Mahdi

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Mahdi

(mä`dē) [Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam. The Mahdi will be preceded by al-Dajjal, a Muslim antichrist, who will be slain by Jesus. This belief is not rooted in the Qur'an but has its origins in Jewish ideas about the Messiah and in the Christian belief of the second coming of Jesus. Among the ShiitesShiites
[Arab., shiat Ali,=the party of Ali], the second largest branch of Islam, Shiites currently account for 10%–15% of all Muslims. Shiite Islam originated as a political movement supporting Ali (cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam) as the
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 the concept of the Mahdi takes a different form (see imamimam
[Arab.,=leader], in Islam, a recognized leader or a religious teacher. Among the Sunni the term refers to the leader in the Friday prayer at the mosque; any pious Muslim may function as imam.
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).

In the history of Islam, many men have arisen who claimed to be the Mahdi. They usually appeared as reformers antagonistic to established authority. The best known of these in the West was Muhammad Ahmad, 1844–85, a Muslim religious leader in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. He declared himself in 1881 to be the Mahdi and led a war of liberation from the oppressive Egyptian military occupation. He died soon after capturing Khartoum. In his reform of Islam the Mahdi forbade the pilgrimage to Mecca and substituted the obligation to serve in the holy war against unbelievers. His followers, known as Mahdists, for a time made pilgrimages to his tomb at Omdurman. The final defeat of the Mahdists in 1898 at Omdurman by an Anglo-Egyptian army under Lord KitchenerKitchener, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl
, 1850–1916, British field marshal and statesman. Trained at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich (1868–70), he had a brief period of service in the French army
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 gave Great Britain control of Sudan.

Bibliography

See P. M. Holt, The Mahdist State in the Sudan (2d ed. 1970).

Mahdi

 

the Muslim messiah or savior.

Among the Shiites, the Mahdi is the “hidden” imam. The teachings about the Mahdi attracted the oppressed and exploited masses who believed that the Mahdi would appear before the end of the world and would restore justice on earth. In medieval and modern times, belief in the Mahdi has been widespread in antifeudal and national liberation movements.

Mahdi

1. the title assumed by Mohammed Ahmed. ?1843--85, Sudanese military leader, who led a revolt against Egypt (1881) and captured Khartoum (1885)
2. Islam any of a number of Muslim messiahs expected to forcibly convert all mankind to Islam
References in periodicals archive ?
Later he was trained by Mehdi Hassan, who also renamed him as Pervez Mehdi.
Once we receive it, we will file the chargesheet against Mehdi," said Bengaluru Deputy Commissioner of Police ( Crime) P.
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Solim said Salman Farsi told: prophet (p) said: people won't I inform you about Mehdi (p) they said: yes, prophet said: you should know god create a fair king in my society which create peace and fair as world is fall brutality.
It is mentioned that MPs of (Muttahidoon and Kurdistan Alliance) blocs withdrew from the parliamentary session after sworn and after being adjourned by, the eldest MP, Mehdi al-Hafez for a break for half an hour.
Syed Mehdi Shah said he had to agree to marry the girl against a sum of Rs 100,000, adding that he needed the money to meet the expenses of the construction of a room in his small house.
The solar panels produce 100 per cent of the electricity for the greenhouse," Mr Mehdi told the GDN.
BAGHDAD/ Aswat al-Iraq: Interior Ministry sources reported that 3 members of Sadrist Mehdi Army were wounded in internal clashes with Asa'ib al-Haq militia.
Mehdi Karasane's parents have joined his wife and three brothers by his bed at Abu Dhabi's Al Rahba hospital, where Mehdi is in a medically-induced coma in the intensive care unit.
L'ancien entraineur de la selection nationale de football Mehdi Faria est decede, mardi a Rabat, a l'age de 80 ans suite a une longue maladie.
STEVE LOMAS hopes he can fend off competition from Ross County to bring loan star Mehdi Abeid back to St Johnstone next season.