Meles Zenawi


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Meles Zenawi

(mĕ`lĕs zĕnä`wē), 1955–2012, Ethiopian political leader, prime minister of Ethiopia (1995–2012), b. Adwa. After two years of medical studies at the Univ. of Addis Ababa, he helped found (1975) the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), becoming its secretary-general in 1985. In 1989 he became chairman of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a coalition of opposition groups in which the TPLF was the leading constituent. Following the defeat of the military regime in 1991, Meles was elected transitional president; prime minister after 1995, he began his fourth term in 2010 and served until his death. Faced with a moribund economy, he spearheaded its rapid development, encouraging both domestic growth and foreign investment while solidifying ties with the West. Meles was widely criticized, however, for his extreme repression of dissent, particularly after the 2005 and 2010 elections, which were marked by opposition accusations of fraud.
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: The President His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, on Wednesday, sent a cable of condolence to Ethiopian President Girma Wolde-Giorgis on the passing away of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.
KUWAIT, Aug 21 (KUNA) -- Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi passed away at the age of 56, local state media at the capital Addis Ababa announced last night.
Addis Ababa, Shawwal 3, 1433, Aug 21, 2012, SPA -- Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has died at the age of 57, state media in the East African nation announced on Tuesday, following weeks of speculation about his health, according to dpa.
During the visit, al-Qirbi has handed over a letter from President Abdo Rabbo Mansour Hadi to Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.
Ethiopians have begun voting in national elections that are expected to return Meles Zenawi, the long-serving prime minister, to power in the first ballot since a disputed poll in 2005 turned violent.
Prime Minister Meles Zenawi of Ethiopia (above) and Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini have inaugurated the Gilgel Gibe II hydroelectric power generation station.
ISTANBUL, Jun 16, 2009 (TUR) -- Ethiopian Premier Meles Zenawi received Istanbul Mayor Kadir Topbas who is visiting Ethiopia for the inauguration of water wells opened with technical support of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality.
Summary: Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi who is in India to bolster bilateral ties between the two nations, met Indian Foreign Minister, Pranab Mukherjee on Thursday.
He yesterday met Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi at the start of his five-day trip.
Kawaguchi is scheduled to meet with Ethiopian Foreign Minister Seyoum Mesfin and pay a courtesy call on Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in the afternoon.
By Tesfa-Alem Tekle August 20, 2013 (ADDIS ABABA) -- South Sudan and Sudan on Tuesday praised the role played by the late Prime Minister of Ethiopa Meles Zenawi in bringing peace between two countries.
Addressing a ceremony held in Addis Ababa to mark the first memorial service for the late Meles Zenawi, President Al-Bashir asserted Sudan respect and appreciation of the great efforts done by the late Meles Zenawi for boosting the peace process in Sudan.