Melothria

Melothria

 

a genus of plants of the family Cucurbitaceae. They are annual and perennial lianas. The leaves are entire or lobed. The plants may be monoecious or dioecious. The flowers are small with white or yellow five-parted corollas. The pistillate flowers are solitary or in clusters or cymose inflorescences; the staminate flowers grow in racemes or, less commonly, are solitary or clustered. The fruits are small, berrylike, and often pendulous. There are approximately 80 species of Melothria, found primarily in the tropics of both hemispheres. Certain species, particularly such perennials as Melothria pendula and M. punctata (also known as Zehneria scabra), are used as ornamentals on balconies and trellises and in greenhouses. Sometimes the genus is divided into several genera.

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reticulata Tangelo Discorea bulbifera Air potato Citrus sinensis Orange Rubus cuneifolius Sand blackberry Baccharis halmifolia Groundsel Smilax smalli Lance-leaf greenbrier Passiflora incarnata Passion vine Weeds Poinsettia cyathophora Painted leaf Cnidoscolus stimulosus Tread softly Phyllanthus urinaria Chamber bitter Desmodium tortuosum Florida beggarweed Oldenlandia corymbosa Old world diamond-flower Richardia scabra Florida pusley Digitaria ischaemum Smooth crabgrass Chenopodium ambrosioides Mexican tea Phytolacca americana Pokeweed Melothria pendula Creeping cucumber Cyperus globulosus Globe sedge Bidens alba Beggarticks Ambrosia artemisiifolia Common ragweed Amaranthus hybridus Smooth pigweed Semiaquatic or aquatic plants Colocasia esculenta Wild taro Typha sp.
Hypoglycaemic effect of Melothria heterophylla in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Cyperus elegans, Piper aduncum, Piper amalago, Rivina humilis, Sapindus saponaria, Tragia volubilis, Passiflora rubra, Theobroma cacao, Conocarpus erectus, Plumeria rubra, Plumeria alba, Cestrum nocturnum, Melothria pendula, Cucumis anguria.