(redirected from Medical doctors)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.
Related to Medical doctors: Physicians


1. a person legally qualified to practise medicine, esp one specializing in areas of treatment other than surgery; doctor of medicine
2. Archaic any person who treats diseases; healer



a person who has completed a higher medical education or higher veterinary education. (Dentists have a secondary medical education.)

Physicians are trained at higher medical educational institutions. Persons who have graduated from foreign medical schools gain the right to practice medicine in the USSR after passing state examinations and examinations in courses not given in foreign schools. Persons who have practiced medicine as well as those with advanced degrees are allowed to practice without taking examinations by special permission of the Ministry of Health. The physician in a socialist state engages in therapeutic and prophylactic work aimed at improving the environment and the working and living conditions of the people. He is guided by medical ethics, which also includes the concept of a physician’s duty. Working in a medical institution, the physician is obliged to keep medical secrets. His duty is to render first aid. Soviet law stipulates criminal liability for failure to take care of a sick person without valid reasons on the part of individuals required by law to do so (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 128). If medical personnel have not provided the necessary care during performance of their official duties, they are held responsible for malpractice.

Physicians who also engage in private practice must record in special books general information about their patients, as well as the medicine prescribed and treatments given.

Physicians are divided by specialties into internists (for internal diseases), pediatricians (for children’s diseases), surgeons, gynecologists (for women’s diseases), roentgenologists, neurologists (for diseases of the nervous system), psychiatrists (for mental illnesses), dermatovenereologists (for skin and venereal diseases), stomatologists (for diseases of the oral cavity and teeth), otolaryngologists (for diseases of the ear, nose, and throat), phthisiologists (for tuberculosis), oncologists (for tumors), traumatic surgeons (for various injuries), orthopedists (for diseases of the organs of support and motion), and so on.

In the USSR certification is required to ensure the correct utilization of physicians and to improve their qualifications. Qualifications are determined by special committees. The highest qualification is awarded a physician who has had at least ten years of experience in his specialty and who has advanced theoretical and practical training. A physician’s salary depends on his qualifications and length of service.

In capitalist countries medical care is provided chiefly by private practitioners. In a number of countries some forms of medical care are provided free at state-owned medical centers or charitable organizations.


Artem’ev, F. A. Zakonodatel’stvo po upravleniiu zdarvookhraneniem SSSR. Moscow, 1955.
Semashko, N. A. “Ob etike sovetskogo vracha.” Gigiena i sanitariia, 1945, nos. 1-2.
Gruber, G. B. Arzt und Ethik. Berlin, 1956.


What does it mean when you dream about a physician?

See Doctor.


An individual authorized to practice medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although medical doctors in many countries do not have the economic power to attend luxurious CME activities, they are online for many hours a day and keep in touch with all the new discoveries in their field.
Medical doctors offer knowledge, skills, and psychological support at one time.
It was a conspiracy combining the medical doctors at Trigon and the medical doctors appointed by and representing the medical trade associations of Virginia.
In February 16 letters to Texas Representatives Ciro Rodriguez and Silvestre Reyes, seven medical doctors -- along with chiropractors and other representatives of the Texas Back Institute -- urge the legislators to "contact the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) and insist that they agree to implement the American Chiropractic Association and the Association of Chiropractic Colleges recommendations with respect to DVA's new policy on chiropractic.
While Western medical doctors have been slow to embrace it, a growing body of medical evidence seems to show that the ancient art works, at least for some conditions.
Court of Appeals has reversed a lower court decision allowing medical doctors and osteopaths to perform "manual manipulation of the spine to correct a subluxation" on Medicare beneficiaries, paving the way for chiropractors to pursue further hearings on the issue under a new administrative review process enacted in 2003.
MEDTALK, utilizing AT&T's MultiQuest(R) Express900 Service, provides the general public with an opportunity to speak directly with experienced medical doctors 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Alternative-health practitioners, consumers - and many medical doctors - say that herbs, vitamins and minerals can stave off cold and flu symptoms.
Soon after, the medical doctors assembled a team of 30 writers, computer programmers, graphic designers and renderers to help develop their first game, Shattered Steel.
Lisa, who said that when measured with international standard the Medical Doctors produced in Eritrea are competitive, further expressed confidence that the investment being made by the Government to construct medical facilities and introduce modern equipment would play substantial role in nurturing a healthy society.
To summarize, this survey shows that New Mexicans are confused about which type of eye care professionals are actual medical doctors and they feel very strongly that non-MD's should not be operating on their eyes," said Kathleen Blake, MD, president of the New Mexico Medical Society.