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a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. Two annual species, Desi jute (Corchorus olitorius) and India jute (C. capsularis), are grown for their fibers. The plants are up to 3.5 m tall with erect, branching stems, taproots, and alternate, ovatelanceolate, dentate leaves with appendages. The flowers are small, bisexual, and yellow, occurring singly or two to three in the leaf axils. The fruit is a ribbed pod; in C. olitorius it is in the form of a silique (5-10 cm long); and in C. capsularis it is almost spherical (1-2 cm). The seeds are small, usually brown, gray, or green. The plant thrives in warm, light, and moist conditions.

The fibers of the jute plant are widely used in making packing materials, furniture, and carpets. The dry jute stem is 20-25 percent fiber. In India, its place of origin, the leaves of the jute plant are used as food. The area of the world’s land used for growing jute in 1970 was more than 2.9 million hectares (ha), and the gross yield of fiber was approximately 3.7 million tons. India and Pakistan send the most jute to the world market. In the USSR varieties of Desi jute (Pervenets Uzbekistana and Uzbekskii 53) are grown in small areas in Middle Asia; the average harvest of dry stems is 95-100. centners per ha. The crop is treated with manure (10-15 tons per ha) and mineral fertilizers (in kg/ha): 90-120 N, 90-12. P2O5, and 60-90 K2O. To obtain fiber, jute is harvested when the first pod forms on 50 percent of the plants. The stalks are bound in sheaves, dried, and sent to fiber factories to be processed.


Ioffe, R. Ia., and G. A. Pereverzev. “Dzhut.” In the collection Lubianye kul’tury. Edited by S. S. Berlend. Moscow, 1955.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1964. Page 459.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ann Rondeau, Vice President for Administration and Treasurer (CFO) Brian Caputo and his staff for their diligence in holding the college to the strictest standards," said Board Chairman Deanne Mazzochi.
The European Commercial Card solution is designed to streamline our customers purchasing process in pound sterling or euro, whether it s for small purchases, travel and entertainment, or large expenditures, said Mary Mazzochi, senior vice president and manager of the Commercial Card product suite at Wells Fargo.
He outpointed Italian Franceso Mazzochi in the semi-finals and it was a result that even surprised the Scot.
The private side of this equation, the musical adjunct to the `newest poems', survives in the comparatively small repertory of settings of Urban's own poetry by Vitali, Domenico Mazzochi and Kapsberger.
We continue to invest in our proprietary technology in ways that will drive the most benefit to our customers," said Mary Mazzochi, senior vice president and manager of Wells Fargo's Commercial Card product suite.
College of DuPage and District 502 high school leaders are working together to help address growing education gaps, and doing so with visible results," said College of DuPage board Chairman Deanne Mazzochi.
By integrating the MasterCard Payment Gateway we extend the capabilities of our Payment Manager product so that it addresses the entire spectrum of needs our corporate customers face when managing their B2B payments lifecycle," said Mary Mazzochi, senior vice president and manager of Wells Fargo's commercial card product line.
Two Democrats -- Jim Caffrey and Anne Sommerkamp -- are seeking their party's nomination in the March 20 primary election to advance to the November general election to face Republican Deanne Mazzochi for the 47th House District seat in the Illinois House of Representatives.
Jim Caffrey, 52, of Elmhurst and Anne Sommerkamp, 58, of Downers Grove are running in the March 20 primary for the right to oppose Republican Deanne Mazzochi of Elmhurst.
The board's 4-1 vote to terminate him voided the school's $763,000 retirement buyout of Breuder's contract -- a deal approved by the previous board and staunchly opposed by Hamilton and her allies, trustees Charles Bernstein, Deanne Mazzochi and Frank Napolitano.
Deanne Mazzochi, chairman of the College of DuPage board of trustees, said Innovation DuPage will benefit both local and regional economies, which in turn will positively impact the residents of District 502.