Philipp Melanchthon

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Philipp Melanchthon
Philipp Schwartzerdt
BirthplaceBretten, near Karlsruhe
Theologian, professor

Melanchthon, Philipp


(Greek name of P. Schwartzerd). Born Feb. 16, 1497, in Bretten, Baden; died Apr. 19, 1560, in Wittenberg. German humanist and theologian; a leader of the Lutheran Reformation (the moderate burgher wing). Son of a gunsmith.

In 1518, Melanchthon was appointed professor of Greek at the University of Wittenberg, where he became Luther’s closest companion and friend. Melanchthon was an ardent opponent of the Peasant War of 1524–26; he likewise opposed T. Miintzer, and the Anabaptists. As a theorist of Lutheranism, he generalized the principles of Lutheran theology. (He compiled the Loci communes rerum theologicarum, 1521, and the Augsburg Confession, 1530.) After Luther died in 1546, Melanchthon became the head of Lutheranism. He was the author of many pedagogical essays and textbooks, and he was involved in the reorganization of the school and university systems in Saxony and other areas of Germany and the propagation of a classical education (for which he was called Praeceptor Germaniae, “the teacher of Germany”); in education, however, he subordinated humanist ideals to the interests of the Lutheran Church and the princes.


Werke in Auswahl, vols. 1–7. Edited by R. Stupperich. Giitersloh, 1951–71.


Stupperich, R. Melanchthon. Berlin, 1960.
Stern, L. P. Melanchthon: Humanist, Reformator, Praeceptor Germaniae. Halle, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Melancthon, Adversus Anabaptistas Philippi Melanthonis Indicium, in Philippi Melanthonis opera quae supersunt omnia, vol.
In addition, both Melancthon and Zwingli seem to have had some encounters with living Jews, as Wengert and Kirn document.
Foreshadowing many contemporary claims about the power of tests, Philip Melancthon, a Protestant German teacher, wrote in De Studiis Adolescentum, "No academical exercise can be more useful than that of examination.
These ranged from Tory theses of James's moral incapacity to rule, evidenced by his tyranny, to loyalist "theses of contract, non-contractarian resistance, possession, conquest and abdication," to Whig political theory with roots in the radical reformation thinkers Calvin, Luther, and Melancthon (Goldie 1978, 76, 82).
Part C - $310,000 - Site on County Road #18, between 10th and 15th SR Melancthon.
The application to build a massive quarry in Melancthon Township near Orangeville, Ontario, Canada, has been with.
Teofilo Folengo was a poet with an interest in Erasmus and Melancthon who had connections to Benedetto da Mantova (the author of the Beneficio di Cristo) and Vittoria Colonna, as noted in Caponetto, 91; Piscini.
Melancthon warned against the undisciplined plucker of flowers; Tesauro (1592-1675) saw the commonplacer as a (horti)cultural transplanter, explaining that 'a "flower of human wit" may be dissected, its roots inspected and then replanted in the soil of another category to bloom again as a different flower of the same species' (p.
The gradual nature of the change is suggested by transitional language, hence, for example, New York Congressman Melancthon Smith's call for adequate representation of "the middling class" in 1788; "Speech Before the New York Ratifying Convention," reprinted in Jack Greene, ed.
It is ground-level practical reasoning, or prudence for short ("The Declamation of Philip Melancthon That the Arts of Speech are Necessary for Every Kind of Intellectural Pursuit").