Mediterranean Climate

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Mediterranean climate

[‚med·ə·tə′rā·nē·ən ′klī·mət]
A type of climate characterized by hot, dry, sunny summers and a winter rainy season; basically, this is the opposite of a monsoon climate. Also known as etesian climate.

Mediterranean Climate


a subtropical climate with hot dry summers and mild rainy winters. It occurs in the countries of the Mediterranean region; in the USSR such a climate is found on the Southern Crimean Shore and along the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus northwest of Tuapse. Variations of the Mediterranean climate are observed in the subtropical latitudes along the Pacific coast of North and South America, in southwestern Africa, and in Australia.

Regions with a Mediterranean climate come under the dominant influence of subtropical anticyclones in the summer and experience strong cyclonic activity in winter. In most of the Mediterranean the mean monthly temperature is 20°–25°C in summer and 5°–12°C in winter. The annual precipitation is usually 400–600 mm (more than 1,000 mm in places in the mountains), with the minimum occurring in summer, a time of drought. A permanent snow cover never forms. Owing to greater oceanic influence, the Mediterranean climate in southwestern Africa, the Americas, and Australia is marked by cooler summers (15°–20°C) and milder winters (10°–15°C). In the eastern and southern Mediterranean there is a continental variant of the Mediterranean climate with less precipitation (up to 100–200 mm a year). The Southwest Asian Highlands have a cold winter. The natural vegetation in regions with a Mediterranean climate consists of many drought-resistant species, including evergreen trees and shrubs.


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CBS simply does not thrive in areas with a Mediterranean climate.
Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Sept 12 (ONA) Al Jabal Al Akhdar, for its unique climate, similar to the Mediterranean climate, has various plants and high quality of its crops.
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Such a degree of warming would have a dramatic effect, turning already hot regions of the world into drought-ridden dust-bowls and bringing a Mediterranean climate to temperate zones.
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Malta has all a Mediterranean climate can offer, with English-speaking inhabitants who look Italian.
In this warm, Mediterranean climate, Zinfandel, Syrah, and Petite Sirah flourish, while Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot prevail in southern Ukiah Valley.
The warm-temperate biome will feature grow plants and trees from the Mediterranean climate, including oranges, olives and grape vines.
The region is renowned for its fertile soils, Mediterranean climate, and long history of premium grape growing.
Kalin said, "Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan will pay a visit to Greece next week to attend Mediterranean Climate Summit.
The second biome will house a Mediterranean climate, while outside there will be a 20-acre temperate zone.
Four main lines of research are conducted at the Centre: initiatives for the European Thematic Centre, research on the global and Mediterranean climate, research on marine biodiversity,and monitoring and research of the marine coastal environment.

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