Meliaceae


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Related to Meliaceae: Ochnaceae, Sapindales, Myristicaceae, mahogany family, Simaroubaceae

Meliaceae

[‚mel·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Sapindales characterized by mostly exstipulate, alternate leaves, stamens mostly connate by their filaments, and syncarpous flowers.

Meliaceae

 

(mahogany) a family of dicotyledonous plants, including trees, shrubs, and, less frequently, subshrubs and grasses. The leaves are exstipulate and usually pinnate. The flowers are small and in axillary inflorescences. There are four or five sepals and the same number of petals. In most species the stamens have fused into a tube. The fruit is a capsule, berry, or drupe. There are approximately 50 genera, with 1,400 species, distributed primarily in the tropics. In the USSR one species of Cedrela and several species of Melia are cultivated. A number of species, such as mahogany, West Indian sandalwood, and yellowwood, yield valuable lumber, which is distinctively colored and fragrant. Several species yield essential oil (Cedrela and others), edible fruits (Lansium domesticum var. domestica, Lansium d. var. pubescens, and Sandoricum indicum), or alkaloids (carapine, naregamine, and others).

References in periodicals archive ?
Pólen de Apocynaceae, Arecaceae, Bignoniaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Flacourtiaceae, Lauraceae, Meliaceae, Mimosaceae, Myrsinaceae, Sapindaceae e Ulmaceae é representado.
Anacardiaceae (Bachelier & Endress, 2009), Burseraceae (Lain, 1932), Meliaceae (Narayana, 1958; Murty & Gupta, 1978; Correll & Correll, 1982; Castaneda-Posadas & Cevallos-Ferriz, 2007), Nitrariaceae (Eichler, 1878; Nair & Nathawat, 1958; Ronse De Craene et al.
In this study plant extract of Azadiracta indica which belongs to the family Meliaceae commonly known as neem and also it is found throughout south of Iran was selected for evaluation of its antifungal and nematocidal activities.
The Fabaceae family comprised the largest family contributing 5 plants, followed by the Euphorbiaceae and Meliaceae families with 4 plants each.
Juss (Neem) from Meliaceae family was used as a larvicidal compound (8) against which the action of C.
Neem (Azadirachta indica) and pawpaw (Carica papaya) in the families meliaceae and caricaceae respectively are widely grown and used in different parts of Nigeria mainly for food, ornamental and in traditional health care services [13,6].
Laboratory evaluation of some eastern African Meliaceae as sources of botanicals for Anopheles gambiae.
Total # Family/Species Part eaten individuals Anacardiaceae Anacardium excelsum S 10 Spondias mombin FP,B 66 Spondias purpurea FP 2 Mangifera indica ** FP 10 Bignoniaceae Tabebuia rosea F 2 Bombacaceae Ceiba aesculifolia FS,B,L 9 Ceiba pentandra S,B 4 Bombacopsis quinata FS,B 7 Ochroma pyramidale F 12 Caesalpiniaceae Schizolobium parahybum S,L,B 9 Delonix regia * F,S,L 206 Cassia grandis FS,B 8 Combretaceae Terminalia catappa * FS,L 498 Lythraceae Lagerstroemia speciosa * S 31 Meliaceae Cedrela odorata S 2 Swietenia macrophylla S 2 Fabaceae Pseudosamanea guachapele F,L,B 23 Lysiloma divaricatum S 7 Enterolobium cyclocarpum B,Li 4 Inga vera ES,L 18 Inga sp.
Meliaceae plants are known to be rich sources of limonoids.
1/3 175 Meliaceae, Sapindales Munronia Wight 1/3 4 Menispermaceae, Ranunculales Arcangelisia Becc.