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the residue from distillation of gasoline, ligroin, kerosine, and diesel oil fractions from petroleum. Mazut may be used as boiler fuel oil, in the preparation of distillate and residual lubricating oils, in cracking or hydrogenation processes for the manufacture of motor fuel (gasoline or diesel oil), and in the production of bitumen and coke, depending on its chemical composition and properties.

The properties of mazut are as follows: density, 890-1,000 kg/m3 at 20°C; heat of combustion, 38-42 megajoules per kg (9,100-10,000 kcal/kg); relative viscosity, 5°-15° at 50°C; surface tension, 0.03-0.04 joules per sq m (30-40 erg/cm2) at 40°C); heat of evaporation, 170-210 kilojoules per kg (40-50 kcal/kg); sulfur content, 0.8-3.5 percent; resin content, up to 60 percent; ash content, 0.1-0.5 percent. The mazut used for fuel in gas turbines must have the lowest ash content (the ash must contain no more than 0.001 percent vanadium and 0.0005 percent sodium, which are particularly harmful elements in terms of corrosion).


Gurevich, I. L. Tekhnologiia nefti, part 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952. Tovarnye nefteprodukty, ikh svoistva i primenenie. Moscow, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
This led to decreasing the value of petroleum derivatives -- benzene, diesel, mazut, and butane gas -- which are imported.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran is going to export gasoline, gasoil, and mazut next year which can provide the private sector with lucrative opportunities, said Deputy Petroleum Minister for Planning and Monitoring of Hydrocarbon Resources Mansour Moazzami.
The process of deep processing will allow the extraction of a larger amount of diesel fuels and mazut with less than 1% sulfur content.
In Manbij town in the northern governorate of Aleppo the regime's warplanes committed a new massacre against civilians when they attacked a mazut tank.
5 thousand tons of jet fuel, and 16 thousand tons of mazut.
The cabinet announcement said new prices for gasoline, mazut (home heating oil) and other fuels would come next month.
The plan provides for purchasing gas from the major NG discoveries offshore (Tamar and Leviathan), and signing contracts to sell this gas at nice margins to the many plants/factories in Israel demanding cheap and clean alternatives to LPG (propane), mazut (heating oil) and diesel.
On Tuesday, the Transport Minister signed a contract with a specialized foreign company for combating the pollution resulting from the leakage of Mazut from the stranded ship in the coasts of Mukala.
KAHyRE (CyHAN)- More than 15 nationwide power stations have halted electricity generation on Thursday due to shortages of fuel such as diesel, natural gas and mazut, the Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC) said Al Ahramonline reported.
He urged the government to import crude oil so that the refinery could continue to function and supply the Yemeni market with fuel, diesel, cooking gas and mazut (low-quality fuel oil), which some power generating stations, including Aden's, operate on.
Besides that furnace gas and mazut are being obtained in the process of pyrolysis.