 1948.
Les Aventures de la dialectique, 16th ed. Paris, 1955.
Signes. Paris, 1960.
Eloge de la philosophic et autres essais. Paris, 1965.
La Structure du comportement, 6th ed. Paris, 1967.
La Prose du monde. Paris, 1969.
Le Visible et /’invisible. Paris, 1971.

REFERENCES

Korolev, E. E. “Zlokliucheniia antimarksizma.” Voprosy filosofii, no. 4, 1956.
Kuznetsov, V. N. Frantsuzskaia burzhuaznaia filosofiia 20 v. Moscow, 1970. Pages 285–94.
De Waelhens, P. A. Une Philosophic de rambigui’te, 3rd ed. Paris, 1968.
Les Temps modernes, 1961, vol. 17, nos. 184–85.
Kwant, R. C. The Phenomenological Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty. Pittsburgh, 1963.
Kwant, R. C. From Phenomenology to Metaphysics. Pittsburgh, 1966.
Langan, T. Merleau-Ponty !$• Critique of Reason. New Haven-London, 1966.

A. A. PUZYREI

References in periodicals archive ?
Por un lado, la mirada haptica atestigua el entrelace quiasmatico del sujeto con el ser por medio del lenguaje, segun los postulados de la fenomenologia de Maurice Merleau-Ponty (2).
Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception (New York: Humanities Press, 1962).
Fanon's deployment of the notion of the body schema follows thinkers such as Maurice Merleau-Ponty (2012) and Paul Schilder (1950) in theorizing perception as a process of mutual envelopment of inner and outer space, whereby sensations and movements reciprocally express each other, producing a felt sense of inner (bodily) space as a relation to particular situations.
Through the theories of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Gilles Deleuze, Vaughan compares the films of Jean-Luc Godard, which assess the audio visual illusion of empirical observation or objectivity, with the films of Alain Resnais, in which the sound-image creates inventive depictions of individual experience or subjectivity.
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (14 March 1908-3 May 1961) was a French phenomenological philosopher, strongly influenced by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger.
This alternative view should be taken as a criticism towards the dominant ways in which the body is dealt with in current educational research, and especially the body-centred approach that originated in the work of the French phenomenologist philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty, whose work counts as a point of reference one cannot bypass (cf.
The lens is discussed historically in the introduction suggesting the key phenomenologist theorists he utilizes: Gilles Deleuze, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty (6).
Looking down from 10, 20, 30,000 feet I thought about something from the French philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty which I needed to look up once I got home.
Here Marratto addresses the relationship between conscious experience and the body by taking up the work of the phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty.
O filosofo Maurice Merleau-Ponty enfatiza a preocupacao com o ser humano como corpo sujeito, pois a vida concreta e sempre encarnada e nao ha pensamento que nao conte com a experiencia sensivel.