Meech Lake Accord


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Meech Lake Accord,

set of constitutional reforms designed to induce Quebec to accept the Canada ActCanada Act,
also called the Constitutional Act of 1982, which made Canada a fully sovereign state. The British Parliament approved it on Mar. 25, 1982, and Queen Elizabeth II proclaimed it on Apr. 17, 1982.
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. The Accord's five basic points, proposed by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa, include a guarantee of Quebec's special status as a "distinct society" and a commitment to Canada's linguistic duality. Other provisions increase provincial powers in immigration, provide for provincial input in appointing supreme court judges, restrict federal spending power, and restore the provincial right to constitutional veto. Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and all the provincial premiers agreed to the Accord on Apr. 30, 1987, though strong doubts were expressed by the premiers of Ontario and Manitoba, and by several women's and Native American rights groups. The Accord died on June 22, 1990, when Newfoundland and Manitoba failed to approve it, leading many Quebeckers to reconsider independence (see Bouchard, LucienBouchard, Lucien
, 1938–, French-Canadian separatist leader, b. Quebec. A lawyer and a political ally of Brian Mulroney, Bouchard served under him as Canada's ambassador to France (1985–88) and environment minister (1989–90).
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).
References in periodicals archive ?
This inevitably leads one to ask whether or not the furore over the Meech Lake Accord might have been a lot of sound and fury signifying, perhaps, a failure of imagination and tolerance.
44) The Meech Lake Accord was essentially a political settlement without any legal bite, so far as I was concerned, and it was defeated purely for political reasons that had nothing to do with its merit.
The Meech Lake Accord failed to recognize aboriginal rights.
New Brunswick had proposed an amendment establishing equal status, rights, and privileges for the English and French linguistic communities in New Brunswick, which would have been included in a companion agreement to the Meech Lake Accord had that initiative succeeded.
Although it occurred after the deadline for ratification of the Meech Lake Accord had passed, another key event of that summer of 1990 involving Indigenous resistance to colonialism also had a profound effect on Canadian politics in the 1990s.
lust after aboriginal peoples had played a prominent role in the demise of the Meech Lake accord, Canadians watched the 1990 standoff at Oka and knew that a new political challenge was arising.
Prime Minister Brian Mulroney (1984-93) tried to secure special status for Quebec through the Meech Lake Accord and then the Charlottetown Accord.
He served with AMC until 1997 and during that time gained national prominence for his stance on the Meech Lake Accord, which, in part, resulted in its defeat.
Served on Senate task force on the Meech Lake Accord.
This led to the subsequent constitutional efforts: the inconclusive First Ministers Conferences with Aboriginal leaders, the defeat of the Meech Lake Accord designed to accommodate Quebec, and the referendum defeat of the Charlottetown Accord designed to accommodate everyone.
Harper became a hero to the aboriginal people when, in 1990, he brandished an eagle feather in the Manitoba provincial legislature and blocked the ratification of the Meech Lake Accord on Canada's constitution, on the grounds that it did not allow for adequate participation by aboriginal people.
His term has seen the Oka crisis, the failure of the Meech Lake Accord and the Charlotte-town Agreement, road blockages and demonstrations.