Melaka


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Melaka

or

Malacca

(both: məlăk`ə), state (1991 pop. 504,502), 640 sq mi (1,658 sq km), Malaysia, S Malay Peninsula, on the Strait of Malacca. Formerly one of the Straits SettlementsStraits Settlements,
collective name for certain former British colonies in Southeast Asia. The three British East India Company territories of Pinang, Singapore, and Malacca (see Melaka) were given a unified administration in 1826 and called the Straits Settlements.
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, it was constituted a state of Malaya in 1957 (see MalaysiaMalaysia
, independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital.
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). Nearly half the population are Malay; about two fifths are Chinese. The capital, on the strait, is the historic city of Melaka or Malacca (1991 pop. 112,873). Until the 17th cent., Malacca was one of the leading commercial centers of SE Asia. It was founded c.1400 by a Malay prince who had been driven from Singapore after a brief reign there. The city quickly gained wealth as a center of trade with China, Indonesia, India, and the Middle East. Its sultans, aided by the decline of the Madjapahit empire of Java and by the friendship of China, extended their power over the nearby coast of Sumatra and over the Malay Peninsula as far north as Kedah and Pattani. More importantly, Gujarati traders introduced Islam to the Malay world through Malacca. In 1511, Malacca was captured by the Portuguese under Alfonso de Albuquerque. The sultan fled first to Pahang and then to JohorJohor
or Johore
, state (1991 pop. 2,074,297), 7,360 sq mi (19,062 sq km), at the southern extremity of the Malay Peninsula, Malaysia, opposite Singapore. It is largely covered with rain forests and swamps.
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. In the mid-16th cent. St. Francis Xavier preached in Malacca. Portugal's control was frequently contested by Aceh and Johor. In the early 17th cent. the Dutch entered the region, allied themselves with Johor, and captured Malacca in 1641 after a long siege. They utilized the city more as a fortress guarding the strait than as a trading port. The Dutch retained nominal control until 1824, although during the wars of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic period (1795–1818) the British occupied Malacca at the request of the Dutch government-in-exile. In 1824 the Dutch formally transferred Malacca to Great Britain. The modern city, of slight economic importance, retains traces of its past in its Portuguese and Dutch buildings and Portuguese-Eurasian community. The majority of the city's inhabitants are Chinese, who have acquired many Malay customs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most retirees gravitate to the larger, more developed areas such as Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Melaka, Johor and Ipoh where the local populations are welcoming, well-educated and speak good English.
WeR1 is honoured to partner the Singapore Exchange in hosting senior executives from Johor and Melaka, as well as from Astaka Holdings and Hatten Land, for this seminar to update Singapore's investment community.
5) These commanded an attack on Melaka that would dislodge the Portuguese as its master.
We are pleased with the successful landing of the SEA-ME-WE 5 Cable System at Melaka, achieving yet another important milestone towards completing the construction of this significant project," said Mr.
This community initiative also known as Christmas Wish Tree campaign launched on 1st December where 48 children and young adults, aged three to 23, had earlier written down their wish gift which were then hung on a Christmas tree at the lobby of Philea Resort and Spa, Melaka.
The present city of Melaka owes its existence to the rise of the port of Melaka in the fifteenth century.
Standing on Pulau Melaka, the man-made island above the Straits of Malacca, the longest and the busiest water passage in the world, the mosque jutting into the waters seems, especially when the tide is high, to be floating in the calm and tranquil sea.
In Melaka state particularly there are increasing number food premises that have started to seek for Halal Certification.
This project is funded by Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka under the grants PJP/2013/FKM(5B)/S01164 and PJP/2013/FKM/PROTOTAIP/S01287.
The bank has launched two new Shariah-compliant banking products for clients looking to purchase properties in Johor, Melaka, Kuala Lumpur and Penang.
There are thirteen states in Malaysia: Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, and Terengganu.
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal, Manipal University