Maximian


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Related to Maximian: Galerius, Maxentius, Constantius

Maximian

(Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus) (măksĭm`ēən), d. 310, Roman emperor, with DiocletianDiocletian
(Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus) , 245–313, Roman emperor (284–305), b. near Salona, Dalmatia (the modern Split, Croatia). Of humble birth, he obtained high military command under Probus and Aurelian and fought under Carus in Persia.
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 (286–305). An able commander, he was made caesar (subemperor) by Diocletian in 285 and augustus in 286. He was in general charge of the empire in the West but failed to put down the revolt of Carausius. Two new caesars, GaleriusGalerius
(Caius Galerius Valerius Maximinianus) , d. 310, Roman emperor (305–10). Diocletian appointed him caesar for the eastern part of the empire in 293 (Constantius I was caesar of the West). He had to conduct hard campaigns in Pannonia and Asia.
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 and Constantius IConstantius I
(Constantius Chlorus) , c.250–306, Roman emperor (305–6). A career general, he gave up Helena to marry Theodora, the daughter of Maximian. He was made caesar (subemperor) under Maximian in 293 and gained prestige when his forces defeated the rebel
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, were created in 293, and Constantius was successful against Carausius. Maximian abdicated with Diocletian in 305, but the death of Constantius in 306 brought confusion to the political scene—there was a struggle for power among SeverusSeverus
(Flavius Valerius Severus), d. 307, Roman emperor (306–7). He participated with Galerius in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow Maxentius. Surrendering to Maximian (father of Maxentius) at Ravenna on the condition that his life be spared, Severus was taken to Rome.
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 (d.307), Galerius, Constantine (Constantine IConstantine I
or Constantine the Great
, 288?–337, Roman emperor, b. Naissus (present-day Niš, Serbia). He was the son of Constantius I and Helena and was named in full Flavius Valerius Constantinus.
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, son of Constantius), and MaxentiusMaxentius
(Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius) , d. 312, Roman emperor (306–12), son of Maximian. After Diocletian and Maximian had retired, the successor to Maximian, Constantius, died.
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 (son of Maximian). Maximian plunged into the conflict, at first to aid his son in Italy; he captured Severus, repulsed Galerius, and won over Constantine, to whom he gave his daughter Fausta in marriage. Then Maximian and Maxentius became enemies, and, having failed to depose his son, Maximian fled to Constantine and abdicated again (308). He could not, however, rest content but revolted against Constantine. In 310 he was forced to commit suicide.

Maximian

 

(Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus). Born A.D. 240; died 310. Roman emperor in 286-305 and 307-310. Son of a peasant from Pannonia.

Maximian rose to the highest ranks of military service. In 285, Diocletian proclaimed him Caesar, and in 286 Augustus, his coruler. Maximian was noted for his harshness in suppressing the uprisings of the Bagaudae in Gaul (285) and the German tribes (286). In 290-291 he repulsed the onslaught of the Mauretanian tribes in Africa. He supported Diocletian’s reforms. In 305, with Diocletian, he renounced the throne, but in 307 he declared himself Augustus again. He was killed in a struggle for power. (According to the official version, he committed suicide.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Saint Adrian of Nicomedia, according to the De probatis sanctorum 5:123-31, was a Herculian guard in the service of Maximian, charged with torturing Christians.
Eusebius' accession, if dated rightly to 18 April 308, might tie in with the fact that Maximian had recently left Rome, and his son Maxentius could at this stage have thought it prudent, worthwhile, or merely possible, to attract Christian support.
Even more surprising, however, is the fact that this legend was slow in getting started, almost five centuries passed from the time of her martyrdom, 'traditionally associated with the persecution under Diocletian and Maximian (AD 305-13)' to the first flourishing of the cult.
Principal wars: War with the Bagaudae and Franks (285-286); revolt against Maximian (286-293).
The alliterative phrase, "wery so water in wore," seems to recall an ancient Anglo-Saxon idiom; but there are no Old English poems that contain it, and the only other bit of English poetry with something similar is the Middle English poem with the French title, "Le Regret de Maximian.
Gregory asserted that Theodore was martyred under Maximian and his fellow emperor Galerius, ca.
The obvious candidates are Maximian, as Augustus Herculius, and Galerius, as Diocletian's chosen Caesar.
282); tribune at Diocletian's court after the latter made his father Caesar (293); military tribune in the east (302); joined his father in Britain (305); proclaimed Caesar by his father's troops at Eboracum (York) after Constantius died (July 25, 306); closely involved in the struggle between the Emperor (Augustus) Maximian and his son Maxentius (307-310); claimed the throne through his descent from Claudius II Gothicus after Maximian died (late 310); invaded Italy and routed Maxentius' generals at Turin and Verona (early 312); defeated and killed Maxentius at the Milvian Bridge (summer?
Lactantius's strategy entailed convincing pagan intellectuals, many of whom were now inclined towards monotheism, that they had more in common with Christians than with the practitioners of the traditional cult and that politically, juridically, and philosophically Christianity's principles were more genuinely "Roman" than were the schemes of Diocletian and Maximian.
This book will surely prove to be a landmark in Maximian scholarship comparable to Hans Urs von Balthasar's great work, Kosmische Liturgie, or Lars Thunberg's no less monumental Microcosm and Mediator.
Born in Dardania (southern Yugoslavia), probably of peasant stock; entered the army, rising to the rank of tribune; as governor of Dalmatia, he was made Caesar by Dicoletian's co-Augustus Maximian (March 1, 293); adopted by Maximian, he also married Maximian's daughter Helena; assigned the government of Gaul, he set about the task of subduing the usurper M.
The stone seen in photograph 1 (on page 524) is from the town of Fiq in the southern district of Hippus, and contains the opening portion of the usual formula, which we can complete, though the names of the towns are lost: "Diocletian and Maximian, Augusti, and Constantius and Maximian, most worthy [Caesars, ordered that this stone demarking the boundaries of N.