Mayotte


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Mayotte

(mīŏt`), island (2005 est. pop. 194,000), 144 sq mi (374 sq km), French departmental collectivity, Indian Ocean, in the Comoro chain. MamoudzouMamoudzou,
city (2002 pop. 45,485), capital and largest city of Mayotte. It lies on the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean on the NE coast of Grande-Terre, Mayotte's main island, near the mouth of the Kaoueni R.
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 is the capital and largest city. The land is gently rolling, with some mountains of ancient volcanic origin and deep ravines. The climate is tropical, with a hot and humid rainy season and a cooler dry season. Nearly all Muslim, the population is of mixed Arab, African, and Malagasy origin. French is the official language, but Mahorian, a Swahili dialect, is widely spoken. The economy is largely agricultural and includes livestock raising and fishing. Mayotte exports perfume oils, vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, and cinnamon. Much of its food, as well as machinery, equipment, metals, and chemicals is imported, mainly from France. Part of the Comoro Islands, it became a French possession in 1843. When the ComorosComoros, the
, officially Union of the Comoros (2005 est. pop. 671,000), 838 sq mi (2,170 sq km), occupying most of the Comoro Islands, an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel, between Madagascar and Mozambique.
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 became an independent republic in 1975, Mayotte decided to remain French and the following year it voted to become a territorial collectivity. In 2000 voters approved increased autonomy for Mayotte, which subsequently became a departmental collectivity, but in a 2009 referendum voters approved becoming an overseas department of France, effective in 2011. Mayotte is still claimed by the Comoros.

Mayotte

an island in the Indian Ocean, northwest of Madagascar; administered by France. Pop. (including Pamanzi): 186 026 (2004 est.). Area: 374 sq. km (146 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
My job then," Mayotte says, "was to keep him encouraged and motivated in a very difficult time in his career.
The genomic analysis of the Mayotte isolates placed them within the 2006-2007 eastern African Kenya-1 lineage.
It stands to reason that a lot of people didn't try to get out of default because they didn't know what to expect,'' Mayotte said.
These results helped evaluate RVFV circulation on Mayotte island before the 2007-2008 outbreak on the eastern Africa mainland.
In addition, it has consistently laid territorial claims on the neighbouring island of Mayotte, which voted to remain a French Department in 1986.
Past failures of malaria elimination in Zanzibar off the coast of mainland Tanzania; in Sri Lanka (1); or in Mayotte, a France-administered island of the Comoros archipelago (7), raise the question of the minimal geographic isolation level and the optimal size of intervention area required for malaria elimination success.
The Group is currently the leading financial services provider in Mauritius and is also present in Paris, Reunion Island, Mayotte, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mozambique.
Benefits collection, removal, transport, treatment or recovery and waste disposal for the benefit of the armed forces in the southern Indian Ocean zone (FAZSOI) based in Reunion and Mayotte, the Gendarmerie Command Reunion (Comgendre), the regiment of military service adapted Reunion (IAHS-R).
Mayotte said he was circumspect in his initial statement to police out of fear.
A young Comorian with a 2-month history of severe encephalitis was transferred from the Republic of Comoros to Mayotte, where diagnostic and medical care facilities are more readily available.
Supply and delivery batteries, tires and car parts for the benefit of the Armed Forces in the South Zone of the Indian Ocean (FAZSOI) located in Reunion and Mayotte, the Regiment Military Service Adapted Reunion (Rsma- R) Battalion Adapted Military Service (BSMA) located at Mayotte and Gendarmerie Command (Comgend) located in Reunion and Mayotte.