national assembly

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national assembly,

name of a number of past and present constituent or legislative bodies. In France, under the constitutions of the Fourth and Fifth republics, the lower house of parliament has been called the national assembly. Usually, however, the name national assembly has been applied to provisional bodies. Often in times of crisis, when the old order dissolves through decay, war, or revolution, representatives of the people meet to work out a new order. Such was the case in the French Revolution, when members of the States-GeneralStates-General
or Estates-General,
diet or national assembly in which the chief estates (see estate) of a nation—usually clergy, nobles, and towns (or commons)—were represented as separate bodies.
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 proclaimed themselves (1789) a national assembly. The Federal Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention,
in U.S. history, the 1787 meeting in which the Constitution of the United States was drawn up. The Road to the Convention

The government adopted by the Thirteen Colonies in America (see Confederation, Articles of, and Continental
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 of 1787 and the Frankfurt ParliamentFrankfurt Parliament,
1848–49, national assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in Mar.
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 of 1848–49 were national assemblies. At the end of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71, after the downfall of Napoleon III, France again elected a national assembly, which drew up the basic constitutional laws for the Third Republic. Under the Third Republic the name national assembly applied to joint sessions of the senate and the chamber of deputies. National assemblies framed the republican Weimar constitution of Germany in 1919 and the Bonn constitution for West Germany in 1948–49. For a list of some of the chief legislative bodies of the world, see legislaturelegislature,
representative assembly empowered to enact statute law. Generally the representatives who compose a legislature are constitutionally elected by a broad spectrum of the population.
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National Assembly


(1) The constituent assembly in France in 1789, 1848, and 1871 and in Germany in 1848 and 1919. The term also occurs in the history of other countries.

(2) In France under the Third Republic (1870–1940), a joint assembly of the members of both houses of parliament, convened to elect the president of the republic.

(3) In a number of countries such as France, Jordan, Libya, Laos, and Tunisia, the name for the parliament or one of its houses. In the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, it is the name of the supreme representative organ of power.

References in periodicals archive ?
Huw Irranca-Davies MP, a former UK Government minister, wants to become a member of the National Assembly
In turn, the French member of the National Assembly noted: In the west it is often forgotten that in Ukraine the President and the Parliament are elected on legal grounds and this legitimacy has been recognized on the international level.
Butt said he was not a current member of the National Assembly, however his son Umar Suhail Zia is an MNA, but he too was not involved in the issue.
He is to stay in office for 45 days before handing over power to Aziz, who needs to be elected as a member of the National Assembly, a requirement to be elected prime minister.
The boy, Kanwar Ahson, is a nephew of a member of the National Assembly.
Wirht, an economist, was a former member of the National Assembly of Suriname and held senior positions in numerous government commissions.
Sardar Ayaz Sadiq has been re-elected as Member of the National Assembly from the same constituency in the recently held by-elections.
ISLAMABAD -- National Assembly Speaker Sardar Ayaz Sadiq has directed the federal and Sindh governmentsfor providing adequate security to former NA Speaker and Member of the National Assembly Dr Fehmida Mirza and her family.
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan Jantoro Satybaldiev today met with the delegation of South Korea led by the member of the National Assembly of South Korea, reported the government's press service.
The article stipulates that each member of the National Assembly may interpellate the Prime Minister and Ministers on matters within their jurisdiction.
Islamabad, Nov 23 (ANI): Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) leader and member of the National Assembly (MNA) Sherry Rehman has been appointed as Pakistan's new Ambassador to the United States following Hussain Haqqani's resignation over the Memo Gate scandal.
ISLAMABAD, July 19 -- The degree of Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid (PML-Q) member of the National Assembly (MNA) Nauman Langrial has been declared fake on Sunday.

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