Mediterranean Climate

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Mediterranean climate

[‚med·ə·tə′rā·nē·ən ′klī·mət]
(climatology)
A type of climate characterized by hot, dry, sunny summers and a winter rainy season; basically, this is the opposite of a monsoon climate. Also known as etesian climate.

Mediterranean Climate

 

a subtropical climate with hot dry summers and mild rainy winters. It occurs in the countries of the Mediterranean region; in the USSR such a climate is found on the Southern Crimean Shore and along the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus northwest of Tuapse. Variations of the Mediterranean climate are observed in the subtropical latitudes along the Pacific coast of North and South America, in southwestern Africa, and in Australia.

Regions with a Mediterranean climate come under the dominant influence of subtropical anticyclones in the summer and experience strong cyclonic activity in winter. In most of the Mediterranean the mean monthly temperature is 20°–25°C in summer and 5°–12°C in winter. The annual precipitation is usually 400–600 mm (more than 1,000 mm in places in the mountains), with the minimum occurring in summer, a time of drought. A permanent snow cover never forms. Owing to greater oceanic influence, the Mediterranean climate in southwestern Africa, the Americas, and Australia is marked by cooler summers (15°–20°C) and milder winters (10°–15°C). In the eastern and southern Mediterranean there is a continental variant of the Mediterranean climate with less precipitation (up to 100–200 mm a year). The Southwest Asian Highlands have a cold winter. The natural vegetation in regions with a Mediterranean climate consists of many drought-resistant species, including evergreen trees and shrubs.

S. P. KHROMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Research by Merenlender and her collaborators has helped to transform the practice of stream restoration in Mediterranean climates.
Expected results: The demonstration of the suitability of an innovative technology for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions relating to the management of residual LFG with low calorific value; Implementation of two pilot biofiltration systems to demonstrate the efficacy of microbial CH4 oxidation in Mediterranean climates, with an expected CH4 mitigation efficiency of 90% and reductions of about 29 tons of CH4 emitted per year corresponding to 800 tons of CO2 equivalent emissions; Testing of the efficiency of the pilot systems for the mitigation of NMVOCs and odorous emissions (H2S) through at least four monitoring campaigns of these compounds and the analysis of their concentrations in the input and output LFG flows; Assessment of the
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In a climate like the eastern United States, energy production may not operate at the maximal rate for longer times of the day than Mediterranean climates, but with higher humidity, the slightly lesser intensity of the sun should let the net carbohydrate production be at least close, if not slightly ahead, of vineyards in a Mediterranean climate.
Mediterranean climates - characterized by warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters - are extremely rare, found on only 2 percent of the Earth's land surface: portions of California/Baja California, South Africa, Australia, Chile, and the Mediterranean Basin.
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Winter weary staff at Tyneside supermarkets are jetting off to warmer Mediterranean climates, thanks to a special company deal.
In summer, areas with Mediterranean climates show hot dry conditions like those that prevail in the neighboring subtropical deserts.

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