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Meaux(mō), city (1990 pop. 49,409), Seine-et-Marne dept., N France, in BrieBrie
, region, Marne and Seine-et-Marne depts., N France, E of Paris. Rich in wheat and cattle, it is famous for Brie cheese. The smaller section of the region (Brie française) forms part of the Île-de-France and is very fertile.
..... Click the link for more information. , on the Marne River. It is an industrial center where metals, flour, chemicals, and foodstuffs are produced. An episcopal see since the 4th cent., Meaux has a cathedral (13th–14th cent.) that contains the tomb of Bossuet, the city's most famous bishop. In the massacre of Meaux (1358), thousands of peasants who had participated in the JacquerieJacquerie
[Fr.,=collection of Jacques, which is, like Jacques Bonhomme, a nickname for the French peasant], 1358, revolt of the French peasantry. The uprising was in part a reaction to widespread poverty during the Hundred Years War.
..... Click the link for more information. were slain. The World War I Battles of the Marne (1914, 1918) took place near Meaux. The American Monument, a large sculpture (1932) by Frederick MacMonniesMacMonnies, Frederick William
, 1863–1937, American sculptor and painter, b. Brooklyn, N.Y., studied with Augustus Saint-Gaudens and with Falguière in Paris. His fountain for the Court of Honor at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893, brought him fame.
..... Click the link for more information. located in the city, commemorates the first battle; the Museum of the Great War (2011) also is in Meaux.