McGuinness, Martin(James Martin Pacelli McGuinness), 1950–, Northern Irish political leader. He joined the Irish Republican ArmyIrish Republican Army
(IRA), nationalist organization devoted to the integration of Ireland as a complete and independent unit. Organized by Michael Collins from remnants of rebel units dispersed after the Easter Rebellion in 1916 (see Ireland), it was composed of the more
..... Click the link for more information. (IRA) as a young man and was active in both its regular and provisional wings. He was convicted of membership in the IRA by the Republic of Ireland in 1973 and served a prison term; he claimed to have left the IRA in 1974. A member of Sinn FéinSinn Féin
[Irish,=we, ourselves], Irish nationalist movement. It had its roots in the Irish cultural revival at the end of the 19th cent. and the growing nationalist disenchantment with the constitutional Home Rule movement.
..... Click the link for more information. , McGuinness was elected to the British parliament in 1997 (and 2001, 2005, and 2010), but like other members of the party refused to take his seat; he resigned his seat in 2012. A member of the Northern Irish Assembly since 1998, he has served as minister of education (1999–2002) and deputy first minister (2007–). McGuinness ran unsuccessfully in the Republic of Ireland's presidential election in 2011.