Melandrium

Melandrium

 

a genus of plants of the family Caryophyllaceae. The plants are herbs with opposite leaves. The flowers are bisexual or unisexual; some species are dioecious. The fruit is a unilocular polyspermous pod. There are approximately 100 species in the northern (almost everywhere) and southern (the Cape region and the Andes) hemispheres.

In the USSR there are more than 30 species, most of them in the tundra, but also in high mountain meadows, rocks, and dry slopes. White campion (M. album ) is found in the meadows, fallow fields, and plantings of forest and steppe zones; it has average fodder qualities. A few species of Melandrium are used as ornamentals. The name “melandrium” is sometimes applied to some plants of other genera of the Caryophyllaceae family (Lychnis, Viscaria ) with drooping, seemingly slumbering, flowers.

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Love and Love (1945) reported that testosterone caused female flowers in Melandrium dioecum to develop rudimentary anthers, and enlarged the anthers in male flowers.
DNA methylation pattern of Melandrium album chromosomes.
Silene marizii, microendemismo del occidente de la Peninsula Iberica, fue descrita de la zona centro de Portugal (Beira Alta: Mangualde, Nuestra Senhora do Castelo) por Mariz (1887) como Melandrium viscosum, y posteriormente Rouy (1894) describe de la sierra de Gredos (Avila: Puerto de Menga) Melandrium glutinosum.
Silene latifolia Poiret - (Mariz 1887: Melandrium pratense (Rafn) Rohling).
Chrysosplenium tetandrum, Hierchloe alpina, Melandrium apetalum, Minuartia spp.
Biological flora of the British Isles: Melandrium (Roehling em.
The white campion, Silene alba (Miller) Krause (=Silene latifolia Poiret, Melandrium album (Miller) Garcke, Lychnis alba Miller, Silene pratensis (Rafn) Godr.
Lychnis alba Miller; = Melandrium album (Miller) Garcke], is a dioecious perennial commonly found in highly disturbed habitats (McNeill, 1977).
In: 6th International Days of Statistics and Economics [online], Melandrium, 2012 [cit.
Riddles around the pollination of Melandrium album (Mill.
The more exposed and well-drained moraines have only a few scattered plants, for example Poa glauca, Carex nardina, Potentilla hookeriana, and Saxifraga oppositifolia, whereas areas with a prolonged snow cover are characterized by Ranunculus pygmaeus, Minuartia biflora, Erigeron humilis, Taraxacum arcticum, and Melandrium apetalum.