Maurya

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Maurya

(mou`əryə), ancient Indian dynasty, c.325–c.183 B.C., founded by ChandraguptaChandragupta
(Chandragupta Maurya) , fl. c.321 B.C.–c.298 B.C., Indian emperor, founder of the Maurya dynasty and grandfather of Aśoka. He conquered the Magadha kingdom (in modern Bihar and Jharkhand) and eventually controlled all India N of the Vindhya Hills. In c.
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 (Chandragupta Maurya). He conquered the Magadha kingdom and established his capital at Pataliputra (now Patna). His son, Bindusara (d. c.273), and his grandson, AśokaAśoka
or Ashoka,
d. c.232 B.C., Indian emperor (c.273–c.232 B.C.) of the Maurya dynasty; grandson of Chandragupta. One of the greatest rulers of ancient India, he brought nearly all India, together with Baluchistan and Afghanistan, under one sway for the
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, the most notable ruler of ancient India, for the first time in history brought nearly all India, together with Afghanistan, under one rule. The culture of the Mauryan empire represents the first great flowering of Indian civilization, not to be equaled until the coming of the Gupta dynasty.

Maurya

 

a dynasty of the kings of Magadha from the fourth through the second centuries B.C.; the name of the largest state formation in the history of ancient India.

Candragupta Maurya (ruled 317-293 B.C.), the founder of the dynasty, united northwestern India and eastern Afghanistan with Magadha. Bindusara (ruled 293-268 B.C.) apparently widened the borders of the Mauryan empire in Deccan. The Mauryan empire achieved its greatest power under Asoka (ruled 268-232 B.C.), who conquered the state of Kalinga and attempted to centralize state government. During Asoka’s reign, cultural and economic ties with the outside world increased considerably.

At the end of the third century B.C., the Mauryan empire began to decline. In 180 B.C., Brhadratha, the last Mauryan emperor, was overthrown and killed by his commander in chief Pusyamitra, who founded the Sunga dynasty. Dates of Maurya rule are based on the latest research.

G. F. IL’IN

Maurya

mother loses six sons in the sea. [Br. Lit.: Riders to the Sea]
See: Despair
References in periodicals archive ?
From his name he was probably a prince of the Satavahana dynasty that controlled the Deccan after the breakup of the Mauryan empire and the assassination of the last of the Mauryas in 187 BCE.
All the top leaders in the party sang paeans to the Mauryan kings at the Chandragupta Rajyarohan Samaroh (coronation ceremony) in Patna, organised under the aegis of an outfit called All India Rashtrawadi Kushwaha Parishad, on Tuesday.
The second important personality of Taxila was Kautilya, the author of Arthashastra who helped Chandragupta to establish the Mauryan Empire.
DSW has joined forces with New Delhi-based Mauryan Capital Advisors, who will provide professionals based in India's capital city.
Almost all of the contributors are from India and the collection therefore addresses a number of human rights issues of most concern to Indians, including the jurisprudence of reservation for Indian "backward" caste Muslims, extension of reservation policy in the private sector, social status and legal rights of prostitutes from the Mauryan period to the present day, genocide in international law and Indian state practice, violations of Dalit rights, the need for communal harmony in India with reference to the Hague Peace Agenda, manual scavengers' fight for human rights and dignity in India, constitutional issues concerning denial of reservation benefit to religious converts, and women's empowerment and the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act.
The Roman Empire, with its legal System, elaborate network of roads, and military infrastructure, expanded governance just as did Mauryan Empire in India and the Han Empire in China.
In brief, the history of ancient India extends from the pre-Vedic period (around 6 000 BC), through the Indus and Saraswati civilisations (2 500-1 550 BC), the Vedic period (1 700-500 BC) and the rise of Jainism and Buddhism (up to 325 BC), to the Mauryan period which extends up to 500 AD.
This composite term is employed hereafter since Kautilya, his Arthasastra and the Mauryan dynasty of the Magadhan empire accordingly present the most probable historic connexion (Rapson 1962; Jha and Jha 1998; cf Goyal 1985).
In his latter years, the third Mauryan Emperor of Magadha converted to being a Buddhist monk, and dedicated his life to the practice of non-violence.
It introduces Chandragupta, the Mauryan Emperor, whose wife was Greek and bodyguards young Greek women.
Beginning with the Mauryan Empire in the fourth century B.
In the Mauryan period, contacts between Mesopotamia, Iran and northwest India deepened.