Megara

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Mégara

(mĕ`gərə, –gärä), town (1991 pop. 25,061), E central Greece, on the Saronic Gulf. Wine, olive oil, and flour are produced. It is the site of the ancient town of Mégara, the capital of Mégaris, a small district between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf. The DoriansDorians,
people of ancient Greece. Their name was mythologically derived from Dorus, son of Hellen. Originating in the northwestern mountainous region of Epirus and SW Macedonia, they migrated through central Greece and into the Peloponnesus probably between 1100 and 950 B.C.
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 who succeeded the earliest known inhabitants made Mégara a wealthy city by means of maritime trade, and they founded many colonies, including, in the 7th cent. B.C., Chalcedon and Byzantium. After the Persian Wars the citizens of Mégara summoned the aid of Athens against Corinth (459 B.C.), but soon thereafter expelled the Athenians. The mathematician Euclid was probably born in Mégara.

Megara

 

ancient Greek polis on the isthmus of Corinth; center region of the district of Megaris.

In the eighth and seventh centuries B.C., Megara was an important center of trade and crafts; it founded many colonies, including Byzantium, Chalcedon, and Heraclea Pontica. It was part of the Peloponnesian League from the late sixth through early fourth centuries (except in 460-446, when it was a member of the League of Delos). Megara took part in the wars between Greece and Persia and the Peloponnesian War. A clash between Megara and Athens was one of the causes of the latter war. Megara’s role in Hellenistic and Roman times was insignificant.

Megara

a town in E central Greece: an ancient trading city, founding many colonies in the 7th and 8th centuries bc. Pop.: 26 562 (1991 est.)