Maurice Ravel


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Ravel, Maurice

(mōrēs` rävĕl`), 1875–1937, French composer, b. in the Pyrenees. He entered the Paris Conservatory in 1889, where he was later a student of Fauré. Ravel became a leading exponent of impressionismimpressionism,
in music, a French movement in the late 19th and early 20th cent. It was begun by Debussy in reaction to the dramatic and dynamic emotionalism of romantic music, especially that of Wagner.
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. Along with Debussy, with whom he had an affinity of style, he led French music away from Wagnerian romanticism. He composed highly original, fluid music within the outlines of classical forms. Ravel excelled at piano composition and orchestration, often scoring his own piano pieces and works by other composers. Among his piano compositions are Pavane pour une infante défunte (1899), Jeux d'eau (1901), Gaspard de la nuit (1908), Valses nobles et sentimentales (1911), Le Tombeau de Couperin (1917), and Concerto in D Major, for left hand (1931). His orchestral works include Rhapsodie Espagnole (1908) and Bolero (1928); he is also known for his orchestration of Modest Moussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition (1922). Other works are the song cycle Shéhérazade (1903), two operas, the chamber piece Tzigane, and ballets such as Daphnis et Chloé (1912), Ma Mère l'Oye (1912), and La Valse (1920).

Bibliography

See A. Orenstein, ed., A Ravel Reader: Correspondence, Articles, Interviews (2003); biographies by M. Goss (1940), V. I. Seroff (1953), H. H. Stuckenschmidt (tr. 1968), A. Orenstein (1975), B. Ivry (2000), and R. Nichols (2011); study by R. Nichols (1977).

References in periodicals archive ?
Maurice Ravel, Concerto En Sol pour deux pianos, transc.
From near the Verdun front he maintained correspondence with Lucien Garban (his house editor chez Durand and a lifelong friend) over proofing and publishing details for his Trois chansons (Arbie Orenstein, "La correspondance de Maurice Ravel a Lucien Roger Garban I," Cahiers Maurice Ravel 7 [20001: 19-68).
These Reflections give us a splendid insight into the life and music of Maurice Ravel.
We think of Maurice Ravel as the quintessential Parisian dandy, Homburg hat at a natty angle, watch-chain clinking against a pin-striped blazer over immaculate, razor-creased dark trousers, silver-topped cane much in evidence and a cigarette-holder at his lips.
Adding to the reputation of the group, the Emir His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani and Her Highness Sheikha Mozah bint Nasser al Missned were among the audience as the group performed repertoires of Ludwig van Beethoven, Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel before them.
The choir members who sang in Boylston were part of a larger tour group of around 120 that also included members of the orchestra, the Jeune Orchestre Symphonique Maurice Ravel, named in homage to renowned French composer Joseph-Maurice Ravel.
While the opening flourish, a Romanian Rhapsody by George Enescu (a chap who memorised Wagner's entire Ring Cycle) again underlined the point by parading a series of folk tunes, the concluding Rhapsodie espangnole by Maurice Ravel proved the exception.
Especially challenging was his performance of "Scarbo" by Maurice Ravel, considered by many to be the most difficult solo piano piece in the standard repertoire.
The individuals Butler has chosen to focus on are philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), novelist Victor Hugo (1802-1885), impressionist painter Claude Monet (1840-1926), composer Maurice Ravel (1875-1937), fashion designer Coco Chanel (1883-1971), President Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980), and ocean explorer Jacques Cousteau (1910-1997)
The immense sociability of the young Bonnard and his active role in Parisian intellectual life, his friendships with Toulouse-Lautrec, Odilon Redon, Maurice Ravel, Alfred Jarry, his work in the theater and as an applied designer - all this drains away.
The music will span classical, folk, art-song and tango by artists like Maurice Ravel, Astor Piazzola, and Leonard Cohen.
Contractor address : 21 rue Maurice Ravel, ZA du Plessis