Melville Jean Herskovits

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Herskovits, Melville Jean

 

Born Sept. 10, 1895, in Bellefontaine, Ohio; died Feb. 25, 1963, in Evanston, 111. American anthropologist.

Herskovits’ chief works deal with the general anthropology and cultures of the African peoples and the Negroes of America. Beginning in 1930, Herskovits conducted anthropological studies of areas along the Guinean coast of Africa and in Latin America. He studied the problems of acculturation and the economy and culture of primitive societies, emphasizing the independent value of the cultures of all the peoples (the theory of cultural relativism).

WORKS

Acculturation: The Study of Culture Contact. New York, 1938.
Economic Anthropology. New York, 1952.
Cultural Anthropology. New York, 1955.

REFERENCE

Artanovskii, S. N. “‘Kul’turnyi’ reliativizm v amerikanskoi etnografii.” In Sovremennaia amerikanskaia etnografiia. Moscow, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
TURNER, as evinced from his papers at the Melville J.
This process of digital repatriation received the support of the Archives of Traditional Music at the University of Indiana, Bloomington where the collection of Turner's recordings is housed; the Melville J.
Even those who may not be privileged or have direct access to the early literary works of Frantz Boas and Melville J.
This also became an integral chapter in Gunnar Myrdal's American Dilemma: The Negro and Modern Democracy (1944), and thus I am aware of only a few other texts which have revisited the monumental cultural contributions of Herskovits, with the exception of Africanism in American Culture (1990) edited by Joseph Holloway dedicated to the memory of Melville J.
Woodson, Lorenzo Turner, John Blassingame and Melville J.
Franklin Frazier, "The Negro Family in Bahia, Brazil," American Sociological Review 7(4) (1942):465-478, Melville J.
Clair Drake, "Anthropology and the Black Experience," The Black Scholar 11(7) (1980):3-21, Jerry Gershenhorn, Melville J.
com snippets of the film "Herskovits at the Heart of Blackness," which chronicles the life and career of the late Melville J.