Max Liebermann


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Liebermann, Max

 

Born July 20, 1847, in Berlin; died there Feb. 8, 1935. German painter and graphic artist.

Liebermann studied in Berlin from 1866 to 1868 and in Weimar from 1868 to 1872. He lived in Paris (1873–78), Munich (1878–84), and later Berlin. Liebermann was the founder of the Berlin Secession (1898–99). In 1897 he was made a professor at the Academy of Arts in Berlin (president, 1920; honorary president, 1932). He was persecuted by the fascists.

Influenced by G. Courbet, J. Israels, and M. Munkácsy, Liebermann continued in the tradition of German realism. In his early paintings he sympathetically and warmly depicted busy factory women, peasants, artisans, and fishermen. Directness of observation, careful depiction of light and air, and purity and richness of colors are combined with precise rendering of line and three-dimensional form (Women Plucking Geese, 1872; The Flax Spinners 1887—both in the National Gallery in Berlin). Beginning in the 1890’s, under the influence of impressionism, Liebermann often painted landscapes, concentrating a great deal of attention on light, movement, and overall painterly effects (Game of Polo in Jena Park, 1902–03, Kunsthalle, Hamburg). Liebermann is known for his advocacy of the realist art of the past.

WORKS

Gesammelte Schriften. Berlin, 1922.

REFERENCE

Scheffler, K. Max Liebermann. Wiesbaden, 1953.
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The pieces are by Henri Matisse, Max Liebermann and Carl Spitzweg.
The Liebermann Villa is the former summer residence of the impressionist painter Max Liebermann (18471937).
A HOARD of art found in Germany last year, some of which was apparently seized by the Nazis, included works ranging from Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, Max Liebermann and others dating back to the 16th century.
Max Liebermann and international modernism; an artist's career from empire to Third Reich.
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Fatal Lies is the fourth entry in Tallis's Max Liebermann series, which revolves around a Viennese detective and his psychoanalyst sidekick.
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Max Liebermann, the renowned painter was compelled to resign as President of the Prussian Academy of Art.
A previously undiscovered work by Max Liebermann - "Dame und Zwei Madchen auf Einer Parkbank - Studie sur 'Papageienallee'" - was a study for one of the artist's most important paintings.
Four settlements since 1998 involve works by Pierre Bonnard, Camille Corot, Wassily Kandinsky and Max Liebermann.
After a short introduction she presents four chapters: "Alfred Lichtwark and Modern German Art;" "The Petersen Portrait: The Failure of Modern Art as Monument in Hamburg" about the strife in 1892 with regard to a painting by Max Liebermann of a Hamburg mayor that Lichtwark commissioned; "The Scandal in 1896 over the 'New Tendency'" which explores the attempt by Lichtwark to propagate impressionist and post-impressionist art in the local gallery and among the educated elite; and "Lichtwark and the Society of Hamburg's Patrons of Fine Art" which is primarily about his conflicts with advocates of traditional art.
The register has helped identify 21 looted paintings within auction house catalogues or art dealerships, including works by Claude Monet, Pierre Bonnard, Alfred Sisley, Max Liebermann, Karl Hofer, Camille Pissarro and Ferdinand Georg Waldmuller.