Mausolus

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Mausolus

(môsō`ləs), d. 353 B.C., Persian satrap, ruler over CariaCaria
, ancient region of SW Asia Minor, S of the Maeander River, which separated it from Lydia. The territory is in present SW Asian Turkey. The Carians were probably a native people, but their region was settled by both Dorian and Ionian colonists.
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 (c.376–353 B.C.). He was always more or less independent. One of the satraps who revolted against Artaxerxes IIArtaxerxes II,
d. 358 B.C., king of ancient Persia (404–358 B.C.), son and successor of Darius II. He is sometimes called in Greek Artaxerxes Mnemon [the thoughtful]. Early in his reign Cyrus the Younger attempted to assassinate him and seize the throne.
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, he later allied himself with the Persian kings. He extended his power greatly, even to hegemony over Rhodes. After his death his wife, Artemisia, erected at Halicarnassus a tomb that he had planned, called the mausoleummausoleum
, a sepulchral structure or tomb, especially one of some size and architectural pretension, so called from the sepulcher of that name at Halicarnassus, Asia Minor, erected (c.352 B.C.) in memory of Mausolus of Caria.
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Mausolus

 

a Hellenistic ruler in Asia Minor from 377/76 to 353/52 B.C. He was called a Persian satrap, but in reality he was independent of Persian rule.

Mausolus’ territory consisted of the district of Caria, part of the territory of Lycia, the city of Heraclea in Latmos, the city of lasos, and part of Lydia. His rule in fact included the islands of Rhodes, Cos, and Chios, with whom Mausolus concluded a treaty of alliance. In the 460’s B.C., Mausolus moved the capital of his state to Halicarnassus, where he built many palaces and temples. The great Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (the tomb of Mausolus), erected after his death on the instructions of his wife, Aŕtemisia, was considered in antiquity to be one of the seven wonders of the world.

REFERENCE

Buscher, E. Mausollus und Alexander. Berlin, 1950.