physician

(redirected from Medical doctors)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.
Related to Medical doctors: Physicians

physician

1. a person legally qualified to practise medicine, esp one specializing in areas of treatment other than surgery; doctor of medicine
2. Archaic any person who treats diseases; healer

Physician

 

a person who has completed a higher medical education or higher veterinary education. (Dentists have a secondary medical education.)

Physicians are trained at higher medical educational institutions. Persons who have graduated from foreign medical schools gain the right to practice medicine in the USSR after passing state examinations and examinations in courses not given in foreign schools. Persons who have practiced medicine as well as those with advanced degrees are allowed to practice without taking examinations by special permission of the Ministry of Health. The physician in a socialist state engages in therapeutic and prophylactic work aimed at improving the environment and the working and living conditions of the people. He is guided by medical ethics, which also includes the concept of a physician’s duty. Working in a medical institution, the physician is obliged to keep medical secrets. His duty is to render first aid. Soviet law stipulates criminal liability for failure to take care of a sick person without valid reasons on the part of individuals required by law to do so (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 128). If medical personnel have not provided the necessary care during performance of their official duties, they are held responsible for malpractice.

Physicians who also engage in private practice must record in special books general information about their patients, as well as the medicine prescribed and treatments given.

Physicians are divided by specialties into internists (for internal diseases), pediatricians (for children’s diseases), surgeons, gynecologists (for women’s diseases), roentgenologists, neurologists (for diseases of the nervous system), psychiatrists (for mental illnesses), dermatovenereologists (for skin and venereal diseases), stomatologists (for diseases of the oral cavity and teeth), otolaryngologists (for diseases of the ear, nose, and throat), phthisiologists (for tuberculosis), oncologists (for tumors), traumatic surgeons (for various injuries), orthopedists (for diseases of the organs of support and motion), and so on.

In the USSR certification is required to ensure the correct utilization of physicians and to improve their qualifications. Qualifications are determined by special committees. The highest qualification is awarded a physician who has had at least ten years of experience in his specialty and who has advanced theoretical and practical training. A physician’s salary depends on his qualifications and length of service.

In capitalist countries medical care is provided chiefly by private practitioners. In a number of countries some forms of medical care are provided free at state-owned medical centers or charitable organizations.

REFERENCES

Artem’ev, F. A. Zakonodatel’stvo po upravleniiu zdarvookhraneniem SSSR. Moscow, 1955.
Semashko, N. A. “Ob etike sovetskogo vracha.” Gigiena i sanitariia, 1945, nos. 1-2.
Gruber, G. B. Arzt und Ethik. Berlin, 1956.

IA. I. RODOV

What does it mean when you dream about a physician?

See Doctor.

physician

[fi′zish·ən]
(medicine)
An individual authorized to practice medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although medical doctors in many countries do not have the economic power to attend luxurious CME activities, they are online for many hours a day and keep in touch with all the new discoveries in their field.
Yet the government subsidizes the vast majority of this cost to train medical doctors in Ghana's medical training centers each year.
Modern lifestyle makers present the image of the good medical doctor as one that stands very far from the majority of medical doctors.
With today's technology and the use of microscopes and fine digital imaging, many medical doctors, naturopaths, and psychologists from England, Germany, Italy, France, United States, Australia, Canada, and Russia have been advancing the field of iris analysis over the past twenty years and have documented seemingly unlimited potential.
Medical doctors need to become better listeners to what patients say so that a better diagnosis of the illness may be made.
Medical doctors had great privacy and autonomy in their practices, and abortions induced in private homes by the woman herself or by a midwife drew little attention.
Many Americans prefer osteopaths to medical doctors and would demand at least one Republican and one Democratic osteopath on the review board, not to mention a couple of third-party chiropractors.
Board certified industrial physicians are medical doctors who have taken hours of specialized training geared to understanding industrial processes, the types of injuries that are more common to the industrial setting, toxicology, etc.
Men finally have a non-invasive solution to increase circulation, and "milk the prostate" to reduce suffering, as recommended by hundreds of medical doctors and health experts.
ISLAMABAD -- Overseas Employment Corporation (OEC), the attached department of Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development will hold interviews of medical doctors for selection of Saudi Arabia on August, 5.