decision making

(redirected from Medical decision making)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms.

decision making

Making choices. The proper balance of human and machine decision making is an important part of a system's design.

Human Decision Making Is Complex
It is easy to think of automating tasks traditionally performed by people, but it is not that easy to analyze how decisions are made by an experienced, intuitive worker. If an improper analysis of human decision making is made, the wrong decision making may be placed into the machine, which can get buried in documentation that is rarely reviewed. This will become a critical issue as artificial intelligence applications proliferate. See AI.

Algorithmic or Heuristic
From a programming point of view, decision making is performed two ways: algorithmic, a precise set of rules and conditions that never change, or heuristic, a set of rules that may change over time (self-modify) as conditions occur. Heuristic techniques are employed in AI systems.

decision making

the processes by which individuals, or groups and organizations, decide actions or determine policies. Obviously, decision making covers a wide area, involving virtually the whole of human action. Sociologists, psychologists and political scientists, among others, have been interested in decision making in different ways, though there are overlapping interests. These perspectives include: formal analysis of the decision strategies of actors in competitive situations (as in THEORY OF GAMES, and in approaches derived from Economics, e.g. see EXCHANGE THEORY); analysis of decision-making behaviour in the dynamics of small groups (see GROUP DYNAMICS); studies of organizations (see ORGANIZATION THEORY); studies of access to political decision-making (see COMMUNITY POWER).
References in periodicals archive ?
The Foundation for Informed Medical Decision Making believes that informed decision-making is a patient's right and if patients are fully supported in exercising that right, health care costs and over-treatment will decline, while care will be more in line with what patients value.
New patient visits require a history, exam, and medical decision making.
The Foundation for Informed Medical Decision Making is a non-profit organization dedicated to assuring that people understand their healthcare choices and have the information they need to make sound decisions affecting their health and well-being.
Educating consumers about their health care options and choices is an important part of addressing unwarranted variation in health care, a problem Health Dialog has been working to identify and address along with the Foundation for Informed Medical Decision Making since our inception," said George Bennett, Chairman and CEO, Health Dialog.
Sox, MD, MACP, a noted internist, author, teacher, and nationally-renowned expert on medical decision making, will retire as editor of Annals of Internal Medicine, effective July 11.
director of the Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences at the Dartmouth Medical School and cofounder of the Foundation for Informed Medical Decision Making.
Health Dialog's videos and booklets are available across a wide range of chronic and preference-sensitive medical conditions and are developed in collaboration with the Foundation for Informed Medical Decision Making (FIMDM).
Health Dialog's Shared Decision-Making[R] videos, which are part of this library, are based on research from the Foundation for Informed Medical Decision Making (FIMDM), and encourage individuals to take a proactive role in their healthcare so they can make more informed choices with their physicians.
Contract care means working within a shared plan that broadens the base of medical decision making from informed consent to encompass more options.
This funding will support several advances in medical decision making based on research, including a National Academy of Sciences collaborative to develop new approaches to gathering and communicating evidence for clinical decision making, and to researchers assessing the cost and clinical effectiveness of new technologies to treat problems like prostate cancer.
These guidelines will assist us in providing a mechanism to achieve true Continuous Quality Improvement in our medical decision making, and a means to ensure that our admissions are appropriate.

Full browser ?