Max Beckmann


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Beckmann, Max

(mäks bĕk`män), 1884–1950, German painter. A member of the Berlin secessionsecession,
in art, any of several associations of progressive artists, especially those in Munich, Berlin, and Vienna, who withdrew from the established academic societies or exhibitions. The artists of Munich formed a secession in 1892 that spread to other German cities.
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 from 1908 to 1911, he was impressionistic in his early style. A subsequent expressionistic phase was altered c.1917 by the savage new objectivitynew objectivity
(Ger. Neue Sachlichkeit), German art movement of the 1920s. The chief painters of the movement were George Grosz and Otto Dix, who were sometimes called verists.
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 of George GroszGrosz, George
, 1893–1959, German-American caricaturist, draughtsman, and painter, b. Berlin. Before and during World War I he contributed drawings on proletarian themes to Illustration and other German periodicals. He was associated with the Dada group at that time.
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. Beckmann developed a richer, more personal, more dramatic, and more symbolic art in the 1920s. The power of his allegorical expressionism increased through the war years, which he spent in Amsterdam after fleeing Nazi Germany in 1937. Beckmann came to the United States in 1947 and taught at Washington Univ., St. Louis, and at the Brooklyn Museum School, New York City. His well-known triptych, Departure (1932–35; Mus. of Modern Art, N.Y.C.) is one of 18 powerful monumental triptychs that culminated in The Argonauts (1950).

Bibliography

See B. C. Buenger, Max Beckmann: Self-Portrait in Words: Collected Writings and Statements (1997); S. Bieber and B. Buenger, ed., Max Beckmann (2003); R. Spieler, Beckmann (2011); H. Belting and B. M. Burgi, Max Beckmann: The Landscapes (2011); D. Anfam et al., Beckmann and America (2012); K. Schick and H. Gassner, ed. Max Beckmann: The Still Lifes (2015).

References in periodicals archive ?
From left: Max Beckmann, Self-Portrait with Horn, 1938; Oskar Kokoschka.
Here the complexity of the arguments and the need for the juxtaposition become apparent: on 19 July 1937, Ziegler opened the 'Entartete Kunst' exhibition with an incendiary speech, on precisely the day that Max Beckmann left Germany with his wife following Hitler's speech opening the 'Grosse Deutsche Kunstausstellung' the previous day.
Its members are scorned as irresponsible nihilists (Dada); dilettantes (Harry Kessler); doomsayers (George Grosz, Max Beckmann, Brecht); insular and non-figurative (the Expressionists), politically naive and easily manipulated.
The wonderful painter Max Beckmann, dismissed from his professorship and labelled 'degenerate', came to London for an exhibition in 1938 but preferred to spend the war in Amsterdam before emigrating to America.
Only 10 years ago, there was the colossal German Art in the Twentieth Century exhibition at the Royal Academy in which the period between 1933 and 1945 was completely left out, apart from a few pictures by Max Beckmann, who was all right because he had been shown in the Munich Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) Exhibition held by the Nazis in 1937.
For instance, Max Beckmann used the skulls of 17th-century vanitas still lifes to express the horrors of World War II.
JEAN-MICHEL BASQUIAT MAX BECKMANN LOUISE BOURGEOIS PAUL MCCARTHY GEORGE CONDO JIM DINE JEAN DUBUFFET DONALD JUDD KAZUO SHIRAGA WILLEM DE KOONING CLAES OLDENBURG A.
Also included are works by Maurice de Vlaminck, Georges Braque, Juan Gris, Max Beckmann, Vasily Kandinsky, Marc Chagall, Kazimir Malevich, Fernand Leger, Piet Mondrian, Constantin BrEoncusi, Alberto Giacometti, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, Max Ernst, Paul Delvaux, Salvador Dali, Joan Miro and Paul Klee.
The Verist artists, such as Max Beckmann, Otto Dix and George Grosz, portrayed the Weimar demimonde of prostitutes, pimps, cocaine addicts and transvestites and also businessmen, lawyers and poets.
Max Beckmann (German, 1884-1950) Self-Portrait, 1937.
Max Beckmann (1884-1950), a contemporary of Picasso (1881-1973), also developed his own artistic language.
The exhibit is organized into four thematic sections: Music and Dance, Celebration and Cafe Society, Gaming and Sport, and Flirtation and Romance, as represented by artists as diverse as Max Beckmann, Edgar Degas, Jean-Honore Fragonard, Pablo Picasso, Peter Paul Rubens, Jan Steen, Titian and Diego Velazquez.