Philipp Melanchthon

(redirected from Melanchton)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Philipp Melanchthon
Philipp Schwartzerdt
Birthday
BirthplaceBretten, near Karlsruhe
Died
Occupation
Theologian, professor

Melanchthon, Philipp

 

(Greek name of P. Schwartzerd). Born Feb. 16, 1497, in Bretten, Baden; died Apr. 19, 1560, in Wittenberg. German humanist and theologian; a leader of the Lutheran Reformation (the moderate burgher wing). Son of a gunsmith.

In 1518, Melanchthon was appointed professor of Greek at the University of Wittenberg, where he became Luther’s closest companion and friend. Melanchthon was an ardent opponent of the Peasant War of 1524–26; he likewise opposed T. Miintzer, and the Anabaptists. As a theorist of Lutheranism, he generalized the principles of Lutheran theology. (He compiled the Loci communes rerum theologicarum, 1521, and the Augsburg Confession, 1530.) After Luther died in 1546, Melanchthon became the head of Lutheranism. He was the author of many pedagogical essays and textbooks, and he was involved in the reorganization of the school and university systems in Saxony and other areas of Germany and the propagation of a classical education (for which he was called Praeceptor Germaniae, “the teacher of Germany”); in education, however, he subordinated humanist ideals to the interests of the Lutheran Church and the princes.

WORKS

Werke in Auswahl, vols. 1–7. Edited by R. Stupperich. Giitersloh, 1951–71.

REFERENCES

Stupperich, R. Melanchthon. Berlin, 1960.
Stern, L. P. Melanchthon: Humanist, Reformator, Praeceptor Germaniae. Halle, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Melanchton supo mostrarse acomodaticio a las circunstancias, evitando afirmaciones luteranas radicales, como lasque niegan la transustanciacion, la existencia del purgatorio, el libre arbitrio o el sacerdocio ministerial.
In particular, Melanchton seemed amenable to the idea of listing confession as its own sacrament.
Despite later differences between Luther and Melanchton, the two men seemed to be in general agreement in the 1520's and early 1530's.
Melanchton had a strong influence and his Confessio fidei Aagustana (1530) was soon accepted in Hungary, but around the mid 16th century, the Confession by Calvin-Bullinger had a stronger influence among the Hungarian speaking population, mainly in the Eastern region and in Transylvania.
Meme la, Esprinchard arrivait prevenu: la petite ville de Saxe avait aussi sa tradition litteraire qui celebrait ses mines et ses richesses artistiques, des poemes de Bocer, l'Elegia in laudem Fribergae de Riccardo Sbruli de Forli, l'Elegia metallaria de Camerarius, de Melanchton et d'Adam Siber, publies separement puis reunis en un volume publie en 1577 et que le voyageur avait pu connaitre (21).
A follower of Luther, Phillip Melanchton was also a friend of Rheticus, who had managed to persuade his master, Copernicus, to publish his world system.
Este interes por los griegos contemporaneos y por el pais griego de su epoca se manifiesta primeramente en Alemania, en las ideas y escritos de sabios eminentes, como Johann Reuchlin (1455-1522), Philipp Melanchton (1497-1560) y Martin Crusius (1526-1607).
Flacius accueille dans son systeme la tradition de la rhetorique classique -l'art de bien parler et de faire de beaux discours--mais telle qu'elle avait ete modifiee par Melanchton, le disciple de Descartes, qui fit d'elle l'art de restituer les textes classiques dans leur purete originale et l'art de les comprendre.
La fuerza de esta idea, aun presente explicitamente en los Capadocios, y que mantiene una existencia soterrada a traves de la teologia espiritual medieval, rompe de nuevo en el Renacimiento precisamente a traves de la lectura de la patristica griega de, por ejemplo, Pico della Mirandola (35) y Erasmo, y constituira la piedra en el zapato de la vision luterana que afirmaba que la Iglesia medieval corrompio el mensaje de Pablo, segun la opinion de Melanchton.
1928) recordaba como Lutero rechazo la escolastica medieval pero no la filosofia griega, y que incluso, bajo la influencia de Melanchton, el reformador aleman admitio la metafisica aristotelica (26).
Sistema institucionalizado, aunque no de masas, a cuya articulacion contribuira decisivamente su discipulo Melanchton, considerado uno de los grandes pedagogos alemanes y el organizador de la ensenanza secundaria impartida en los Gimnasium.
Desea hablar con Melanchton y Bucer, pero se mantiene apartado de los debates mientras no sea invitado alli.