Johann Friedrich Meckel

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Meckel, Johann Friedrich

 

Born Oct. 17, 1781, in Halle, Saxony; died there Oct. 31, 1833. German biologist.

Meckel studied in Halle, Göttingen, Würzburg, and Vienna. In 1808 he became a professor at Halle. His principal works deal with comparative vertebrate morphology. Meckel was one of the creators of the theory that individual development in extant higher animals passes through stages similar to the adult states of extant lower animals. Meckel described a number of morphological formations, which are named for him. In 1812 he translated into German K. F. Wolffs On the Formation of the Intestinal Tract in the Chick (1768), which advanced the dissemination of his theory of epigenesis.

WORKS

Beiträge zur vergleichenden Anatomic, 2 vols. Leipzig, 1811.
System der vergleichenden Anatomie, 5 vols. Halle, 1821–33.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Colin A Johnson, who led the research, said: "Identifying mutations in this gene that are responsible for Meckel-Gruber syndrome should make screening for this devastating genetic condition far easier.
The findings could help lead to improved screening and treatment for Meckel-Gruber syndrome, saving thousands of parents the heartbreak of losing a child just hours after birth.
She found that a post-mortem had been carried out after he died in 1968 from the rare Meckel-Gruber syndrome.