Medici, Cosimo II de'

Medici, Cosimo II de',

1590–1621, grand duke of Tuscany (1609–21); son and successor of Ferdinand I de' MediciMedici, Ferdinand I de',
1549–1609, grand duke of Tuscany (1587–1609); brother and successor of Francesco de' Medici. He was made a cardinal in his youth, and he built the famous Villa Medici at Rome.
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. Although Cosimo played a role in the War of the Mantuan Succession, he generally avoided intervention in foreign affairs; in domestic policy he was less energetic than his father, particularly in economic matters, but he maintained a large fleet. He was a patron of Galileo, whom he appointed court philosopher and mathematician. His son, Ferdinand II de' MediciMedici, Ferdinand II de',
1610–70, grand duke of Tuscany (1620–70); son and successor of Cosimo II de' Medici. A pupil of Galileo, he founded (1657) the Accademia del Cimento, the first European academy of natural sciences.
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, succeeded him.
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