Meliaceae


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Meliaceae

[‚mel·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Sapindales characterized by mostly exstipulate, alternate leaves, stamens mostly connate by their filaments, and syncarpous flowers.

Meliaceae

 

(mahogany) a family of dicotyledonous plants, including trees, shrubs, and, less frequently, subshrubs and grasses. The leaves are exstipulate and usually pinnate. The flowers are small and in axillary inflorescences. There are four or five sepals and the same number of petals. In most species the stamens have fused into a tube. The fruit is a capsule, berry, or drupe. There are approximately 50 genera, with 1,400 species, distributed primarily in the tropics. In the USSR one species of Cedrela and several species of Melia are cultivated. A number of species, such as mahogany, West Indian sandalwood, and yellowwood, yield valuable lumber, which is distinctively colored and fragrant. Several species yield essential oil (Cedrela and others), edible fruits (Lansium domesticum var. domestica, Lansium d. var. pubescens, and Sandoricum indicum), or alkaloids (carapine, naregamine, and others).

References in periodicals archive ?
3% de las especies arboreas colectadas y le siguen Meliaceae (7.
2012), and the family Meliaceae is currently well investigated due to the occurrence of limonoid triterpenes, promising compounds that have biological activities on insects like insecticidal, phagodeterrent and growth regulating (Isman et al.
Las familias mas representativas en cuanto al numero de especies por fragmento son Lauraceae y Myrtaceae en La Esmeralda y Meliaceae junto a Lauraceae y Myrtaceae en San Isidro (Figura 1).
El aceite de andiroba se extrae de un arbol denominado Carapa guianensis, el cual pertenece a la familia Meliaceae y es encontrado en varios paises de America del Sur (9).
Euphorbiaceae Platyginey urens Mercier Pringa mosa Flacurciaceae Caseria aculeata (Jacq) Jia peluda Meliaceae Trichilia glabra L Siguaraya Trichilia hirta L Cabo de hacha Nyctaginaceae Pisonia aculeata L Zarza Papaveraceae Agremone mexicana L Cardo santo Papilionaceae Desmodium unicinatum D.
It was first reported from Amoora rohituka followed by that in Dysoxylum binectariferum, both belonging to the family Meliaceae (Harmon et al.
La bioactividad de las especies de Meliaceae ha sido estudiada previamente, otorgandole propiedades como insecticida, uterotonica, antibacteriana, antifungica y antiviral [2, 3].
Limonoids are a group of chemicals related to terpenoids found in Rutaceae and Meliaceae families of the Order Rutales.
Aristeguieta (2003), siguiendo la clasificacion de Cronquist (1981), indica que en Venezuela las familias lenosas del Orden Sapindales son Anacardiaceae, Burseraceae, Hippocastanaceae, Meliaceae, Sapindaceae, Simaroubaceae, Staphyleaceae, Rutaceae y Zygophyllaceae.
The Meliaceae is among the foremost tree families native to the Northern South America, an area rich in tree species essential to the wood manufacturing industry and biologically valuable to the region.
These disinfection treatments allowed the stablishment of nodal explants from mature Meliaceae plants as the first stage of in vitro propagation.