Mediterranean Climate

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Mediterranean climate

[‚med·ə·tə′rā·nē·ən ′klī·mət]
(climatology)
A type of climate characterized by hot, dry, sunny summers and a winter rainy season; basically, this is the opposite of a monsoon climate. Also known as etesian climate.

Mediterranean Climate

 

a subtropical climate with hot dry summers and mild rainy winters. It occurs in the countries of the Mediterranean region; in the USSR such a climate is found on the Southern Crimean Shore and along the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus northwest of Tuapse. Variations of the Mediterranean climate are observed in the subtropical latitudes along the Pacific coast of North and South America, in southwestern Africa, and in Australia.

Regions with a Mediterranean climate come under the dominant influence of subtropical anticyclones in the summer and experience strong cyclonic activity in winter. In most of the Mediterranean the mean monthly temperature is 20°–25°C in summer and 5°–12°C in winter. The annual precipitation is usually 400–600 mm (more than 1,000 mm in places in the mountains), with the minimum occurring in summer, a time of drought. A permanent snow cover never forms. Owing to greater oceanic influence, the Mediterranean climate in southwestern Africa, the Americas, and Australia is marked by cooler summers (15°–20°C) and milder winters (10°–15°C). In the eastern and southern Mediterranean there is a continental variant of the Mediterranean climate with less precipitation (up to 100–200 mm a year). The Southwest Asian Highlands have a cold winter. The natural vegetation in regions with a Mediterranean climate consists of many drought-resistant species, including evergreen trees and shrubs.

S. P. KHROMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The Mediterranean and Aegean coasts have typical Mediterranean climates, with long hot dry summers and cold winters.
In light of this, plants from Mediterranean climates may not always manage to perform to their best and in some cases, will not perform at all, whereas plants that originate from cooler, wetter climates will thrive.
Mediterranean climates - characterized by warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters - are extremely rare, found on only 2 percent of the Earth's land surface: portions of California/Baja California, South Africa, Australia, Chile, and the Mediterranean Basin.
A ADRIENNE SAYS: Silver-leaved perennial plants such as lavender (left) that come from drier, Mediterranean climates can't always cope with the irregular freezing and thawing and constant rain we get during our winters.
You don't need Mediterranean climates to enjoy mouth- watering peaches in summer.
Winter-blooming plants native to Mediterranean climates, such as South Africa's and our own, require dry summers to flower at full capacity.
Winter weary staff at Tyneside supermarkets are jetting off to warmer Mediterranean climates, thanks to a special company deal.
Woods and lakes began to be restored, new eco-systems to demonstrate the wealth of native Welsh flora were planned, and an ambitious research programme into the flora of Mediterranean climates was set in train.
Now, winemakers are realizing that California is better suited to grape varieties that prosper in warm, Mediterranean climates rather than those from cooler continental climates.
Big pots as quick and colorful summer showoffs When in drought, do as gardeners in Mediterranean climates have always done--let the edges go a bit, and focus your effort and water on a few big show plants in pots.
Easy bulbs like freesia, ixia, watsonia or nerine are developed in Mediterranean climates and will come back year after year and require almost no care.

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