Philipp Melanchthon

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Philipp Melanchthon
Philipp Schwartzerdt
BirthplaceBretten, near Karlsruhe
Theologian, professor

Melanchthon, Philipp


(Greek name of P. Schwartzerd). Born Feb. 16, 1497, in Bretten, Baden; died Apr. 19, 1560, in Wittenberg. German humanist and theologian; a leader of the Lutheran Reformation (the moderate burgher wing). Son of a gunsmith.

In 1518, Melanchthon was appointed professor of Greek at the University of Wittenberg, where he became Luther’s closest companion and friend. Melanchthon was an ardent opponent of the Peasant War of 1524–26; he likewise opposed T. Miintzer, and the Anabaptists. As a theorist of Lutheranism, he generalized the principles of Lutheran theology. (He compiled the Loci communes rerum theologicarum, 1521, and the Augsburg Confession, 1530.) After Luther died in 1546, Melanchthon became the head of Lutheranism. He was the author of many pedagogical essays and textbooks, and he was involved in the reorganization of the school and university systems in Saxony and other areas of Germany and the propagation of a classical education (for which he was called Praeceptor Germaniae, “the teacher of Germany”); in education, however, he subordinated humanist ideals to the interests of the Lutheran Church and the princes.


Werke in Auswahl, vols. 1–7. Edited by R. Stupperich. Giitersloh, 1951–71.


Stupperich, R. Melanchthon. Berlin, 1960.
Stern, L. P. Melanchthon: Humanist, Reformator, Praeceptor Germaniae. Halle, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
After concluding his treatment of Melancthon, Mack briefly summarizes the works of several less influential figures who were roughly contemporary with Melancthon: Latomus, Ringelberg, Rivius, Vives, and others.
Melancthon, Adversus Anabaptistas Philippi Melanthonis Indicium, in Philippi Melanthonis opera quae supersunt omnia, vol.
While we believe that the quarry would have brought significant economic benefit to Melancthon Township and served Ontario's well-documented need for aggregate, we acknowledge that the application does not have sufficient support from the community and government to justify proceeding with the approval process," said John Scherer of The Highland
Teofilo Folengo was a poet with an interest in Erasmus and Melancthon who had connections to Benedetto da Mantova (the author of the Beneficio di Cristo) and Vittoria Colonna, as noted in Caponetto, 91; Piscini.
Melancthon warned against the undisciplined plucker of flowers; Tesauro (1592-1675) saw the commonplacer as a (horti)cultural transplanter, explaining that 'a "flower of human wit" may be dissected, its roots inspected and then replanted in the soil of another category to bloom again as a different flower of the same species' (p.
The gradual nature of the change is suggested by transitional language, hence, for example, New York Congressman Melancthon Smith's call for adequate representation of "the middling class" in 1788; "Speech Before the New York Ratifying Convention," reprinted in Jack Greene, ed.