Max Planck


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Max Planck: Louis de Broglie

Planck, Max

(mäks plängk), 1858–1947, German physicist. Seeking to explain the experimental spectrumspectrum,
arrangement or display of light or other form of radiation separated according to wavelength, frequency, energy, or some other property. Beams of charged particles can be separated into a spectrum according to mass in a mass spectrometer (see mass spectrograph).
..... Click the link for more information.
 (distribution of electromagnetic energy according to wavelength) of blackbodyblackbody,
in physics, an ideal black substance that absorbs all and reflects none of the radiant energy falling on it. Lampblack, or powdered carbon, which reflects less than 2% of the radiation falling on it, crudely approximates an ideal blackbody; a material consisting of a
..... Click the link for more information.
 radiation, he introduced the hypothesis (1900) that oscillating atoms absorb and emit energy only in discrete bundles (called quanta) instead of continuously, as assumed in classical physics. The success of his work and subsequent developments by Albert EinsteinEinstein, Albert
, 1879–1955, American theoretical physicist, known for the formulation of the relativity theory, b. Ulm, Germany. He is recognized as one of the greatest physicists of all time.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Niels BohrBohr, Niels Henrik David
, 1885–1962, Danish physicist, one of the foremost scientists of modern physics. He studied at the Univ. of Copenhagen (Ph.D. 1911) and carried on research on the structure of the atom at Cambridge under Sir James J.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Werner HeisenbergHeisenberg, Werner
, 1901–76, German physicist. One of the founders of the quantum theory, he is best known for his uncertainty principle, or indeterminacy principle, which states that it is impossible to determine with arbitrarily high accuracy both the position and
..... Click the link for more information.
, Erwin SchrödingerSchrödinger, Erwin
, 1887–1961, Austrian theoretical physicist. He was educated at Vienna, taught at Breslau and Zürich, and was professor at the Univ. of Berlin (1927–33), fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford (1933–36), and professor at the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and others established the revolutionary quantum theoryquantum theory,
modern physical theory concerned with the emission and absorption of energy by matter and with the motion of material particles; the quantum theory and the theory of relativity together form the theoretical basis of modern physics.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of modern physics, of which Planck is justly regarded as the father. In 1918, Planck received the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on blackbody radiation. He was professor at the Univ. of Berlin (1889–1928) and president (1930–35) of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science, Berlin, which after World War II was reconstituted as part of the Max Planck Institutes. He was an editor of the Annalen der Physik and member of the Royal Society (London) and the American Physical Society. His name is honored in Planck's constantPlanck's constant
, fundamental constant of the quantum theory. It is represented by the letter h and has a value of 6.62607 × 10−34 joule-second. The combination h/2π, denoted by h (called "h-bar"), occurs frequently.
..... Click the link for more information.
. English translations of his works include A Survey of Physics (1925, new ed. 1960), Introduction to Theoretical Physics (5 vol., 1932–33), Treatise on Thermodynamics (3d rev. ed. 1945), and Scientific Autobiography and Other Papers (1949).

Bibliography

See biography by B. R. Brown (2015).

References in periodicals archive ?
CEO of Arix Bioscience, Joe Anderson, commented: "This collaboration with LDC and the University of Leeds on metabolic projects is the first fruit of Arix's partnership with the Lead Discovery Centre and Max Planck Innovation GmbH, which demonstrates our ability to convert our high-quality relationships into tangible projects based on academic scientific excellence with long-term commercial potential.
The LDC will collaborate closely with the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (Caesar), which is associated with the Max Planck Society.
Andreas Nathues, the framing camera team lead at Max Planck, said that the key to these images is the seven color filters of the camera system on board the spacecraft.
The new centre's partners in the field of fusion research are the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Garching and Greifswald (IPP) and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL).
The Max Planck Society in Germany is a foundation that coordinates and supervises 80 research centers of excellence, the world famous Max Planck Institutes, with over 14,000 personnel and with a wide range of international activities.
Under-Secretary to the President Dr Titos Christofides will address the ceremony, at which several ministers, government officials, representatives from the Max Planck Society and the German government are expected to attend.
At a time when Ivy League institutions like Yale and Harvard are seeing grand erosion in their endowments because of financial meltdown Max Planck has been assured of a five percent rise in its budget every year starting 2011.
Levinson of the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, offers a different view.
Keeping its founders' original promise to the academic research community, Cenix has enabled free online access to the entire dataset by providing web dissemination rights to one of its parent institutes, the Dresden-based Max Planck Institute for Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (www.
The intention is to create an integrated information, communication, and publication platform for Web-based scientific work so that scientists working in the 80 research institutes of the Max Planck Society can collaborate together.
Bayer AG is awarded exclusive patent rights on a plant parasite technology developed by the Max Planck Society.
David Gil, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology