Max Müller

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Müller, Max

 

(Friedrich Max Müller). Born Dec. 6, 1823, in Dessau; died Oct. 28, 1900, in Oxford. English philologist. Specialist in general linguistics, Indology, and mythology. Professor at Oxford University (1854–76).

Müller belonged to the naturalistic school of linguistics; however, unlike A. Schleicher, he regarded language not as a self-sufficient organism but only as a necessary function of the human organism. According to Müller, the development of language is in its growth, its natural development; linguistics, on the other hand, is a natural science. Even before the neogrammarians, Müller emphasized the importance of studying unwritten languages; he pointed out the leading role of living dialectal speech in language development.

Müller translated and published the Rig-Veda (6 vols., 1849–74) and edited the series The Sacred Books of the East (55 vols., 1879–1924).

WORKS

History of the Ancient Sanskrit Literature. London, 1859.
In Russian translation:
Lektsii po nauke o iazyke. St. Petersburg, 1865.
Sravnitel’naia mifologiia. Moscow, 1863.
Nauka o iazyke, issues 1–2. Voronezh, 1868–70.

REFERENCES

Chikobava, A. S. Problema iazyka kak predmeta iazykoznaniia. Moscow, 1959. Pages 51–61.
Müller, G. M. The Life and Letters of F. M. Müller, vols. 1–2. London, 1902.
References in periodicals archive ?
Her work is part of a larger exhibition going on at the Max Mueller Bhavan, titled Freedom.
The President was in a particularly jocular vein with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, subtly challenging her hold on the India portfolio and trumping her Mark Twain quote rhapsodizing about India with a Max Mueller observation he dug up about the glory of India.
The Costume of Hindostan is on at the Annexe Art Gallery, India International Centre, Max Mueller Marg, till May 31 ( Thursday); 11 a.
Kolkata, Feb 27 (ANI): Max Mueller Bhavan and the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) are engaged in restoring Johann Zoffany's painting titled 'Last Supper', which is around two hundred years old.
The incident happened near Max Mueller Bhavan and just a few metres from a police booth.
Today is the last day of the festival at IIC, Max Mueller Marg, from 10 a.
Lehmann's cows ( the painted ones is what we mean) are going to be on display at the Max Mueller Bhavan this Saturday, as part of the German Language Day celebrations, in the show Look At My Cow .
AT THE fourth Nigah QueerFest, Friday was the night of performances at Max Mueller Bhavan which were accompanied by thoughtfully- lit bonfires to help the audience beat the chill even as they soaked in some songs, dance and poetry.
The Forest , a weeklong showcase of art, photography, films and food, will start at 5 pm on Thursday at the India International Centre, Max Mueller Marg.
i gallery, the American Center, the British Council and the Max Mueller Bhavan.
Selections from the archives of the ZEBRA Poetry Film Festival, a forum for short films dedicated to the content, form and aesthetics of poetry, were screened at the Max Mueller Bhavan on Thursday evening.
The cake in Delhi and the one from Germany are poles apart," says Eberhard Weller, regional language director, South Asia, Geothe Institut, Max Mueller Bhavan.