# Maxwell

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## maxwell

the cgs unit of magnetic flux equal to the flux through one square centimetre normal to a field of one gauss. It is equivalent to 10--8 weber.

## Maxwell

1. James Clerk. 1831--79, Scottish physicist. He made major contributions to the electromagnetic theory, developing the equations (Maxwell equations) upon which classical theory is based. He also contributed to the kinetic theory of gases, and colour vision
2. (Ian) Robert, original name Robert Hoch. 1923--91, British publisher, born in Slovakia: founder (1949) of Pergamon Press; chairman of Mirror Group Newspapers Ltd. (1984--91); theft from his employees' pension funds and other frauds discovered after his death led to the collapse of his business

## Maxwell

a unit of magnetic flux in the cgs system of units. The maxwell was named in honor of the British physicist J. C. Maxwell. Its abbreviation in international usage is Mx. A maxwell is the magnetic flux that passes in a homogeneous magnetic field having an induction of 1 gauss (G) through a cross section of 1 cm2 that is normal to the direction of the field: 1 MX = (1 G) × (1 cm2). The maxwell can also be defined on the basis of the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction as the magnetic flux which, on decreasing uniformly to zero in 1 sec in an enveloping closed circuit, generates an electromotive force equal to 1 abvolt (a cgs unit of potential difference equal to 10−8 volt); 1 MX =10−8 weber.

## maxwell

[′mak‚swel]
(electromagnetism)
A centimeter-gram-second electromagnetic unit of magnetic flux, equal to the magnetic flux which produces an electromotive force of 1 abvolt in a circuit of one turn linking the flux, as the flux is reduced to zero in 1 second at a uniform rate; equal to 10-8 weber. Abbreviated Mx. Also known as abweber (abWb); line of magnetic induction.
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