medicalization

(redirected from Medicalisation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.
Related to Medicalisation: medicalizing

medicalization

  1. (in a medical context) the extension of medical authority into areas where lay and common-sense understandings and procedures once predominated, e.g. childbirth, where a medical frame of reference devalues the woman's perspective by stressing active management by professionals in order to minimize risk to mother and child at the same time as evaluating the success of the outcome by, mainly, technical criteria.
  2. (more generally) the tendency to view undesirable conduct as illness requiring medical intervention, thus extending the realm of medical judgements into political, moral and social domains.
The concept has been criticized for presenting medicine as a unitary institution, for presenting lay and medical frames of reference as mutually exclusive, and for stressing the social control dimension of medicine without acknowledging the social value of medical work. It is regarded as a valuable concept because it focuses on issues of professional power and ideological domination. See also SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE.
References in periodicals archive ?
In an interesting and important article Wieteke van Dijk and colleagues argue that societal developments and values influence the practice of medicine, and thus can result in both medicalisation and overdiagnosis.
Zero or scant medicalisation, meaning a predominant focus on psychological aspects.
326-327)--meme si une telle medicalisation ne fait pas l'unanimite, et est deja recusee par un de Gerando, par exemple (p.
The author's foreword and conclusion provide a useful (although arguably not impartial) overview of some of the current theoretical debates on the issue for anybody interested in this topic, as well as broader issues such as medicalisation of pregnancy and disability rights.
I think birth has become too medical, it's the over medicalisation of a natural process," said Diane.
Neither was there any significant coverage of the four debates I had in the past 12 months on disease mongering, the medicalisation of society and the over- and mis- prescription of dangerous drugs.
SINCE corporal punishment was scrapped in state schools, we have seen medicalisation of misbehaviour.
Michael Odent called The Farmer and the Obstetrician which is a wake up call about society's medicalisation of childbirth.
For, while this book is an undoubted tour de force that interprets and synthesises a wide range of material on the medicalisation of homosexuality, Terry never takes her eye off her political agenda, thus seriously weakening the work's worth.
They want to read, not about the politics of the Olympics or the great communications corporation tie-ups, but about the world as it is encountered: a world increasingly dominated by single people; by later child-rearing, one-child families; a world of increased medicalisation, travel, spiritual search; a world of cultural self-fashioning, but also a world of increased ethical awareness that is not yet connected to a politics that anyone can believe in.
Janine Smith's contribution, `Shifts in Community Health Care', deals sensitively with the issues surrounding the medicalisation of community health.
et a l'acceleration du processus de medicalisation de l'ensemble des activites hospitalieres (renforcement du pouvoir medical, dietetique, horaire des visites, calendrier des interventions chirurgicales, etc.

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