Mediterranean fruit fly


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Mediterranean fruit fly:

see fruit flyfruit fly,
common name for any of the flies of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insects that lay their eggs in various plant tissues.
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Mediterranean Fruit Fly

 

(Ceratias capitata), an insect of the family Trypetidae, a dangerous crop pest. The body is 4.5 mm long. The mottled wings are marked with dark noncontinuous bands. The Mediterranean fruit fly is common in many countries of Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas, Australia, and Oceania. It does not occur in the USSR, but it is an object of quarantine, since its larvae are easily transported with various fruits. The fly is polyphagous, damaging more than 70 plant species (for example, apricot, peach, orange, mandarin, apple, pear, grape, and tomato). The female deposits eggs on the skin of ripe fruit; the larvae hatch one or two days later and feed on the fruit for two to three weeks, causing it to rot. The number of generations varies with climatic conditions. Quarantine measures in the USSR and other countries that import citrus fruits largely consist of limiting imports to the winter and disinfecting fruits by heat or chemical agents.

References in periodicals archive ?
The current pest status of the Mediterranean fruit fly in Mexico is "Absent" with the pest having been eradicated in 1982, and surveillance based on regular servicing 24,760 medfly traps (14,710 in Chiapas and 10,050 in the rest of Mexico) country-wide confirming continued pest absence.
Systems to monitor and suppress Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) populations.
The Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) invasion on California deepens: Response to an alternative explanation for recurring.
As early as 1929, the Mediterranean fruit fly -- Ceratitis capitata -- had made its mark in fruit orchards in Florida.
Other destructive insects introduced into the United States include the Asian long-horned beetle, the Gypsy moth, red imported fire ants, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Japanese pine beetles, and the Pine shoot beetle.
Mass trapping strategies have been developed for control the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), and have attracted interest due to their efficacy, specificity and low environmental impact (Navarro-Llopis et al.
The Mediterranean fruit fly or med fly is considered to be one of the world s most destructive pests, particularly in regards to agriculture.
In brief, he plans to use sexually sterile fruit flies, such as the Mediterranean fruit fly, as winged carriers of a nettle moth pheromone.
Hunter recently detected a bag of cherries infested with Mediterranean fruit fly larvae.
Scientists have successfully altered the genetic makeup of the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), which destroys fruit and coffee crops worldwide, report Thanasis G.
citrus marketers will be able to sell their American-grown fruit in the huge markets of the People's Republic of China since 1980 when American citrus was quarantined because of Mediterranean fruit fly infestations.
Sterile insect technology (SIT) has been used with great success here and worldwide to combat Mediterranean fruit fly, but this is a first for the development of male-only sterile Q-flies.

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