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a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. Two annual species, Desi jute (Corchorus olitorius) and India jute (C. capsularis), are grown for their fibers. The plants are up to 3.5 m tall with erect, branching stems, taproots, and alternate, ovatelanceolate, dentate leaves with appendages. The flowers are small, bisexual, and yellow, occurring singly or two to three in the leaf axils. The fruit is a ribbed pod; in C. olitorius it is in the form of a silique (5-10 cm long); and in C. capsularis it is almost spherical (1-2 cm). The seeds are small, usually brown, gray, or green. The plant thrives in warm, light, and moist conditions.

The fibers of the jute plant are widely used in making packing materials, furniture, and carpets. The dry jute stem is 20-25 percent fiber. In India, its place of origin, the leaves of the jute plant are used as food. The area of the world’s land used for growing jute in 1970 was more than 2.9 million hectares (ha), and the gross yield of fiber was approximately 3.7 million tons. India and Pakistan send the most jute to the world market. In the USSR varieties of Desi jute (Pervenets Uzbekistana and Uzbekskii 53) are grown in small areas in Middle Asia; the average harvest of dry stems is 95-100. centners per ha. The crop is treated with manure (10-15 tons per ha) and mineral fertilizers (in kg/ha): 90-120 N, 90-12. P2O5, and 60-90 K2O. To obtain fiber, jute is harvested when the first pod forms on 50 percent of the plants. The stalks are bound in sheaves, dried, and sent to fiber factories to be processed.


Ioffe, R. Ia., and G. A. Pereverzev. “Dzhut.” In the collection Lubianye kul’tury. Edited by S. S. Berlend. Moscow, 1955.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1964. Page 459.
References in periodicals archive ?
it/handle/1889/1259>; JULIANA MAZZOCCHI, Italian library blogs: A difficult trend to follow?
Quanto aos tamanhos das amostras, de acordo com Mazzocchi (2008), o numero minimo recomendado de observacoes por item em uma analise fatorial exploratoria e 5, sendo 10 o ideal; e, em modelos de regressao linear multipla, o numero minimo recomendado de observacoes por parametro sendo estimado e 10.
For example, the Black Tern tends to nest at a site with 50 : 50 vegetation cover : open water (Cuthbert 1954; Hickey & Malecki 1997; Mazzocchi et al.
Arriving back at Wilson Hill, we join several other sleepy volunteers who stumble over to grab coffee and doughnuts put out by Irene Mazzocchi, wildlife biologist and living proof that perpetual motion is more than just a theory.
Mazzocchi to board(C)2012 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.
Atti del convegno internazionale sulle raccolte poetiche iberiche dei secoli xv-xvii (Ferrara, 7-9 ottobre 2002), Andrea Baldissera y Giuseppe Mazzocchi (eds.
Onesti MG, Mazzocchi M, Di Ronza S, Martano A, Scuderi N.
Antonio Mazzocchi, a deputy in the centre-right PDL party and one of the three "quaestors" who look after the running of parliamentary business, said that when all benefits were taken into account, the report showed that Italian parliamentarians were not especially well paid.
He was abused right from the beginning when the guy attacked him, and we should remember that he is the first victim involved here," Eugene Mazzocchi said.
Reviewing a biography of Off Chemical and Auto Workers' Union leader Ton), Mazzocchi, Early poses a question that continues to haunt labour leftists: "How can a trade unionist with strong anti-capitalist views-usually not shared by the workers he or she represents--make his or her politics relevant to workplace struggles in the absence of a mass-based left-wing party?