Melaka


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Melaka

or

Malacca

(both: məlăk`ə), state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Formerly one of the Straits SettlementsStraits Settlements,
collective name for certain former British colonies in Southeast Asia. The three British East India Company territories of Pinang, Singapore, and Malacca (see Melaka) were given a unified administration in 1826 and called the Straits Settlements.
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, it was constituted a state of Malaya in 1957 (see MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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). Nearly half the population are Malay; about two fifths are Chinese. The capital, on the strait, is the historic city of Melaka or Malacca (1991 pop. 112,873). Until the 17th cent., Malacca was one of the leading commercial centers of SE Asia. It was founded c.1400 by a Malay prince who had been driven from Singapore after a brief reign there. The city quickly gained wealth as a center of trade with China, Indonesia, India, and the Middle East. Its sultans, aided by the decline of the Madjapahit empire of Java and by the friendship of China, extended their power over the nearby coast of Sumatra and over the Malay Peninsula as far north as Kedah and Pattani. More importantly, Gujarati traders introduced Islam to the Malay world through Malacca. In 1511, Malacca was captured by the Portuguese under Alfonso de Albuquerque. The sultan fled first to Pahang and then to JohorJohor
or Johore
, state (1991 pop. 2,074,297), 7,360 sq mi (19,062 sq km), at the southern extremity of the Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, opposite Singapore. It is largely covered with rain forests and swamps.
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. In the mid-16th cent. St. Francis Xavier preached in Malacca. Portugal's control was frequently contested by Aceh and Johor. In the early 17th cent. the Dutch entered the region, allied themselves with Johor, and captured Malacca in 1641 after a long siege. They utilized the city more as a fortress guarding the strait than as a trading port. The Dutch retained nominal control until 1824, although during the wars of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic period (1795–1818) the British occupied Malacca at the request of the Dutch government-in-exile. In 1824 the Dutch formally transferred Malacca to Great Britain. The modern city, of slight economic importance, retains traces of its past in its Portuguese and Dutch buildings and Portuguese-Eurasian community. The majority of the city's inhabitants are Chinese, who have acquired many Malay customs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The landscape around the mosque is based on the concept of "Mosque in a Garden" that gives peace and tranquility to visitors, officers at Mesjid Selat Melaka said.
In reality the practitioners of Malay cultural heritage product in Melaka in preserving the old tradition has been outnumbered by their counterparts.
Appreciation also goes to the contributions of our medical staff at Melaka General Hospital.
As all that was going on in Melaka however, Oman were busy hammering India 4-0 to move into third place in Group A on 10 points, thus formally ending Bahrain's participation in the competition.
Islam came to the people of the Malay Peninsula through the trading port of Melaka by traders and sailors from Arabia and India in the early days of Islam, perhaps as early as the seventh century.
reported the isolation of Melaka virus, a novel fusogenic reovirus of bat origin, which has been associated with acute respiratory illness in humans (3).
MORE than 113,000 emails have been sent to officials in Malyasia protesting at the cruel treatment of orangutans in Melaka Zoo.
KUALA LUMPUR MELAKA & PENANG (9781741792164, $22.
said Tuesday it will temporarily halt production at its plant in Melaka state due to a parts shortage caused by flooding in Thailand.
Lee, Malaysian Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib, SunPower CEO Tom Werner, and Melaka Chief Minister Datuk Seri Ali Rustam.
KARACHI, November 26, 2010 (Balochistan Times): A Melaka Food and Cultural Week began at a hotel here.
at the conclusion of the 15th General Assembly held in Melaka, Malaysia with the participation of the National Syrian Students Union's delegation, the International Youth Assembly underlined in its political declaration that the Israeli occupation for the Arab territories is illegal, adding that it is the main reason for instability in the Middle East.