Max Ernst


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Ernst, Max

(mäks ĕrnst) 1891–1976, German painter. After World War I, Ernst joined the DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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 movement in Paris and then became a founder of surrealismsurrealism
, literary and art movement influenced by Freudianism and dedicated to the expression of imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and free of convention.
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. Apart from the medium of collagecollage
[Fr.,=pasting], technique in art consisting of cutting and pasting natural or manufactured materials to a painted or unpainted surface—hence, a work of art in this medium.
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, for which he is well known, Ernst developed other devices to express his fantastic vision. In frottage he rubbed black chalk on paper held against various materials such as leaves, wood, and fabrics to achieve bizarre effects. He was also the author of several volumes of collage novels. A note of whimsy often characterizes his dreamlike landscapes while other works reveal an allegorical imagination. Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightingale and several other works are in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

Bibliography

See his Beyond Painting (1948); studies by J. Russell (1967) and U. M. Schneede (1973); R. Rainwater, Max Ernst, Beyond Surrealism: An Exhibition of the Artist's Books and Prints (1986); W. A. Camfield, ed., Max Ernst: Dada and the Dawn of Surrealism (1993); W. Spies, ed., Max Ernst: A Retrospective (2005).

Ernst, Max (Maximillian)

(1891–1976) painter; born in Brühl, Germany. He studied philosophy at the University of Bonn (1911), traveled widely, lived in the U.S.A. during the 1940s, and settled in France (1953). A surrealist and Dadaist, he used the subconscious as his inspiration, as seen in Oedipus Rex (1921) and Polish Rider (1954).
References in periodicals archive ?
31) And base animality is evoked in Andre Breton's poem, War, written during WWII but dedicated to Max Ernst, a survivor of the trenches of WWI.
Among the collection's treasures are etchings from late in Goya's career and works by Max Klinger, Max Ernst, Odilon Redon, Paul Klee, Jean Dubuffet and printmaker Piranesi.
The way the bodies were arranged resembles a 1923 painting called The Equivocal Woman by artist Max Ernst.
A loplop is the name of the bird-like character that was the alter ego of German Dadaist and surrealist artist Max Ernst.
DADA" by Rudolf Kuenzli provides an descriptive analysis within an historical context, examining Dada's impact and resonance in the art and culture of this opening decade of the 21st Century from the avant-garde work of such Dada luminaries as Hugo Ball, Marcel Duchamp, many Ray, Francis Picabia, Raoul Hausmann, Hannah Hoch, Kurt Schwitter, Max Ernst, Lajos Kassak, and many others.
It included the largest collection of African art in private hands, and works by such legendary artists as Jean-Michael Basquiat, Alexander Calder, Stuart Davis, Jean Dubuffet, Max Ernst, Red Grooms, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Ferdnand Leger, Richard Lindner, Jaques Lipchitz, Reginald Marsh, Henri Matisse, Joan Miro, Henry Moore, Francis Picabia, Pablo Picasso and Augeste Rodin.
00) provides a wide-ranging history and art survey of some of the top figures representing Dada art past and present, from Marcel Duchamp and Max Ernst to Sophie Taeuber and lesser-knowns.
In this drawing by the Surrealists Morise, Max Ernst, and Masson, Ernst converted the voids under the figure's arms into birds.
As a maker and manipulator of images, Max Ernst was in a very high class.
Henri Laurens was influenced by the Dogons [of Mali], Max Ernst studied the art of the Senufo [of Cote d'Ivoire and Mali], Paul Klee copied the style of the Bakota [of Gabon] and so did Amedeo Modigliani copy Congolese art.
Running through our section on Europe is an annotated survey of a few European artists, from Albrecht Durer in the early Renaissance to Dadaist Max Ernst.
It featured the works of Max Ernst, Man Ray and Pablo Picasso.