Charles Maurras

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Maurras, Charles

 

Born Apr. 20, 1868, in Martigues, Bouches-du-Rhône; died Nov. 16, 1952, in Tours. French publicist, critic, and poet.

In 1899, Maurras joined the royalist group that had arisen around the biweekly journal Revue de l’Action française; in 1908, the journal became the daily newspaper L’Action française, whose guiding spirit was Maurras. In his articles, Maurras called for discipline and order in society; he asserted the beneficial nature of hereditary monarchy and Catholicism and declared the superiority of the “Latin race” over other peoples. He set forth his political ideas in Enquiry Concerning Monarchy (1900–09) and Kiel and Tangier (1910). Maurras regarded 17th-century classicism as his ethical and aesthetic standard. He wrote a number of books discrediting romanticism and praising the Greco-Roman sources of French culture; among these are The Road to Paradise (1894), Anthinéa (1901), The Lovers of Venice (1902), and The Future of Intelligence (1905).

In his poetry of the 1890’s, Maurras founded the école romane, which opposed symbolism; in essence this was only a variety of the decadent and symbolist movements (the collections For the Sake of Psyche, published separately in 1911, and Inscriptions, 1921). During World War II, Maurras was a rabid chauvinist. During World War II he was the official ideologist of the Pétain government, which collaborated with the fascist German invaders.

WORKS

Oeuvres capitales, vols. 1–4. Paris [1954].
Critique et poésie. Paris, 1968.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Massis, H. Maurras et notre temps. Paris [1961]

V. E. SHOR

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Maritain agreed to follow Action francaise for a time, but his discomfort with their political usage of the Fall doctrine came to a head when the Pope denounced Maurras in 1926.
De Charles Maurras a Georges Valois>>, Studia Historica.
Maurras was supported by, among other Jesuits, Billot, Yves de La Briere, Julien Fontaine, and Pedro Decoqs.
Pierre Boutang, after breaking up with Aspects de la France, founds La Nation francaise in October 1955, with the aim of renewing Maurras and reviving the royalist flame.
In addition, Llano relates some important figures in French culture to Spanish music, such as Charles Maurras (pp.
Incidentally, twentieth-century French fascists such as the non-Catholic Maurras hated Tocqueville, as Jaume points out.
1) An admirer of Admiral Antoine Schwerer, one of the navy's staunchest conservatives and most vocal anti-Semites, Decoux was known for political opinions close to the positions of Action Francaise, the monarchist movement led by Charles Maurras (Hood 1985, pp.
Charles Maurras, leader of the deeply reactionary Action Francaise, saw Coubertin's Olympics as a liberal Anglo-Saxon plot to undermine racial vigour and native pride.
Aun asi, a Gomez Carrillo le supo a gloria la atencion prestada por Clarin a su librito de semblanzas de escritores raros en su mayoria y a parte de los cuales habia frecuentado en Paris: Verlaine, Wilde, Silvestre, Maurras y tambien hispanicos: Dario, Alejandro Sawa.
She minimizes the influence of Charles Maurras in this regard, traditionally seen as the vieux maitre influencing the Jeune droite, in favour of Leon Daudet and Henri Massis, who were more inclined to use journalism and essays concerning culture and aesthetics as political weapons than old-fashioned monarchism and literature.
La escuela intelectual de la Accion Francesa, alrededor de su maestro Charles Maurras
If I wanted, for example, to publish a translated volume of Charles Maurras, whom Eliot always saluted as his master, it would not be a major undertaking.