Mediterranean fruit fly


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Mediterranean fruit fly:

see fruit flyfruit fly,
common name for any of the flies of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insects that lay their eggs in various plant tissues.
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Mediterranean Fruit Fly

 

(Ceratias capitata), an insect of the family Trypetidae, a dangerous crop pest. The body is 4.5 mm long. The mottled wings are marked with dark noncontinuous bands. The Mediterranean fruit fly is common in many countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas, Australia, and Oceania. It does not occur in the USSR, but it is an object of quarantine, since its larvae are easily transported with various fruits. The fly is polyphagous, damaging more than 70 plant species (for example, apricot, peach, orange, mandarin, apple, pear, grape, and tomato). The female deposits eggs on the skin of ripe fruit; the larvae hatch one or two days later and feed on the fruit for two to three weeks, causing it to rot. The number of generations varies with climatic conditions. Quarantine measures in the USSR and other countries that import citrus fruits largely consist of limiting imports to the winter and disinfecting fruits by heat or chemical agents.

References in periodicals archive ?
The mating competitiveness and quality control of the laboratory reared Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann).
Sterile Insect Technique and Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): Assessing the Utility of Aromatherapy in a Hawaiian Coffee Field.
Males of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, produce an array of stimuli that the female can detect before accepting or rejecting the male.
As early as 1929, the Mediterranean fruit fly -- Ceratitis capitata -- had made its mark in fruit orchards in Florida.
Local experts have successfully reduced damage to orchards caused by the Mediterranean fruit fly in the Jordan Valley thanks to the use of the nuclear-based sterile insect technique (SIT) a form of birth control for flies.
In brief, he plans to use sexually sterile fruit flies, such as the Mediterranean fruit fly, as winged carriers of a nettle moth pheromone.
Hunter recently detected a bag of cherries infested with Mediterranean fruit fly larvae.
Scientists have successfully altered the genetic makeup of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), which destroys fruit and coffee crops worldwide, report Thanasis G.
citrus marketers will be able to sell their American-grown fruit in the huge markets of the People's Republic of China since 1980 when American citrus was quarantined because of Mediterranean fruit fly infestations.
Until 2009, malathion was commonly used in Israel to control the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), in citrus orchards, and was applied mainly by aerial, ultra-low volume spraying (Rossler 1989).
After suspecting the passengers fruit might be infected with a dangerous pest, agriculture specialists proceeded to analyze the figs and upon further examination found two live larvae which were later identified as Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Tephritidae) or Mediterranean fruit fly.

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