Members of the Supreme Administrative Bodies of the CPSU and the USSR

Members of the Supreme Administrative Bodies of the CPSU and the USSR

 

The supreme administrative bodies of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and of the USSR include the Politburo and the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the central committees of the Communist parties of the Union republics, and the presidiums of the supreme Soviets of the Union republics.

A list of the members of some of these supreme administrative bodies as of Aug. 3,1982, follows.

The members of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU are L. I. Brezhnev, Iu. V. Andropov, K. U. Chernenko, M. S. Gorbachev, V. V. Grishin, A. A. Gromyko, A. P. Kirilenko, D. A. Kunaev, A. la. Pel’she, G. V. Romanov, V. V. Shcherbitskii, N. A. Tikhonov, and D. F. Ustinov.

The candidate members of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU are G. A. Aliev, P. N. Demichev, V. I. Dolgikh, T. la. Kiselev, V. V. Kuznetsov, B. N. Ponomarev, Sh. R. Rashidov, E. A. Shevardnadze, and M. S. Solomentsev.

The general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU is L. I. Brezhnev.

The secretaries of the Central Committee of the CPSU are Iu. V. Andropov, M. S. Gorbachev, A. P. Kirilenko, K. U. Chernenko, V. I. Dolgikh, B. N. Ponomarev, M. V. Zimianin, I. V. Kapitonov, and K. V. Rusakov.

The chairman of the Committee of Party Control under the Central Committee of the CPSU is A. la. Pel’she.

The chairman of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU is G. F. Sizov.

The chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR is L. I. Brezhnev.

The first deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR is V. V. Kuznetsov.

The deputy chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR are M. A. Iasnov, RSFSR; A. F. Vatchenko, Ukrainian SSR; I. E. Poliakov, Byelorussian SSR; I. B. Usmankhodzhaev, Uzbek SSR; S. N. Imashev, Kazakh SSR; P. G. Gilashvili, Georgian SSR; K. A. Khalilov, Azerbaijan SSR; A. S. Barkauskas, Lithuanian SSR; I. P. Kalin, Moldavian SSR; P. la. Strautmanis, Latvian SSR; T. Kh. Koshoev, Kirghiz SSR; M. Kholov, Tadzhik SSR; B. E. Sarkisov, Armenian SSR; B. Iazkuliev, Turkmen SSR; and I. G. Kebin, Estonian SSR.

The secretary of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR is M. P. Georgadze.

The members of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR are R. G. Gamzatov, R. A. Gavrilova, A. V. Gitalov, V. V. Grishin, T. la. Kiselev, V. I. Konotop, D. A. Kunaev, E. I. Mukhina, R. M. Musin, V. V. Nikolaeva-Tereshkova, N. A. Novoselova, B. N. Pastukhov, A. I. Pokryshkin, Sh. R. Rashidov, G. V. Romanov, M. Z. Shakirov, V. V. Shcherbitskii, G. N. Smirnov, and N. A. Zlobin.

The chairman of the Soviet of the Union is A. P. Shitikov.

The chairman of the Soviet of Nationalities is V. P. Ruben.

The chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR is N. A. Tikhonov.

The first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR is I. V. Arkhipov.

The deputy chairmen of the Council of Ministers of the USSR are A. K. Antonov, N. K. Baibakov, I. I. Bodiul, V. E. Dymshits, L. A. Kostandov, V. N. Makeev, G. I. Marchuk, N. V. Martynov, I. T. Novikov, Z. N. Nuriev, L. V. Smirnov, and N. V. Talyzin.

The ministers of the all-Union ministries of the USSR are as follows:

S. A. Afanas’ev, general machine building,

V. V. Bakhirev, machine building,

B. V. Bal’mont, machine tool and instrument industry,

S. V. Bashilov, construction in the regions of the Far East and Transbaikalia,

K. N. Beliak, machine building for animal husbandry and fodder production,

K. I. Brekhov, chemical and petroleum machine building,

B. P. Bugaev, civil aviation,

V. I. Chudin, construction, road-making, and municipal maintenance industry,

V. A. Dinkov, gas industry,

M. V. Egorov, shipbuilding industry,

A. A. Ezhevskii, tractor and agricultural machine building,

P. V. Finogenov, defense industry,

T. B. Guzhenko, merchant marine,

V. V. Krotov, power engineering machine building,

V. V. Listov, chemical industry,

A. I. Maiorets, electrical engineering industry,

N. A. Mal’tsev, petroleum industry,

A. K. Mel’nichenko, medical industry,

N. S. Patolichev, foreign trade,

I. G. Pavlovskii, railroads,

E. K. Pervyshin, communications equipment industry,

A. G. Petrishchev, production of mineral fertilizers,

P. S. Pleshakov, radio industry,

V. N. Poliakov, automotive industry,

I. I. Pudkov, machine building for light industry, the food-processing industry, and household appliances,

B. E. Shcherbina, construction of petroleum and gas industry enterprises,

M. S. Shkabardnia, instrument-making, automation equipment, and control systems,

A. I. Shokin, electronics industry,

I. S. Silaev, aviation industry,

E. P. Slavskii, medium machine building,

I. D. Sosnov, transportation construction,

D. F. Ustinov, defense,

V. F. Zhigalin, heavy and transportation machine building.

The ministers of the Union-republic ministries of the USSR are as follows:

S. F. Antonov, meat and dairy industry,

B. V. Bakin, installation and specialized construction work,

B. F. Bratchenko, coal industry,

S. P. Burenkov, public health,

M. I. Busygin, timber, pulp and paper, and wood-products industry,

P. N. Demichev, culture,

V. P. Eliutin, higher and specialized secondary education,

V. S. Fedorov, petroleum-refining and petrochemical industry,

V. F. Garbuzov, finance,

N. V. Goldin, construction of heavy industrial enterprises,

A. A. Gromyko, foreign affairs,

A. I. Iashin, building-materials industry,

V. M. Kamentsev, fishingindustry,

G. A. Karavaev, construction,

I. P. Kazanets, ferrous metallurgy,

S. D. Khitrov, rural construction,

N. T. Kozlov, fruit and vegetable supply,

E. A. Kozlovskii, geology,

V. P. Lein, food-processing industry,

P. F. Lomako, nonferrous metallurgy,

V. K. Mesiats, agriculture,

P. S. Neporozhnii, energy resources and electrification,

M. A. Prokof’ev, education,

V. A. Shamshin, communications,

N. A. Shchelokov, internal affairs,

A. I. Struev, trade,

N. N. Tarasov, light industry,

V. I. Terebilov, justice,

A. M. Tokarev, industrial construction,

N. F. Vasil’ev, land reclamation and water use management,

G. S. Zolotukhin, farm-produce purchases.

The chairmen of the all-Union state committees of the USSR are

V. V. Boitsov, standards (Gosstandart),

Iu. A. Izrael’, hydrometeorology and monitoring the natural environment,

A. V. Kovalenko, material resources,

G. I. Marchuk, science and technology,

I. S. Naiashkov, inventions and discoveries,

S. A. Skachkov, foreign economic relations.

The chairmen of the Union-republic state committees of the USSR are

N. K. Baibakov, planning (Gosplan),

A. A. Bulgakov, vocational-technical education,

F. T. Ermash, cinematography,

V. V. Fedorchuk, state security (KGB),

N. T. Glushkov, prices,

L. I. Khitrun, supply of farm machinery, fuel, and fertilizer,

T. Z. Khuramshin, supply of petroleum products,

S. G. Lapin, television and radio,

V. G. Lomonosov, labor and social problems,

N. V. Martynov, material and technical supply,

I. T. Novikov, construction (Gosstroi),

B. I. Stukalin, publishing, printing, and the book trade,

G. I. Vorob’ev, forestry,

I. M. Vladychenko, supervision of safety in industry and supervision of mining.

The chairman of the Committee of People’s Control of the USSR is A. M. Shkol’nikov. The chairman of the administrative board of the State Bank of the USSR is V. S. Alkhimov. The head of the Central Statistical Board of the USSR is L. M. Volodarskii. The administrative head of operations of the Council of Ministers of the USSR is M. S. Smirtiukov.

The Council of Ministers of the USSR includes the chairmen of the councils of ministers of the Union republics: M. S. Solomentsev, RSFSR; A. P. Liashko, Ukrainian SSR; A. N. Aksenov, Byelorussian SSR; N. D. Khudaiberdyev, Uzbek SSR; B. A. Ashimov, Kazakh SSR; D. L. Kartvelishvili, Georgian SSR; G. N. Seidov, Azerbaijan SSR; R.-B. I. Songaila, Lithuanian SSR; I. G. Ustian, Moldavian SSR; Iu. la. Ruben, Latvian SSR; A. Duisheev, Kirghiz SSR; K. M. Makhkamov, Tadzhik SSR; F. T. Sarkisian, Armenian SSR; Ch. S. Karryev, Turkmen SSR; and V. I. Klauson, Estonian SSR.

The chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR is L. N. Smirnov.

The procurator-general of the USSR is A. M. Rekunkov.

The first secretaries of the central committees of the Communist parties of the Union republics are V. V. Shcherbitskii, Ukraine; T. la. Kiselev, Byelorussia; Sh. R. Rashidov, Uzbekistan; D. A. Kunaev, Kazakhstan; E. A. Shevardnadze, Georgia; G. A. Aliev, Azerbaijan; P. P. Grishkiavichius, Lithuania; S. K. Grossu, Moldavia; A. E. Voss, Latvia; T. Usubaliev, Kirghizia; R. Nabiev, Tadzhikistan; K. S. Demirchian, Armenia; M. Gapurov, Turkmenia; and K. G. Vaino, Estonia.

The chairmen of the presidiums of the supreme Soviets of the Union republics are M. A. Iasnov, RSFSR; A. F. Vatchenko, Ukrainian SSR; I. E. Poliakov, Byelorussian SSR; I. B. Usmankhodzhaev, Uzbek SSR; S. N. Imashev, Kazakh SSR; P. G. Gilashvili, Georgian SSR; K. A. Khalilov, Azerbaijan SSR; A. S. Barkauskas, Lithuanian SSR; I. P. Kalin, Moldavian SSR; P. la. Strautmanis, Latvian SSR; T. Kh. Koshoev, Kirghiz SSR; M. Kholov, Tadzhik SSR; B. E. Sarkisov, Armenian SSR; B. Iazkuliev, Turkmen SSR; and I. G. Kebin, Estonian SSR.

[Biographical sketches of the leading party and state figures of the USSR follow.]

AFANAS’EV, SERGEI ALEKSANDROVICH. Born 1918. Named minister of general machine building of the USSR in 1965. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1973 and 1978). Member of the CPSU since 1943.

Upon graduating from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1941, Afanas’ev worked as an engineer in the defense industry. Between 1957 and 1961 he served as deputy chairman and chairman of the Leningrad council of the national economy. In the period from 1961 to 1965 he was chairman of the All-Russian Council of the National Economy, chairman of the Council of the National Economy of the RSFSR, and a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Afanas’ev, a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, has received the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR.

AKSENOV, ALEKSANDR NIKIFOROVICH. Born 1924. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Byelorussian SSR in 1978. Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Aksenov graduated from the Gomel’ Pedagogical School in 1941, and in 1957 he completed a correspondence course through the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU. Over a period beginning in 1944, he was engaged in Komsomol work. In the period from 1953 to 1956 he served as a secretary and as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Komsomol of Byelorussia, and from 1956 to 1959 he was a secretary of the Central Committee of the All-Union Komosmol.

Aksenov served as a deputy chairman of the Committee for State Security (KGB) under the Council of Ministers of the Byelorussian SSR in 1959 and 1960 and as minister of internal affairs of the Byelorussian SSR from 1960 to 1965. He was first secretary of the Vitebsk oblast committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia from 1965 to 1971 and second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia from 1971 to 1978. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Aksenov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ALIEV, GEIDAR ALI RZA OGLY. Born 1923. Named a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the USSR in 1976 and first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan in 1969. Hero of Socialist Labor (1979). Member of the CPSU since 1945.

From 1941 to 1943, Aliev worked in the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD); from 1944 to 1949 he held administrative positions with the Council of People’s Commissars and bodies of state security of the Nakhichevan ASSR. From 1950 to 1964 he was associated with the Ministry of State Security and the Committee for State Security (KGB) under the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1957 he graduated from the Azerbaijan State University.

Aliev was a deputy chairman of the KGB under the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR from 1965 to 1967 and chairman from 1967 to 1969. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Aliev was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ALKHIMOV, VLADIMIR SERGEEVICH. Born 1919. Named chairman of the administrative board of the State Bank of the USSR in 1976. Candidate of economic sciences. Hero of the Soviet Union (1945). Member of the CPSU since 1942.

Alkhimov went into financial and economic work in 1938. From 1941 to 1945 he served in the Soviet Army. He graduated from the Leningrad Financial and Economic Institute in 1947 and the All-Union Academy of Foreign Trade in 1950. He joined a scientific research institute in 1950. Over a period beginning in 1958, Alkhimov was associated with the Ministry of Foreign Trade, serving as deputy minister from 1967 to 1976. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Alkhimov was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ANDROPOV, IURII VLADIMIROVICH. Born 1914. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1973 and a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in May 1982. General of the army (1976). Hero of Socialist Labor (1974). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

In 1936, Andropov graduated from a technicum specializing in water transportation and undertook Komsomol work. From 1938 to 1940 he was first secretary of the Yaroslavl oblast committee of the All-Union Komsomol, and from 1940 to 1944 he served as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Komsomol of Karelia. He was second secretary of the Petrozavodsk city committee of the Communist Party of Karelia from 1944 to 1947 and second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Karelia from 1947 to 1951. He attended the State University of Petrozavodsk and the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU.

From 1951 to 1953, Andropov worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU. From 1953 to 1957 he served as Soviet ambassador to Hungary. He headed a department of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1957 to 1967. Elected a member of the Central Committee in 1961, he served as a secretary of the Central Committee from 1962 to 1967. Andropov was chairman of the Committee for State Security (KGB) under the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1967 to 1978 and chairman of the Committee for State Security (KGB) of the USSR from 1978 to 1982. He was a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1967 to 1973.

Andropov was a deputy to the third and the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ANTONOV, ALEKSEI KONSTANTINOVICH. Born 1912. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in December 1980. Hero of Socialist Labor (1982). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

In 1935, Antonov graduated from the M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute and began working as an engineer. He was deputy chairman of the Leningrad council of the national economy from 1959 to 1961 and chairman in 1961 and 1962. From 1962 to 1965 he served as chairman of the council of the national economy of the Leningrad Economic Region. From 1965 to 1980, Antonov served as minister of the electrical engineering industry of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1971.

A deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Antonov has received the State Prize of the USSR.

ANTONOV, SERGEI FEDOROVICH. Born 1911. Named minister of the meat and dairy industry of the USSR in 1965. Member of the CPSU since 1937.

In 1937, Antonov graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Dairy Industry Engineering and began working as an engineer. From 1941 to 1945 he served in the Soviet Army.

Antonov took up the first in a series of government posts in 1946. He was minister of the meat and dairy products industry of the USSR from 1954 to 1957 and deputy chairman of the Moscow city council of the national economy in 1957 and 1958. From 1960 to 1965 he served as Soviet ambassador to Afghanistan. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1966 and a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Antonov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ARKHIPOV, IVAN VASIL’EVICH. Born 1907. Named first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in October 1980. Hero of Socialist Labor (1977). Member of the CPSU since 1928.

Arkhipov graduated from the Moscow Machine Tool Institute in 1932. He worked as an engineer and held party posts. From 1943 to 1957 he was first deputy people’s commissar (first deputy minister from 1946) of nonferrous metallurgy of the USSR.

Arkhipov served as a deputy chairman of the State Committee on Foreign Economic Relations of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1958 and 1959 and as first deputy chairman from 1959 to 1974. He was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1974 to 1980. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Arkhipov was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ASHIMOV, BAIKEN ASHIMOVICH. Born 1917. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR in 1970. Hero of Socialist Labor (1977). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

From 1938 to 1945, Ashimov served in the Soviet Army. In 1945 he undertook soviet and party work. He graduated in 1957 from the Leningrad Institute of Applied Zoology and Phytopathology. Between 1961 and 1970, he held government and party posts, serving as chairman of the Karaganda oblast executive committee and first secretary of the Karaganda and Taldy-Kurgan oblast committees of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Ashimov was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BAIBAKOV, NIKOLAI KONSTANTINOVICH. Born 1911. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and chairman of the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR in 1965. Hero of Socialist Labor (1981). Doctor of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Upon graduating from the Azerbaijan Petroleum Institute in 1932, Baibakov went into engineering and technical work. Between 1940 and 1946 he served as deputy people’s commissar and then as people’s commissar of the petroleum industry of the USSR; from 1948 to 1955 he was minister of the petroleum industry of the USSR. His posts in the period from 1955 to 1958 were chairman of Gosplan of the USSR, chairman of the State Planning Commission of the RSFSR, and first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR.

From 1958 to 1963, Baibakov was chairman of the Krasnodar and Northern Caucasus councils of the national economy. Between 1963 and 1965 he held the posts of chairman of the state committees on chemistry and the chemical and petroleum industries under Gosplan of the USSR, ranking as a minister of the USSR. He was a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1952 to 1961 and was again elected a member in 1966.

A deputy to the second, fourth, fifth, and seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Baibakov has received the Lenin Prize.

BAKHIREV, VIACHESLAV VASIL’EVICH. Born 1916. Named minister of machine building of the USSR in 1968. Hero of Socialist Labor (1976). Member of the CPSU since 1951.

After graduating from Moscow State University in 1941, Bakhirev engaged in engineering and technical work. He subsequently held an administrative position. From 1965 to 1968 he was first deputy minister of the defense industry of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

A deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Bakhirev has received the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR.

BAKIN, BORIS VLADIMIROVICH. Born 1913. Named minister of installation and specialized construction work of the USSR in 1975. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the CPSU since 1941.

Bakin graduated from the All-Union Correspondence Power Engineering Institute in 1959. Over a period beginning in 1933 he engaged in construction, engineering, and administrative work. From 1961 to 1967 he was manager of the Spetselektromontazh Trust. From 1967 to 1975 he was deputy minister of installation and specialized construction work of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

A deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Bakin has received two State Prizes of the USSR.

BAL’MONT, BORIS VLADIMIROVICH. Born 1927. Named minister of the machine tool and instrument industry of the USSR in February 1981. Hero of Socialist Labor (1978). Docent. Member of the CPSU since 1956.

After graduation from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1952, Bal’mont held a number of engineering and administrative posts. In the period from 1965 to 1973 he headed central boards of the Ministry of General Machine Building of the USSR. He was a deputy minister of general machine building from 1973 to 1976 and first deputy minister of general machine building from 1976 to 1981. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Bal’mont has received the State Prize of the USSR.

BARKAUSKAS, ANT ANAS STASEVICH. Born 1917. Named a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1976 and chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR in 1975. Candidate of economic sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1942.

After Soviet power was restored in Lithuania in 1940, Barkauskas went into political work. From 1942 he served in the Soviet Army. From 1944 he engaged in soviet, party, and scholarly work. After graduating from the Academy of Social Sciences Attached to the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1959 he worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lithuania, serving as a secretary from 1961 to 1976. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976. Barkauskas was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Barkauskas was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BASHILOV, SERGEI VASIL’EVICH. Born 1923. Named minister of construction in the regions of the Far East and Transbaikalia in December 1979. Member of the CPSU since 1947.

Bashilov graduated from the Moscow Institute of Railroad Transportation in 1950. He had served in the Soviet Army from 1941 to 1945. Over a period beginning in 1950 he held engineering and administrative posts in construction. From 1976 to 1979 he headed the department of construction and the construction industry of the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR and was a member of the committee. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Bashilov was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BELIAK, KONSTANTIN NIKITOVICH. Born 1916. Named minister of machine building for animal husbandry and fodder production of the USSR in 1973. Hero of Socialist Labor (1981). Member of the CPSU since 1942.

After graduating from the S. M. Kirov Tomsk Industrial Institute in 1940, Beliak worked as an engineer and did party work. Between 1957 and 1965 he was chairman of the Voronezh and then the Central Chernozem councils of the national economy. Between 1965 and 1973, Beliak was deputy minister and then first deputy minister of tractor and agricultural machine building. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Beliak was a deputy to the sixth, ninth, and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BODIUL, IVAN IVANOVICH. Born 1918. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in December 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

Bodiul graduated from the Voznesensk Agricultural Technicum in 1937 and the Military Veterinary Academy in 1942. From 1942 to 1946 he served in the Soviet Army. He was a staff member of the Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR from 1946 to 1948 and of the Moldavian branch of the Council on Kolkhoz Affairs of the government of the USSR from 1948 to 1951.

Bodiul undertook party work in 1951 and served in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1958 and 1959. From 1959 to 1961 he was second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia. From 1961 to 1980 he was first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Bodiul was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BOITSOV, VASILII VASIL’EVICH. Born 1908. Named chairman of the State Committee on Standards of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1963 (the State Committee on Standards of the USSR since 1978). Doctor of technical sciences; professor. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Upon graduating from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1937, Boitsov went into engineering and technical work. Between 1947 and 1963 he served as deputy minister of the aviation industry and as director of a scientific research institute. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Boitsov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BRATCHENKO, BORIS FEDOROVICH. Born 1912. Named minister of the coal industry of the USSR in 1965. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

After graduating from the Moscow Mining Institute in 1935, Bratchenko engaged in engineering and technical work. In the period from 1953 to 1961 he served as deputy minister of the coal industry of the USSR, head of a department of the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR, and chairman of the Karaganda council of the national economy. From 1961 to 1965 he was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR and chairman of the State Planning Commission of the Kazakh SSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1971.

A deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Bratchenko has received the State Prize of the USSR.

BREKHOV, KONSTANTIN IVANOVICH. Born 1907. Named minister of chemical and petroleum machine building of the USSR in 1965. Hero of Socialist Labor (1977). Member of the CPSU since 1931.

Brekhov graduated from the Kharkov Institute of Mechanical Engineering and Machine Building in 1936. Over a period beginning in 1931 he engaged in engineering and technical work in the machine-building industry. He was deputy minister of construction and road-making machinery of the USSR from 1954 to 1957 and chairman of the Moscow oblast council of the national economy from 1959 to 1964. In 1964 and 1965, Brekhov was a minister of the USSR, serving as chairman of the State Committee for chemical and petroleum machine building under the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1971.

Brekhov was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BREZHNEV, LEONID IL’ICH. Born 1906. Named general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966, a member of the Politburo (Presidium until 1966) of the Central Committee in 1957, and chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1977. Marshal of the Soviet Union (1976). Chairman of the Council of Defense of the USSR. Four times Hero of the Soviet Union (1966,1976,1978, and 1981); Hero of Socialist Labor (1961). Member of the CPSU since 1931.

Brezhnev obtained his first job, as a worker at the Dneprodzerzhinsk Metallurgical Plant, in 1921. After graduating from the Kursk Land Management and Reclamation Technicum in 1927, he worked as a land management specialist until 1930. In the period following his graduation from the Dneprodzerzhinsk Metallurgical Institute in 1935, Brezhnev held a variety of positions: engineer at a metallurgical plant, director of a technicum, deputy chairman of the Dneprodzerzhinsk city executive committee, and head of a department of the Dnepropetrovsk oblast committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine. In 1939 he was named a secretary of the Dnepropetrovsk oblast committee of the CP of the Ukraine.

Between 1941 and 1945, Brezhnev held the following posts: deputy chief of the Political Directorate of the Southern Front, chief of the Political Section of the Eighteenth Army, and chief of the Political Directorate of the Fourth Ukrainian Front. In 1945 and 1946 he was chief of the Political Directorate of the Carpathian Military District. He served in operations in the Caucasus, the Black Sea region, the Crimea, and the Ukraine and in the fighting to liberate Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Hungary from the fascist yoke.

Brezhnev was first secretary of the Zaporozh’e oblast committee of the CP of the Ukraine in 1946 and 1947 and first secretary of the Dnepropetrovsk oblast committee from 1947 to 1950. From 1950 to 1952 he served as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia. He was a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952 and 1953 and deputy chief of the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army in 1953 and 1954. Serving as second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan in 1954 and 1955 and first secretary in 1955 and 1956, he headed work to develop virgin and long-fallow lands.

From 1956 to 1960, Brezhnev was a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, and in 1958 also served as deputy chairman of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU for the RSFSR. He was assigned by the Central Committee to deal with problems of supplying the country’s armed forces with the latest military equipment and of the development of astronautics. From 1960 to 1964 he was chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and concurrently in 1963 and 1964 he was a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. From 1964 to 1966 he was first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU and chairman of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU for the RSFSR.

Brezhnev was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952. In 1952 and 1953 and in 1956 and 1957 he served as a candidate member of the Presidium of the Central Committee. He was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and became a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in 1965. He has received the International Lenin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Nations and in 1975 was awarded the highest honor of the world peace movement, the Joliot-Curie Gold Medal for Peace. In 1977 he was awarded the UN Gold Peace Medal, and in 1982 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the World Federation of Trade Unions.

Brezhnev received the Lenin Prize in 1979 for his books A Small Land, Rebirth, and The Virgin Lands.

Brezhnev is a political leader in the Leninist mold. Possessing rich experience in life and a great talent for organization, he has worked tirelessly to strengthen the Soviet state. Brezhnev has devoted a great deal of effort and energy to the development of the USSR’s international relations, the strengthening of the world socialist system, the struggle for lasting peace and friendship among peoples, and the unification of the international communist and working-class movements.

BUGAEV, BORIS PAVLOVICH. Born 1923. Named minister of civil aviation of the USSR in 1970. Chief marshal of aviation (1977). Hero of Socialist Labor (1966); Honored Pilot of the USSR. Member of the CPSU since 1946.

Bugaev graduated in 1966 from the Higher Aviation School of Civil Aviation. Over a period beginning in 1942 he held pilot and command positions. Between 1966 and 1970 he served as deputy minister and first deputy minister of civil aviation of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

A deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Bugaev has received the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR.

BULGAKOV, ALEKSANDR ALEKSANDROVICH. Born 1907. Named chairman of the State Committee for Vocational-Technical Education of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1964 (the State-Committee for Vocational-Technical Education of the USSR since 1978). Member of the CPSU since 1937.

After graduating from the Kharkov Electrical Engineering Institute in 1939, Bulgakov worked as an engineer. In 1942 he went into party and soviet work. He served as second secretary of the Kharkov oblast committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine from 1954 to 1959 and as a secretary of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions from 1959 to 1964. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1971.

Bulgakov was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BURENKOV, SERGEI PETROVICH. Born 1923. Named minister of public health of the USSR in December 1980. Candidate of medical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Burenkov joined the Soviet Army in 1941. Upon graduation from the Naval Medical Academy in 1947, he practiced medicine. From 1961 to 1966 he engaged in party work. From 1966 to 1971 he was head of the department of health of the Leningrad city soviet, and from 1971 to 1980 he was first deputy minister of public health of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Burenkov was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

BUSYGIN, MIKHAIL IVANOVICH. Born 1931. Named minister of the timber, pulp and paper, and wood-products industry of the USSR in April 1982. Candidate of economic sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1952.

After graduation from the Urals Forestry Institute in 1956, Busygin engaged in engineering, party, and administrative work. From 1974 to 1980 he was a deputy minister of the pulp and paper industry, and from 1980 to 1982 he was first deputy minister of the timber, pulp and paper, and wood-products industry of the USSR.

CHERNENKO, KONSTANTIN USTINOVICH. Born 1911. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in November 1978 and a secretary of the Central Committee in 1976. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1976 and 1981). Member of the CPSU since 1931.

Over a period beginning in 1929, Chernenko engaged in Komsomol and party work. From 1941 to 1943 he was a secretary of the Krasnoiarsk Krai Committee of the party. In 1945 he graduated from the Higher School of Party Organizers under the Central Committee of the ACP(B). Chernenko was a secretary of the party’s Penza oblast committee from 1945 to 1948 and worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia from 1948 to 1956. In 1953 he graduated from the Kishinev Pedagogical Institute.

Chernenko worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1956 to 1960 and headed the Secretariat of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1960 to 1965. In 1965 he was named head of a department of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He was a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1966 to 1971, when he was elected a member. He was elected a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1977.

Chernenko was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

CHUDIN, VITALII IVANOVICH. Born 1929. Named minister of the construction, road-making, and municipal maintenance industry of the USSR in December 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1954.

After graduation from the Altai Institute of Agricultural Machine Building in 1952, Chudin worked as a production engineer and shop director, secretary of a party committee, and a plant director. From 1967 to 1976 he was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kirghiz SSR. From 1976 to 1980 he was a deputy minister of the construction, road-making, and municipal maintenance industry of the USSR. Chudin was elected a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

DEMICHEV, PETR NILOVICH. Born 1918. Named a candidate member of the Politburo (Presidium until 1966) of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1964 and minister of culture of the USSR in 1974. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

From 1937 to 1944, Demichev served in the Soviet Army. He graduated from the D. I. Mendeleev Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering in 1944 and from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1953. He undertook party work in 1945. Demichev worked in the apparatus of the Moscow city committee and the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1950 to 1956 and served as a secretary of the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU from 1956 to 1958. He was administrative head of operations of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1958 and 1959. He served as first secretary of the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU in 1959 and 1960 and first secretary of the Moscow city committee from 1960 to 1962.

Demichev was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961. From 1961 to 1974 he was a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He was a member of the Bureau of the Central Committee for the RSFSR from 1959 to 1961.

A deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Demichev was a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1962 to 1966.

DEMIRCHIAN, KAREN SEROPOVICH. Born 1932. Named first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Armenia in 1974. Member of the CPSU since 1955.

After graduating from the Yerevan Polytechnic Institute in 1954, Demirchian engaged in engineering and party work. In the period from 1961 to 1966 he held the posts of chief engineer and director of a plant. Between 1966 and 1972 he served as a secretary and then second secretary of the Yerevan city committee of the Communist Party of Armenia. Demirchian was a secretary of the Central Committee of the party from 1972 to 1974. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Demirchian was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

DINKOV, VASILII ALEKSANDROVICH. Born 1924. Named minister of the gas industry of the USSR in May 1981. Member of the CPSU since 1946.

After graduating from the M. Azizbekov Azerbaijan Industrial Institute in 1954, Dinkov worked as an engineer in the gas industry. In 1966 he became head of the Central Board for the Extraction of Natural Gas of the Ministry of the Gas Industry of the USSR. In 1970 he became a deputy minister and from 1979 to 1981 was first deputy minister of the gas industry of the USSR.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Dinkov has received the State Prize of the USSR.

DOLGIKH, VLADIMIR IVANOVICH. Born 1924. Named a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in May 1982, and a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1972. Candidate of technical sciences. Hero of Socialist Labor (1965). Member of the CPSU since 1942.

From 1941 to 1943, Dolgikh served in the Soviet Army. After graduating from the Irkutsk Mining and Metallurgical Institute in 1949 he worked as a shift supervisor, shop manager, and chief engineer at a plant. He was chief engineer of the A. P. Zaveniagin Noril’sk Mining and Metallurgical Combine from 1958 to 1962 and director from 1962 to 1969. From 1969 to 1972, Dolgikh was first secretary of the Krasnoiarsk Krai Committee of the CPSU. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Dolgikh was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

DUISHEEV, ARSTANBEK. Born 1932. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kirghiz SSR in January 1981. Candidate of veterinary science. Member of the CPSU since 1957.

After graduating from the Kirghiz Agricultural Institute in 1954, Duisheev became chief veterinary surgeon of a sovkhoz and served as a sovkhoz director. Beginning in 1960 he engaged in party work. In 1968 he became secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kirghizia, and from 1971 to 1979 he was first secretary of the Issyk-Kul’ oblast committee of the Communist Party of Kirghizia. From 1979 to 1981 he was chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Kirghiz SSR and a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Duisheev was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

DYMSHITS, VENIAMIN EMMANUILOVICH. Born 1910. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1962. Hero of Socialist Labor (1980). Member of the CPSU since 1937.

Dymshits graduated from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1945, having worked in construction engineering since 1931. Between 1950 and 1957 he served as deputy minister of the construction of heavy industrial enterprises of the USSR and as deputy minister of the metallurgical and chemical industry of the USSR. From 1957 to 1959 he was chief engineer for the construction of the Bhilai Metallurgical Plant in India.

From 1959 to 1962, Dymshits was first deputy chairman of the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR, holding the rank of minister of the USSR. Between 1962 and 1965 he served as chairman of the Gosplan and the Council on the National Economy of the USSR. From 1965 to 1976 he was chairman of the State Committee for Material and Technical Supply of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

A deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Dymshits has received two State Prizes of the USSR.

EGOROV, MIKHAIL VASIL’EVICH. Born 1907. Named minister of the shipbuilding industry of the USSR in 1976. Hero of Socialist Labor (1963). Member of the CPSU since 1938.

Egorov graduated from the F. E. Dzerzhinskii High School of Naval Engineering in 1930. He held various posts between 1939 and 1958: head and chief engineer of several central boards of the Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry of the USSR and deputy minister of the shipbuilding industry of the USSR. Between 1958 and 1976 he served as first deputy chairman of the State Committee of the Shipbuilding Industry of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and as first deputy minister of the shipbuilding industry of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee oftheCPSUinl981.

Egorov was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ELIUTIN, VIACHESLAV PETROVICH. Born 1907. Named minister of higher and specialized secondary education of the USSR in 1959. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Metallurgical scientist. Member of the CPSU since 1929.

Eliutin graduated from the Moscow Institute of Steel in 1930. In 1933 he went into teaching, and from 1941 to 1943 he served in the Soviet Army. From 1945 to 1951 he was director of the Moscow Institute of Steel. Eliutin was first deputy minister of higher education of the USSR from 1951 to 1954 and minister from 1954 to 1959. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1956 and a member in 1961.

A deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Eliutin has received the State Prize of the USSR.

ERMASH, FILIPP TIMOFEEVICH. Born 1923. Named chairman of the State Committee on Cinematography of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1972 (the State Committee on Cinematography of the USSR since 1978). Member of the CPSU since 1945.

From 1941 to 1946, Ermash served in the Soviet Army. After graduating from the Urals University in 1951, he engaged in Komsomol and party work. From 1962 to 1972 he worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee in 1976.

Ermash was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

EZHEVSKII, ALEKSANDR ALEKSANDROVICH. Born 1915. Named minister of tractor and agricultural machine building of the USSR in October 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Ezhevskii graduated from the Irkutsk Agricultural Institute in 1939. Over a period beginning in 1942 he engaged in engineering, technical, and government work. Between 1954 and 1957 he served as deputy minister of motor vehicle, tractor, and agricultural machine building of the USSR and first deputy minister of tractor and agricultural machine building of the USSR. Ezhevskii was associated with the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR from 1957 to 1962. He was chairman of the All-Union Soiuzsel’khoztekhnika Association from 1962 to 1978 and chairman of the State Committee for the Supply of Farm Machinery, Fuel, and Fertilizer of the USSR from 1978 to 1980. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1971.

Ezhevskii was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

FEDORCHUK, VITALII VASIL’EVICH. Born 1918. Named chairman of the Committee for State Security (KGB) of the USSR in May 1982. Colonel general (1970). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

Fedorchuk graduated from the Higher School of the KGB under the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1960. Since 1939 he has held posts in various bodies of state security. He served in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45. From 1970 to 1982 he was chairman of the Committee for State Security of the Ukrainian SSR.

Fedorchuk was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

FEDOROV, VIKTOR STEPANOVICH. Born 1912. Named minister of the petroleum-refining and petrochemical industry of the USSR in 1965. Candidate of technical sciences. Hero of Socialist Labor (1944). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Fedorov graduated from the Groznyi Institute of Petroleum in 1932. Over a period beginning in 1937 he engaged in scientific and administrative work. He took up his first government position in 1946.

Fedorov was chairman of the State Committee on Chemistry of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1958 to 1963. In 1964 and 1965 he was chairman of the State Committee on the Petroleum-refining and Petrochemical Industry under the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR and held the rank of minister of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1976.

A deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Fedorov has received two State Prizes of the USSR.

FINOGENOV, PAVEL VASIL’EVICH. Born 1919. Named minister of the defense industry of the USSR in January 1979. Hero of Socialist Labor. Member of the CPSU since 1943.

Finogenov earned a correspondence degree from the Lenin-grad Military Engineering Institute in 1953. Beginning in 1941 he held posts as a foreman and a deputy head and head of a shop, and from 1953 to 1960 he was chief engineer and then director of a plant. From 1960 to 1963 he was a deputy chairman of the Vladimir Council of the National Economy, and in 1963 he became head of a board of the State Committee for Defense Technology. In 1965, Finogenov became a deputy minister and from 1973 to 1979 was first deputy minister of the defense industry of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Finogenov was a deputy to the fifth and the tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GAMZATOV, RASUL GAMZATOVICH. Born 1923. Member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1962–66; reappointed 1971). Hero of Socialist Labor (1974); People’s Poet of Dagestan. Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Gamzatov graduated from the M. Gorky Institute of Literature in Moscow in 1950. He became a teacher in 1939 and a journalist in 1941. In 1951 he was named chairman of the administrative board of the Writers’ Union of the Dagestan ASSR and secretary of the administrative board of the Writers’ Union of the RSFSR.

A deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Gamzatov has received the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR.

GAPUROV, MUKHAMEDNAZAR GAPUROVICH. Born 1922. Named first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan in 1969. Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Gapurov graduated from the Chardzhou Pedagogical Institute in 1954. From 1941 to 1943 he served in the Soviet Army. He began working for the Komsomol in 1944. He held the post of secretary of the Central Committee of the Komsomol of Turkmenistan from 1951 to 1955.

From 1957 to 1962, Gapurov served as a secretary and first secretary of the Chardzhou oblast committee of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan. In 1962 and 1963 he was secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan. From 1963 to 1969 he was chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Turkmen SSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1971.

Gapurov was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GARBUZOV, VASILIIFEDOROVICH. Born 1911. Named minister of finance of the USSR in 1960. Candidate of economic sciences. Hero of Socialist Labor (1981). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Garbuzov graduated from the Kharkov Finance and Economics Institute in 1933. During a period beginning in 1936 he engaged in teaching and administrative work. From 1950 to 1952 he was chairman of the State Planning Commission of the Ukrainian SSR. Between 1952 and 1960 he served as deputy minister and first deputy minister of finance of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Garbuzov was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GAVRILOVA, RIMMA ALEKSANDROVNA. Born 1934. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in April 1979. Hero of Socialist Labor (1974). Member of the CPSU since 1966.

In 1950, Gavrilova became a weaver for the Viazniki Production Association of Flaxen Industrial Fabrics in Vladimir Oblast. A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Gavrilova has received the State Prize of the USSR.

GEORGADZE, MIKHAIL PORFIR’EVICH. Born 1912. Named secretary of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1957. Member of the CPSU since 1942.

Upon graduating from the Moscow Institute of Mechanization and Electrification of Agriculture in 1941, Georgadze took up the first in a series of government posts. In 1953 and 1954 and in 1956 and 1957 he was first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Georgian SSR. From 1954 to 1956 he served as second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Georgia. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966.

Georgadze was a deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GILASHVILI, PAVEL GEORGIEVICH. Born 1918. Named a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR in 1976. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

From 1939 to 1945, Gilashvili served in the Soviet Army. He graduated from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1956. From 1958 to 1967 he worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He served as chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Abkhazian ASSR from 1967 to 1972 and as first secretary of the Tbilisi city committee of the Communist Party of Georgia from 1972 to 1976. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976.

Gilashvili was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GITALOV, ALEKSANDR VASIL’EVICH. Born 1915. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1974. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1948 and 1958). Member of the CPSU since 1948.

Gitalov began working on a kolkhoz in 1929 and became a tractor driver in 1934. From 1941 to 1945 he served in the Soviet Army. In 1958 he became the leader of a tractor brigade at the Twentieth Congress of the CPSU Kolkhoz in Novoukrainka Raion, Kirovograd Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. He helped initiate the large-scale mechanization of crop cultivation. He is a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine.

Gitalov was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GLUSHKOV, NIKOLAI TIMOFEEVICH. Born 1918. Named chairman of the State Price Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1975 (the State Price Committee of the USSR since 1978). Candidate of economic sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Glushkov graduated from the All-Union Correspondence Juridical Institute in 1955 and the Institute for Management of the National Economy in 1971. Over a period beginning in 1937 he engaged in accounting and administrative work. From 1957 to 1965 he was first deputy chairman of the Krasnoiarsk Council of the National Economy. From 1966 to 1975 he served in the Ministry of Nonferrous Metallurgy of the USSR as head of the central board and deputy minister. Glushkov became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976.

Glushkov was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GOLDIN, NIKOLAI VASIL’EVICH. Born 1910. Named minister of construction for heavy industrial enterprises in 1967. Hero of Socialist Labor (1980). Member of the CPSU since 1929.

After graduating from the Kharkov Electrical Engineering Institute in 1937, Goldin became an engineer and held government posts. From 1950 to 1958 he served as deputy minister of a series of construction ministries of the USSR. From 1958 to 1961 he was chief construction engineer of the Bhilai Metallurgical Combine in India. Between 1963 and 1967 he served as deputy chairman of the State Committee of the USSR on Installation and Specialized Construction Work and deputy minister of installation and specialized construction work. Goldin was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

A deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Goldin has received the State Prize of the USSR.

GORBACHEV, MIKHAIL SERGEEVICH. Born 1931. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in October 1980 and a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1978. Member of the CPSU since 1952.

Gorbachev graduated from the department of law at Moscow State University in 1955. In 1967 he completed a correspondence course through the Stavropol’ Agricultural Institute. Between 1958 and 1962 he served as second and first secretary of the Stavropol’ Krai Committee of the Komsomol. Between 1966 and 1970 he held the posts of first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the CPSU and second secretary of the Stavropol’ Krai Committee. He was first secretary of the krai committee from 1970 to 1978. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971, and he was a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1979 to 1980.

Gorbachev was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GRISHIN, VIKTOR VASIL’EVICH. Born 1914. Named first secretary of the Moscow city committee of the CPSU in 1967, a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971, and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1967. Hero of Socialist Labor (1974). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Grishin graduated from the Moscow Geodetic Technicum in 1939. In 1932 and 1933 he worked as a land use technician in the Serpukhov raion land section of Moscow Oblast. In 1937 he graduated from the Moscow Technicum of Steam Locomotive Traction. In 1937 and 1938 he was deputy chief of the locomotive depot at Serpukhov. From 1938 to 1940 he served in the Soviet Army. He served as secretary of the party committee of the Serpukhov station in 1941 and 1942.

From 1942 to 1950, Grishin held a series of posts on the Serpukhov city party committee, serving as a secretary, second secretary, and first secretary. He was subsequently associated with the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU, holding the positions of head of a department from 1950 to 1952 and second secretary from 1952 to 1956. From 1956 to 1967 he was chairman of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. Elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952, he was a candidate member of the Politburo (Presidium up to 1966) of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1961 to 1971.

Grishin was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GRISHKIAVICHIUS, PIATRAS PIATROVICH (also Petras GriSkeviöus). Born 1924. Named first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lithuania (CPL) in 1974. Member of the CPSU since 1945.

From 1942 to 1944, Grishkiavichius served in the Soviet Army and took part in the partisan movement. Over a period beginning in 1944 he engaged in journalistic and party work. In 1958 he graduated from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU. Between 1955 and 1964, Grishkiavichius served as a secretary and second secretary of the Vilnius city committee of the CPL. From 1964 to 1971 he worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPL. He served as first secretary of the Vilnius city committee of the CPL from 1971 to 1974. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Grishkiavichius was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GROMYKO, ANDREI ANDREEVICH. Born 1909. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1973 and minister of foreign affairs of the USSR in 1957. Doctor of economic sciences. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1969 and 1979). Member of the CPSU since 1931.

Gromyko graduated from an economics institute in 1932 and completed his graduate studies in 1936. That same year he became a research worker at the Institute of Economics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1939 he began his diplomatic career. From 1943 to 1946 he held the concurrent posts of ambassador of the USSR to the USA and envoy to the Republic of Cuba. From 1946 to 1948 he was permanent representative of the USSR in the Security Council of the UN.

Gromyko was deputy minister of foreign affairs of the USSR from 1946 to 1949 and first deputy minister from 1949 to 1952. In 1952 and 1953 he served as ambassador of the USSR to Great Britain. From 1953 to 1957 he was first deputy minister of foreign affairs of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952 and a member in 1956.

Gromyko was a deputy to the second and the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GROSSU, SEMEN KUZ’MICH. Born 1934. Named first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia in December 1980. Candidate of economic sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1961.

After graduating from the Kishinev Agricultural Institute in 1959, Grossu became a chief agronomist at a kolkhoz; he was subsequently named chairman of the kolkhoz. From 1964 to 1967 he served as director of the Suvorovo raion agricultural production administration in the Moldavian SSR. He was first secretary of the Kriuliany raion committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia from 1967 to 1970 and a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia from 1970 to 1976. Grossu was chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR from 1976 to 1980. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Grossu was a deputy to the seventh, ninth, and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

GUZHENKO, TIMOFEI BORISOVICH. Born 1918. Named minister of the merchant marine of the USSR in 1970. Hero of Socialist Labor (1977). Member of the CPSU since 1941.

Guzhenko graduated from the Odessa Institute of Engineers of Water Transport in 1942 and from the Merchant Marine Academy in 1951. Over a period beginning in 1942 he held engineering and technical positions and engaged in party work. Between 1951 and 1962 he served as the head of commercial ports and as chief of the Sakhalin Sea Steamship Company; during this period he also served on the staff of the Ministry of the Merchant Marine of the USSR.

From 1962 to 1966, Guzhenko worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He served as first deputy minister of the Merchant Marine of the USSR from 1966 to 1970. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971 and a member in 1976.

Guzhenko was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

IASHIN, ALEKSEI IVANOVICH. Born 1919. Named minister of the building-materials industry of the USSR in January 1979. Member of the CPSU since 1941.

Iashin graduated from the Moscow Institute of Railroad Transportation in 1941 and earned a correspondence degree from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the ACP(B) in 1947. Beginning in 1941 he worked as an engineer and from 1943 engaged in party work. From 1954 to 1957 he was a deputy minister of construction of the USSR and afterward held other government posts. From 1963 to 1973 he was a deputy chairman of the State Committee for Construction of the USSR and was a deputy minister for installation and specialized construction work of the USSR. From 1973 to 1979, Iashin was first deputy chairman of the Moscow soviet. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Iashin was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

IASNOV, MIKHAIL ALEKSEEVICH. Born 1906. Named a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1967 and chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR in 1966. Hero of Socialist Labor (1976). Member of the CPSU since 1925.

Iasnov graduated from the workers’ school at Moscow State University in 1925. Beginning in 1930 he held a series of executive positions. He was a deputy chairman of the Moscow city executive committee from 1938 to 1949 and chairman from 1950 to 1956. He served as chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR in 1956 and 1957 and as first deputy chairman from 1957 to 1966. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952.

Iasnov was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and served as chairman of the Soviet of the Union of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1950 to 1954.

IAZKULIEV, BALLY. Born 1930. Named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Turkmen SSR in December 1978 and a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in March 1979. Member of the CPSU since 1953.

Iazkuliev graduated from the Chardzhou Pedagogical Institute in 1952. Over a period beginning in 1949 he worked as a teacher and engaged in Komsomol and party work. From 1957 to 1960 he was first secretary of the Tazhauz oblast committee of the Komsomol of Turkmenistan. Between 1962 and 1970 he served as chairman of the Il’ialy and Leninsk raion executive committees of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan and as first secretary of the Il’ialy raion committee. He was chairman of the Tashauz oblast executive committee from 1971 to 1973 and chairman of the Council of Trade Unions of Turkmenistan from 1973 to 1975. He was chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Turkmen SSR and minister of foreign affairs of the Turkmen SSR from 1975 to 1978. Iazkuliev became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Iazkuliev was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

IMASHEV, SATTAR NURMASHEVICH. Born 1925. Named a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in June 1980 and chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR in December 1979. Candidate of historical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Imashev served in the Soviet Army from 1943 to 1946. He graduated from the republic party school under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan and from Kazakh University as an external student in 1949. He then held party posts (1946–47, 1949–50, 1958–60) and engaged in scholarly research (1953–58). In 1960 he was made secretary of the Tselinnyi krai committee, and from 1965 to 1980 he was a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. Imashev became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Imashev was a deputy to the eighth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

IZRAEL’, IURII ANTONIEVICH. Born 1930. Named chairman of the State Committee on Hydrometeorology and Monitoring the Natural Environment of the USSR in 1978. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1974). Specialist in atmospheric physics and applied geophysics. Member of the CPSU since 1955.

After graduating from the department of physics and mathematics at the Middle Asian University in 1953, Izrael’ engaged in research work at the Institute of Applied Geophysics. In 1963 he became head of a laboratory at the institute and served as director of the institute from 1970 to 1973. Izrael’ served as assistant head of the Chief Administration of the Hydrometeorological Service of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1970 to 1974, and as head from 1974 to 1978. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

Izrael’ was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KALIN, IVAN PETROVICH. Born 1935. Named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR in April 1980 and a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1980. Candidate of economic sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1955.

Kalin graduated from the Kishinev Agricultural Institute in 1960 and from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1969. Over the period beginning in 1960, he worked as an agronomist and served as a deputy chairman of a kolkhoz in the Moldavian SSR. In 1963 he began to engage in party work. From 1971 to 1976 he was a department head and from 1976 to 1980 a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia. Kalin was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Kalin was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KAMENTSEV, VLADIMIR MIKHAILOVICH. Born 1928. Named minister of the fishing industry of the USSR in February 1979. Member of the CPSU since 1954.

Kamentsev graduated from the Moscow Technical Institute of the Fishing Industry in 1950 and then engaged in engineering and administrative work in the fishing industry. From 1962 to 1964 he was a deputy chairman and from 1964 to 1965 first deputy chairman of the State Committee for the Fishing Industry of the USSR. From 1965 to 1979 he was first deputy minister of the fishing industry of the USSR. Kamentsev was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Kamentsev was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KAPITONOV, IVAN VASIL’EVICH. Born 1915. Named a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1965. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

In 1938, Kapitonov graduated from the Moscow Institute of Municipal Construction Engineering. Over a period beginning in 1941 he engaged in party and soviet work. In 1951 and 1952 he served as a secretary and second secretary of the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU. From 1952 to 1954 he was first secretary of the Moscow city committee of the CPSU. He served as first secretary of the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU from 1954 to 1959 and as first secretary of the Ivanovo oblast committee of the CPSU from 1959 to 1964.

In 1964 and 1965, Kapitonov headed a department of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952, he served as a member of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU for the RSFSR from 1956 to 1959 and from 1964 to 1966.

A deputy of the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Kapitonov was a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1954 to 1962.

KARAVAEV, GEORGII ARKAD’EVICH. Born 1913. Named minister of construction of the USSR in 1967. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

After graduating from the Leningrad Institute of Water Transport Engineering in 1935, Karavaev engaged in engineering and technical work. Between 1951 and 1961 he held the post of deputy minister in a series of construction ministries. From 1961 to 1967 he was a minister of the USSR, serving as chairman of the administrative board of the Construction Investment Bank (Stroibank) and as first deputy chairman of the State Committee for Construction (Gosstroi) of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971 and a member in 1976.

A deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Karavaev has received the State Prize of the USSR.

KARRYEV, CHARY SOIUNOVICH. Born 1932. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Turkmen SSR in December 1978. Member of the CPSU since 1958.

After graduating from the Moscow Petroleum Institute in 1955, Karryev held a series of engineering, technical, and administrative positions. He turned to party work in 1965. Between 1974 and 1978 he served as first secretary of the Ashkhabad oblast committee and as a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

Karryev was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KARTVELISHVILI, DMITRII LEVANOVICH. Born 1927. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Georgian SSR in July 1982. Member of the CPSU since 1956.

Kartvelishvili graduated from the Georgian Polytechnic Institute in 1951 and subsequently held engineering and soviet posts. In 1976 he became first deputy chairman of the State Planning Commission of the Georgian SSR and then served in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Georgia. From 1979 to 1982 he was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers and chairman of the State Planning Committee of the Georgian SSR.

KAZANETS, IVAN PAVLOVICH. Born 1918. Named minister of ferrous metallurgy of the USSR in 1965. Member of the CPSU since 1944.

After graduating from the Siberian Metallurgical Institute in 1944, Kazanets engaged in engineering, technical, and party work. He was first secretary of the Donetsk oblast committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine from 1953 to 1960 and second secretary of the Central Committee of the CP of the Ukraine from 1960 to 1963. From 1963 to 1965 he held the post of chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1956 and a member in 1961.

Kazanets was a deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KEBIN, IVAN GUSTAVOVICH. Born 1905. Named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR and a deputy chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1978. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the CPSU since 1927.

From 1927 to 1936, Kebin engaged in soviet and party work. In 1938 he completed two years’ study at the Institute of the Red Professors and became an instructor at the I. M. Gubkin Moscow Petroleum Institute. From 1941 to 1947 he worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Estonia. In 1947 and 1948 he served as director of the Institute of Party History under the Central Committee of the Estonian CP. He was a secretary of the Central Committee of the Estonian CP from 1948 to 1950 and first secretary from 1950 to 1978. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952.

Kebin was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KHALILOV, KURBAN ALI OGLY. Born 1906. Named a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1970 and chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR in 1969. Member of the CPSU since 1926.

Khalilov graduated from the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute in 1933. He engaged in engineering and technical work over a period beginning in 1932 and took up the first in a series of party and administrative positions in 1942. He served as minister of local industry of the Azerbaijan SSR from 1956 to 1958 and as minister of finance from 1958 to 1969. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1971.

Khalilov was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KHITROV, STEPAN DMITRIEVICH. Born 1910. Named minister of rural construction of the USSR in 1967. Member of the CPSU since 1932.

Khitrov became a construction technician in 1935. Beginning in 1938 he engaged in party work. In 1955 he graduated from the All-Union Correspondence Polytechnical Institute. From 1960 to 1967 he served as first secretary of the Voronezh oblast committee of the CPSU. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and. a member in 1966.

Khitrov was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KHITRUN, LEONID IVANOVICH. Born 1930. Named chairman of the State Committee for the supply of Farm Machinery, Fuel, and Fertilizer of the USSR in October 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1955.

Khitrun graduated from the Byelorussian Agricultural Academy in 1953. From 1962 to 1971 he served as chairman of the Belsel’khoztekhnika Production Association. From 1971 to 1972 and from 1976 to 1979 he was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Byelorussian SSR. From 1972 to 1976, Khitrun was first deputy minister of agriculture of the USSR. From 1979 to 1980 he was a deputy department head of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He was made a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

KHOLOV, MAKHMADULA. Born 1920. Named a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1964 and chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Tadzhik SSR in 1963. Member of the CPSU since 1947.

Kholov served in the Soviet Army from 1940 to 1942 and from 1944 to 1947. He graduated from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1969. Kholov took up Komsomol work in 1947 and engaged in party and soviet work from 1954 to 1963. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1966. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Kholov was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KHUDAIBERDYEV, NARMAKHONMADI DZHURAEVICH. Born 1928. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Uzbek SSR in 1971. Candidate of veterinary sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1948.

Khudaiberdyev took up Komsomol work in 1943. In 1949 he graduated from the V. V. Kuibyshev Uzbek Agricultural Institute. In 1954 he assumed his first post in the party. In 1960 and 1961 he was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Uzbek SSR. Between 1961 and 1965 he served as first secretary of the Surkhandar’ia oblast committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan and as a secretary of the Central Committee of the party.

Khudaiberdyev was minister of agriculture of the Uzbek SSR from 1965 to 1971. He was a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1961 to 1966 and was elected a member in 1971.

Khudaiberdyev was a deputy to the sixth, ninth, and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KHURAMSHIN, TALGAT ZAKIROVICH. Born 1932. Named chairman of the State Committee for the Supply of Petroleum Products of the USSR in August 1981. Hero of Socialist Labor (1971). Member of the CPSU since 1954.

Khuramshin graduated from the Ufa Institute of Petroleum in 1964 and from the Institute for the Management of the National Economy in 1973. Beginning in 1961 he worked as an engineer, and from 1965 to 1978 was director of petroleum refining plants. From 1979 to 1981 he was chairman of the State Committee for the Supply of Petroleum Products of the RSFSR.

KIRILENKO, ANDREI PAVLOVICH. Born 1906. Named a member of the Politburo (Presidium until 1966) of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1962 and a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1966 and 1976). Member of the CPSU since 1931.

In 1929 and 1930, Kirilenko held positions with the Komsomol, Soviets, and cooperatives. After graduating from the Rybinsk Aviation Institute in 1936, he became a design engineer at a plant. Between 1938 and 1941 he served as second secretary of a raion committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine and as a secretary and second secretary of the Zaporozh’e oblast committee of the CP of the Ukraine. Between 1941 an 1944 he was a member of the Military Council of the Eighteenth Army and a representative of the State Defense Committee at an aviation plant. He subsequently held a series of posts with oblast committees of the CP of the Ukraine; he was second secretary of the Zaporozh’e committee from 1944 to 1947, first secretary of the Nikolaev committee from 1947 to 1950, and first secretary of the Dnepropetrovsk committee from 1950 to 1955. From 1955 to 1962 he was first secretary of the Sverdlovsk oblast committee of the CPSU.

Kirilenko was elected a member of the Central Committee in 1956. He was a member of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU for the RSFSR in 1956 and 1957 and was first deputy chairman of the bureau from 1962 to 1966. He was a candidate member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1957 to 1961.

Kirilenko was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KISELEV, TIKHONIAKOVLEVICH. Born 1917. Named a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in October 1980 and first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia in October 1980. Hero of Socialist Labor (1977). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

In 1941, Kiselev graduated from the Gomel’ Pedagogical Institute. In 1936 he became a teacher. He took up party work in 1944 and joined the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia in 1948. From 1952 to 1955 he was first secretary of the Brest oblast committee of the CP of Byelo-russia. Kiselev was a secretary of the Central Committee of the CP of Byelorussia in 1955 and 1956 and second secretary from 1956 to 1959. He was chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Byelorussian SSR from 1959 to 1978 and a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1978 to 1980. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961. Kiselev became a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1981.

Kiselev was a deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KLAUSON, VAL’TER IVANOVICH. Born 1914. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Estonian SSR in 1961. Member of the CPSU since 1943.

Klauson graduated from a highway technicum in 1933 and from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1965. He engaged in administrative work beginning in 1933. From 1941 to 1944 he served in the Soviet Army. In 1944, Klauson took up the first in a series of government positions. In 1953 and 1954 he was minister of motor vehicle transportation and highways of the Estonian SSR. From 1954 to 1961 he served as first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Estonian SSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Klauson was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KONOTOP, VASILII IVANOVICH. Born 1916. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1966 and first secretary of the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU in 1963. Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Konotop became a technician in 1933. After graduating from the Kharkov Institute of Machine Building and Mechanical Engineering in 1940, he took up engineering and technical work. He began party work in 1949. From 1956 to 1959 he was second secretary of the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU. From 1959 to 1963 he served as chairman of the Moscow oblast executive committee. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1964.

Konotop was a deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KOSHOEV, TEMIRBEK KHUDAIBERGENOVICH. Born 1931. Named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Kirghiz SSR in January 1981 and a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in June 1981. Member of the CPSU since 1952.

Koshoev graduated from the Kirghiz Agricultural Institute in 1957 and subsequently engaged in party and soviet work. From 1966 to 1978 he was chairman of the Osh oblast executive committee and from 1978 to 1980 was first secretary of the Osh oblast committee of the Communist Party of Kirghizia. He was elected a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

Koshoev was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KOSTANDOV, LEONID ARKAD’EVICH. Born 1915. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in September 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1942.

After graduating from the Moscow Institute of Chemical Machine Building in 1940, Kostandov engaged in engineering, technical, and government work. Between 1958 and 1963 he held the posts of deputy chairman and first deputy chairman of the State Committee for Chemistry of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Between 1963 and 1965 he was a minister of the USSR, serving successively as chairman of the State Committee for Chemical and Petroleum Machine Building and chairman of the State Committee for the Chemical Industry. From 1965 to 1980, Kostandov was minister of the chemical industry of the USSR. He became a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1971.

A deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Kostandov has received the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR.

KOVALENKO, ALEKSANDR VLASOVICH. Born 1909. Named chairman of the State Committee on Material Resources of the USSR in December 1980. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1948 and 1976). Member of the CPSU since 1931.

Kovalenko graduated from the Artem Kharkov Agricultural Communist University in 1937 and subsequently held managerial, soviet, and party posts. From 1941 to 1943 he served in a partisan detachment and was a secretary of an underground raion committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine (Kharkov Oblast). From 1960 to 1964, Kovalenko was first secretary of the Belgorod oblast committee and from 1964 to 1980 was first secretary of the Orenburg oblast committee of the CPSU. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Kovalenko was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KOZLOV, NIKOLAI TIMOFEEVICH. Born 1925. Named minister of fruit and vegetable supply of the USSR in December 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1946.

Kozlov graduated from the K. A. Timiriazev Moscow Agricultural Academy in 1952. From 1943 to 1947 he served in the Soviet Army and beginning in 1953 he engaged in party and soviet work. From 1960 to 1963 he was secretary of the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU, and from 1963 to 1980 he was chairman of the Moscow oblast executive committee. Kozlov was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1971.

Kozlov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KOZLOVSKII, EVGENII ALEKSANDROVICH. Born 1929. Named minister of geology of the USSR in 1975. Doctor of technical sciences; professor. Member of the CPSU since 1955.

After graduating from the S. Ordzhonikidze Moscow Geological Prospecting Institute in 1953, Kozlovskii engaged in engineering and administrative work in the field of geological exploration. From 1965 to 1973 he was director of the Technical Board of the Ministry of Geology of the RSFSR. In 1973 and 1974 he was director of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of the Economics of Mineral Raw Materials and Geological Prospecting of the Ministry of Geology of the USSR and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1974 and 1975 he served as deputy minister of geology of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Kozlovskii has received the Lenin Prize.

KROTOV, VIKTOR VASIL’EVICH. Born 1912. Named minister of power engineering machine building of the USSR in 1975. Member of the CPSU since 1944.

After graduating from the Perm’ Industrial Technicum in 1933, Krotov took up engineering and technical work. Between 1945 and 1963 he was the director of a series of plants. In 1957 he graduated from the S. M. Kirov Urals Polytechnic Institute. From 1963 to 1965 he served as chairman of the Central Urals Council of the National Economy.

In 1965, Krotov was named chairman of a state committee and became a minister of the USSR. Between 1965 and 1975 he served as deputy minister and first deputy minister of heavy, power engineering, and transportation machine building. He was a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1961 to 1966 and was reelected in 1976. Krotov was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Krotov has received the State Prize of the USSR.

KUNAEV, DINMUKHAMED AKHMEDOVICH. Born 1912. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971 ; first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan (1960–62; reappointed 1964); named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1962. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR. Three times Hero of Socialist Labor (1972, 1976, and 1982). Doctor of technical sciences; specialist in the theory and practice of open-pit working of ore deposits. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Kunaev graduated from the Moscow Institute of Nonferrous Metals and Gold in 1936. He worked at nonferrous metallurgical enterprises in Kazakhstan as head of a shop, chief engineer, chief of a technical department, director of a mine, and director of a mining administration. From 1942 to 1952 he was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR.

Kunaev served as president of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR from 1952 to 1955. He held the post as chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR from 1955 to 1960 and from 1962 to 1964. Kunaev was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1956. He was a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1966 to 1971.

Kunaev was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

KUZNETSOV, VASILII VASIL’EVICH. Born 1901. Named a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU and first deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in October 1977. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1971 and 1981). Candidate of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1927.

Kuznetsov graduated from the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute in 1926. Over a period beginning in 1927 he engaged in engineering and technical work. From 1940 to 1943 he was deputy chairman of the State Planning Commission (Gosplan) of the USSR. He served as chairman of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions from 1944 to 1953; in 1945 he also became a member of the General Council of the Executive Committee of the World Federation of Trade Unions and was named vice-president of the federation.

Between 1953 and 1955, Kuznetsov served as deputy minister of foreign affairs of the USSR and as ambassador of the USSR to the People’s Republic of China. From 1955 to 1977 he was first deputy minister of foreign affairs of the USSR. Kuznetsov was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952. In 1952 and 1953 he was a member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Kuznetsov was a deputy to the second through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. From 1950 to 1953 he was a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Kuznetsov has received the State Prize of the USSR.

LAPIN, SERGEI GEORGIEVICH. Born 1912. Named chairman of the State Committee for Television and Radio of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1970 (the State Committee for Television and Radio of the USSR since 1978). Hero of Socialist Labor (1982). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Lapin became a journalist in 1932. After graduating from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the ACP(B) in 1942, he worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee. From 1944 to 1955 he was deputy chairman of the Committee on Radiofication and Radio Broadcasting of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

Between 1955 and 1967, Lapin headed a department in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR and served as ambassador to Austria and to the People’s Republic of China; his other posts in this period were minister of foreign affairs of the RSFSR, first deputy chairman of the State Committee for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, and deputy minister of foreign affairs of the USSR. From 1967 to 1970 he was general director of the Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS). He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966.

Lapin was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

LEIN, VOL’DEMAR PETROVICH. Born 1920. Named minister of the food-processing industry of the USSR in 1970. Member of the CPSU since 1946.

In 1942 and 1943, Lein served in the Soviet Army. He graduated from the Moscow Technological Institute of the Food Industry in 1945. He took up engineering and technical work in the same year, and he subsequently engaged in party and soviet work. From 1961 to 1970 he was secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971 and a member in 1976.

Lein was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

LIASHKO, ALEKSANDR PAVLOVICH. Born 1915. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR in 1972. Member of the CPSU since 1942.

From 1941 to 1945, Liashko served in the Soviet Army. He graduated from the Donetsk Industrial Institute in 1947. Between 1945 and 1952 he was associated with the Novokramatorsk Machine-building Plant, where he rose from a position as an engineer to the post of deputy director.

From 1952 to 1954, Liashko was first secretary of the Kramatorsk city committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine. He was a secretary and second secretary of the Donetsk oblast committee of the CP of the Ukraine between 1954 and 1960 and first secretary from 1960 to 1963. Between 1963 and 1969 he was a secretary and second secretary of the Central Committee of the CP of the Ukraine. Between 1969 and 1972, Liashko served as chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR and as a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Liashko was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

LISTOV, VLADIMIR VLADIMIROVICH. Born 1931. Named minister of the chemical industry of the USSR in November 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1962.

Upon graduation from the Tomsk Polytechnic Institute in 1955, Listov engaged in engineering work. From 1962 to 1964 he was director of a plant in Kemerovo and from 1966 to 1970 was first secretary of the Kemerovo city committee of the CPSU. From 1971 to 1977 he was a deputy minister of the chemical industry of the USSR, and from 1977 to 1980 he was a department head of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Listov was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Listov has received the State Prize of the USSR.

LOMAKO, PETR FADEEVICH. Born 1904. Named minister of nonferrous metallurgy of the USSR in 1965. Hero of Socialist Labor (1974). Member of the CPSU since 1925.

Over a period beginning in 1921, Lomako worked in the Komsomol and trade unions. After graduating from the Moscow Institute of Nonferrous Metals and Gold in 1932, he took up engineering and technical work.

Lomako served as people’s commissar (minister from 1946) of nonferrous metallurgy of the USSR from 1940 to 1948, 1950 to 1953, and 1954 to 1957. Between 1957 and 1962 he held the posts of chairman of the Krasnoiarsk Council on the National Economy, deputy chairman of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU for the RSFSR, and chairman of the State Scientific Economics Council of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Between 1962 and 1965 he served as a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and as chairman of the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952 and a member in 1961.

Lomako was a deputy to the second and fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

LOMONOSOV, VLADIMIR GRIGOR’EVICH. Born 1928. Named chairman of the State Committee on Labor and Social Problems of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1976 (the State Committee on Labor and Social Problems of the USSR since 1978). Member of the CPSU since 1950.

After graduating from the Moscow Institute of Steel in 1953, Lomonosov began working at the Serp i Molot Moscow Metallurgical Plant, where he held the positions of assistant foreman, foreman, and secretary of the party committee. Over a period beginning in 1958 he engaged in party work. In 1963 and 1964 he was chairman of the Middle Asian Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU. From 1965 to 1976 he served as second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966.

Lomonosov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

MAIORETS, ANATOLII IVANOVICH. Born 1929. Named minister of the electrical engineering industry of the USSR in December 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1957.

Maiorets graduated from the Zaporozh’e Machine Building Institute in 1962. Over a period beginning in 1953 he worked as an electrician, the head of a shop, and the director of the Zaporozh’e Transformer Plant. From 1965 to 1980 he was a deputy minister and then first deputy minister of the electrical engineering industry of the USSR. Maiorets was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Maiorets has received the State Prize of the USSR.

MAKEEV, VALENTIN NIKOLAEVICH. Born 1930. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in October 1980. Candidate of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1956.

Makeev graduated from the Moscow Engineering Economics Institute in 1953. In 1957 he began work as a teacher, and in 1964 he began to engage in party work. In 1976 he became a secretary and from 1976 to 1980 was second secretary of the Moscow city committee of the CPSU. Makeev was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Makeev was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

MAKHKAMOV, KAKHAR MAKHKAMOVICH. Born 1932. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Tadzhik SSR in April 1982. Member of the CPSU since 1957.

Upon graduation from the Leningrad Mining Institute in 1953, Makhkamov held engineering, administrative, and soviet posts. In 1963 he was named chairman of the State Planning Commission of the Tadzhik SSR. From 1965 to 1982 he was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Tadzhik SSR and chairman of the State Planning Commission of the Tadzhik SSR.

Makhkamov was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

MAL’TSEV, NIKOLAI ALEKSEEVICH. Born 1928. Named minister of the petroleum industry of the USSR in 1977. Hero of Socialist Labor (1971). Candidate of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1953.

In the period following his graduation from the Groznyi Petroleum Institute in 1951, Mal’tsev engaged in engineering and technical work and in economic administration. From 1963 to 1972 he headed the Permneft Production Association. From 1972 to 1977 he served as first deputy minister of the petroleum industry of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Mal’tsev was a deputy to the seventh, ninth, and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

MARCHUK, GURII IVANOVICH. Born 1925. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology of the USSR in January 1981. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1968). Mathematician. Member of the CPSU since 1947.

Upon graduation from Leningrad State University in 1949, Marchuk engaged in scientific work. In 1964 he became director of the Computer Center of the Siberian Division of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and, simultaneously, from 1969 to 1975 he was a deputy chairman of the Siberian Division of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. From 1975 to 1980, Marchuk was vice-president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and chairman of the Siberian Division of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976 and a member in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Marchuk has received the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR.

MARTYNOV, NIKOLAI VASIL’EVICH. Born 1910. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and chairman of the State Committee for Material and Technical Supply of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1976 (the State Committee for Material and Technical Supply of the USSR since 1978). Hero of Socialist Labor (1980). Member of the CPSU since 1932.

Martynov studied at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute. In 1934 he took up engineering and technical work. Between 1941 and 1957 he held the posts of deputy people’s commissar of ammunition of the USSR and deputy minister of tractor and agricultural machine building of the USSR. Between 1957 and 1964 he served as first deputy chairman and chairman of the Council of the National Economy of the Tashkent Economic Region, as chairman of the Council of the National Economy of the Uzbek SSR, and as a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan.

In 1964 and 1965, Martynov was a minister of the USSR, serving as deputy chairman of the Council of the National Economy of the USSR. From 1965 to 1976 he was first deputy chairman of the State Committee for Material and Technical Supply of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. He was a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU from 1961 to 1966. Martynov was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

A deputy to the sixth through ninth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Martynov has received the State Prize of the USSR.

MEL’NICHENKO, AFANASII KONDRAT’EVICH. Born 1923. Named minister of the medical industry of the USSR in 1975. Candidate of pharmaceutical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1943.

Mel’nichenko served in the Soviet Army from 1941 to 1944. In 1944 he began working in the public health system. He graduated from the Odessa Pharmacy Institute in 1950. From 1952 to 1959, Mel’nichenko worked on the staff of the Ministry of Public Health of the USSR. Between 1959 and and 1970 he served as director of the Central Scientific Research Institute of Pharmacy and engaged in party work. From 1970 to 1975 he held the post of deputy chairman of the Moscow city soviet. Mel’nichenko became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976.

Mel’nichenko was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

MESIATS, VALENTIN KARPOVICH. Born 1928. Named minister of agriculture of the USSR in 1976. Member of the CPSU since 1955.

Mesiats took up Komsomol work in 1946. After graduating from the K. A. Timiriazev Moscow Agricultural Academy in 1953, he became an agronomist at a machine-tractor station; he was subsequently named the station’s director, a post he held until 1958. Over a period beginning in 1958, Mesiats engaged in soviet and party work. Between 1964 and 1971 he served as a secretary of the Moscow oblast committee of the CPSU and as first deputy minister of agriculture of the RSFSR.

From 1971 to 1976, Mesiats was second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Mesiats was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

MUKHINA, EKATERINA IVANOVNA. Born 1944. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in April 1979.

Upon graduation from the Omsk Medical Institute in 1970, Mukhina served as a physician at the Surgut Raion Hospital in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. She was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

MUSIN, RASHID MUSINOVICH. Born 1927. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in June 1980. Member of the CPSU since 1952.

Upon graduation from the Moscow Power Engineering Institute in 1950, Musin held engineering, administrative, and party posts. From 1961 to 1979 he was first secretary of the Kazan city committee of the CPSU, and in 1979 he became first secretary of the Tatar oblast committee of the CPSU. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Musin was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

NABIEV, RAKHMAN. Born 1930. Named first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tadzhikistan in April 1982. Member of the CPSU since 1960.

Nabiev graduated from the Tashkent Institute for Irrigation and the Mechanization of Agriculture in 1954. Between 1954 and 1961 he engaged in engineering and technical work and served as deputy chairman of the Tadzhiksel’khoztekhnika Association. From 1961 to 1971 he worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tadzhikistan. From 1971 to 1973, Nabiev was minister of agriculture of the Tadzhik SSR. From 1973 to 1982 he was chairman of the Council of Ministers and minister of foreign affairs of the Tadzhik SSR. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976.

Nabiev was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

NAIASHKOV, IVAN SEMONOVICH. Born 1924. Named chairman of the State Committee for Inventions and Discoveries of the USSR in January 1979. Candidate of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1961.

Upon graduation from the Moscow Power Engineering Institute in 1949, Naiashkov worked as a teacher and engaged in scientific work. In 1964 he became director of the V. I. Lenin All-Union Electrical Engineering Institute. In 1973 he became a deputy chairman of the State Committee for Inventions and Discoveries of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (from May 1978, the State Committee for Inventions and Discoveries of the USSR), and from 1975 to 1979 he was first deputy chairman of the committee. Naiashkov was elected a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

NEPOROZHNII, PETR STEPANOVICH. Born 1910. Named minister of energy resources and electrification of the USSR in 1962 (chairman of the State Committee on Energy Resources and Electrification of the USSR, 1963–65). Doctor of technical sciences; professor. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

Neporozhnii graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Water Transport in 1933. Over a period beginning in 1935 he engaged in engineering work and took part in construction projects. From 1940 to 1954 he was chief engineer for the construction of a number of power plants.

Between 1954 and 1959, Neporozhnii served as a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR and chairman of the State Committee for Construction (Gosstroi) of the Ukrainian SSR. From 1959 to 1962 he was first deputy minister of the USSR for construction of electric power plants. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1971.

A deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Neporpzhnii has received the Lenin Prize.

NIKOLAEVA-TERESHKOVA, VALENTINA VLADIMIROVNA. Born 1937. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1974. Pilot-cosmonaut of the USSR; Hero of the Soviet Union (1963). Candidate of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1962.

Between 1954 and 1962, Nikolaeva-Tereshkova was a worker; for part of the period she was employed at an industrial fabrics combine, where she was secretary of the Komsomol committee. Named a cosmonaut in 1962, she made a flight into space aboard the Vostok 6 spacecraft in 1963.

Nikolaeva-Tereshkova graduated from the N. E. Zhukovskii Air Force Engineering Academy in 1969. In 1968 she became chairman of the Committee of Soviet Women. She was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Nikolaeva-Tereshkova was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

NOVIKOV, IGNATII TROFIMOVICH. Born 1907. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and chairman of the State Committee for Construction (Gosstroi) of the USSR in 1962. Hero of Socialist Labor (1961). Member of the CPSU since 1926.

After graduating from the Dneprodzerzhinsk Metallurgical Institute in 1932, Novikov engaged in engineering and technical work. From 1937 to 1941 he was director of a plant. From 1941 to 1943 he served as a secretary of the Saratov oblast party committee.

From 1943 to 1950, Novikov headed the Central Board of the People’s Commissariat (Ministry from 1946) of Electric Power Plants of the USSR. From 1950 to 1958 he directed the construction of the Gorky and Kremenchug hydroelectric power plants. Between 1958 and 1962 he held the posts of deputy minister and minister for the construction of electric power plants of the USSR. In 1962, Novikov became minister of energy resources and electrification of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Novikov was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

NOVOSELOVA, NINA ALEKSANDROVNA. Born 1937. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1974.

In 1956, Novoselova became a milling-machine operator at the Motor Shop of the Urals Automotive Plant in the city of Miass.

Novoselova was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

NURIEV, ZIIA NURIEVICH. Born 1915. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1973. Candidate of economic sciences. Hero of Socialist Labor (1973). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Nuriev graduated from the Birsk Pedagogical Technicum in 1933 and from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the ACP(B) in 1951. Between 1933 and 1942 he worked as a teacher and headed a raion department of education. He took up party work in 1942.

Nuriev served as a secretary and as second secretary of the Bashkir oblast committee of the CPSU between 1952 and 1957 and as first secretary from 1957 to 1969. From 1969 to 1973 he held the post of minister of farm-produce purchases of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

A deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Nuriev was a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1954 to 1969.

PASTUKHOV, BORIS NIKOLAEVICH. Born 1913. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in December 1977 and first secretary of the Central Committee of the Komsomol in the same year. Member of the CPSU since 1959.

Pastukhov graduated from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1958 and began Komsomol work in the same year. He was second secretary of the Moscow city committee of the Komsomol in 1961 and 1962 and first secretary from 1962 to 1964. Pastukhov was a secretary of the Central Committee of the Komsomol from 1964 to 1977. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1981.

Pastukhov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

PATOLICHEV, NIKOLAI SEMENOVICH. Born 1908. Named minister of foreign trade of the USSR in 1958. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1975 and 1978). Member of the CPSU since 1928.

Over a period beginning in 1929, Patolichev engaged in Komsomol and party work. He graduated from the Military Academy for Protection Against Chemical Attack in 1937. Between 1939 and 1946 he served as first secretary of the Yaroslavl and then of the Cheliabinsk oblast party committee. He was a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1946 and 1947 and a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine in 1947. He was first secretary of the Rostov oblast committee of the CPSU from 1947 to 1950 and first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia from 1950 to 1956.

In the period from 1956 to 1958, Patolichev served as deputy minister and then as first deputy minister of foreign affairs of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1939 and a member in 1941. He was a candidate member of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952 and 1953.

Patolichev was a deputy to the first through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

PAVLOVSKII, IVAN GRIGOR’EVICH. Born 1922. Named minister of railroads of the USSR in 1977. Candidate of economic sciences. Hero of Socialist Labor (1971). Candidate of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1949.

Pavlovskii graduated from the Orsha Railroad Transport Technicum in 1941 and from the Academician V. N. Obraztsov Leningrad Institute of Railroad Transport Engineering in 1950. In 1941 he took up the first in a series of managerial positions in railroad operations. Pavlovskii headed the Volga Railroad from 1967 to 1972 and served as deputy minister of railroads of the USSR and head of the Central Traffic Board from 1972 to 1976. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Pavlovskii was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

PEL’SHE, ARVID IANOVICH. (also Arvīds Pelše). Born 1899. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU and chairman of the Committee of Party Control under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Latvian SSR. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1969 and 1979). Member of the CPSU since 1915.

Pel’she became a worker in Riga in 1914 and a worker in Petrograd and Arkhangel’sk in 1916. A deputy to the Petrograd city soviet in 1917, he helped prepare and carry out the October Revolution. He joined the staff of the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (Cheka) in 1918 and took part in the struggle for Soviet power in Latvia. From 1919 to 1929 he engaged in political work in the Soviet Army and Navy.

Pel’she graduated from the Institute of the Red Professors in 1931. He taught for a brief period as a docent, specializing in the history of the party and of the revolutionary movement in Latvia. During the period 1933 to 1937 he headed political sections at sovkhozes in the Kazakh SSR and held a post in the Political Administration of the People’s Commissariat of Sovkhozes of the USSR. In 1937 he began teaching in Moscow.

After the restoration of Soviet power in Latvia in 1940, Pel’she worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia. He was a secretary of the Central Committee from 1941 to 1959 and first secretary from 1959 to 1966. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Pel’she was a deputy to the second through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

PERVYSHIN, ERLEN KIRIKOVICH. Born 1932. Named minister of the communications equipment industry of the USSR in 1974. Candidate of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1959.

During the period following his graduation from the Moscow Electrical Engineering Institute of Communications in 1955, Pervyshin worked as an engineer and held positions in management. Between 1965 and 1970 he served as manager of the All-Union Assembly-Installation Design Trust and then as general director of the All-Union Scientific Production Association. From 1970 to 1974 he was deputy minister of the radio industry of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

A deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Pervyshin has received the State Prize of the USSR.

PETRISHCHEV, ALEKSEI GEORGIEVICH. Born 1924. Named minister for the production of mineral fertilizers of the USSR in November 1980. Hero of Socialist Labor (1971). Member of the CPSU since 1951.

Upon his graduation from the Dnepropetrovsk Institute of Chemical Engineering in 1949, Petrishchev worked as an engineer in the chemical industry. In the period 1962–70 he was director of a number of enterprises, and in 1970 he became head of an all-Union association of the Ministry of the Chemical Industry. From 1977 to 1980, Petrishchev was a deputy chairman of the State Supply Committee of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Petrishchev was a deputy to the seventh and eighth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

PLESHAKOV, PETR STEPANOVICH. Born 1922. Named minister of the radio industry of the USSR in 1974. Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Pleshakov served in the Soviet Army in 1944 and 1945. He graduated from the Moscow Institute of Communications Engineering in 1945 and went to work at a scientific research institute. During the period 1964 to 1974 he successively held the posts of deputy chairman of the State Committee on Radio Electronics of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and first deputy minister of the radio industry of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976 and a member in October 1977.

A deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Pleshakov has received the Lenin Prize and the State Prize of the USSR.

POKRYSHKIN, ALEKSANDR IVANOVICH. Born 1913. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in April 1979. Marshal of aviation (1972). Three times Hero of the Soviet Union (May 1943, August 1943, and August 1944). Candidate of military sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1942.

Pokryshkin joined the Soviet Army in 1932 and served as an aircraft technician and a pilot. He graduated from the M. V. Frunze Military Academy in 1948 and from the Military Academy of the General Staff in 1957. In the Great Patriotic War he commanded a squadron, an aviation regiment, and an aviation division, and in the postwar period he held administrative posts in the air defense forces. From 1968 to 1972 he was deputy commander in chief of the air defense forces. From 1972 to 1981, Pokryshkin was chairman of the Central Committee of the All-Union Voluntary Society for Cooperation With the Army, Air Force, and Navy of the USSR (DOSAAF). He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Pokryshkin was a deputy to the second through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

POLIAKOV, IVAN EVTEEVICH. Born 1914. Named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Byelorussian SSR and a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1977. Hero of Socialist Labor (1973). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

Poliakov graduated from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the ACP(B) in 1949. He undertook Komsomol work in 1939. In 1942 and 1943 he served as secretary of the underground Gomel’ oblast committee of the Byelorussian Komsomol and commissar of a partisan brigade. From 1944 to 1946 he was first secretary of the Minsk oblast committee of the Byelorussian Komsomol.

Over a period beginning in 1949, Poliakov engaged in party and soviet work. He was first secretary of the Gomel’ oblast committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia from 1957 to 1964 and first secretary of the Minsk oblast committee of the CPB from 1964 to 1977. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1966.

Poliakov was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

POLIAKOV, VIKTOR NIKOLAEVICH. Born 1915. Named minister of the automotive industry of the USSR in 1975. Hero of Socialist Labor (1971). Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Poliakov served in the Soviet Army from 1938 to 1946. He graduated from the Moscow Road Transportation Institute in 1938 and held a series of positions in engineering and technical work beginning in 1946. He was director of a compact car plant from 1958 to 1963.

In the period 1963 to 1965, Poliakov served as first deputy chairman and then as chairman of the Moscow council of the national economy. From 1965 to 1975 he was deputy minister of the automotive industry of the USSR and general director of the Volga Association for the Production of Passenger Cars. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976 and a member in 1981.

Poliakov was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

PONOMAREV, BORIS NIKOLAEVICH. Born 1905. Named a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1972 and a secretary of the Central Committee in 1961. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the CPSU since 1919.

Ponomarev undertook Komsomol and party work in 1919. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1926 and from the Institute of the Red Professors in 1932. He became a historian specializing in the history of the CPSU and of the international communist and working-class movements. Between 1932 and 1936 he was first deputy director of the Institute of Party History of the Red Professors and then was director of the Institute of Party History under the Moscow committee of the ACP(B). From 1937 to 1943 he was on the staff of the Executive Committee of the Comintern.

During the period 1943 to 1949, Ponomarev served first as deputy director of the Marx-Engels-Lenin Institute under the Central Committee of the ACP(B), next as a member of the apparatus of the Central Committee of the party, and then as head of the Soviet Information Bureau of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. From 1948 to 1961 he worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Ponomarev was a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1952 to 1956, when he was elected a member.

Ponomarev was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

PROKOF’EV, MIKHAIL ALEKSEEVICH. Born 1910. Named minister of education of the USSR in 1966. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR; member of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR. Chemist. Member of the CPSU since 1941.

Prokof’ ev graduated from Moscow State University in 1935 and joined the navy in 1941. After leaving the navy in 1946, he engaged in scientific research. He later went into government service. Between 1954 and 1966, Prokof’ ev was successively deputy minister of higher education of the USSR and first deputy minister of higher and specialized secondary education of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Prokof’ ev was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

PUDKOV, IVAN IVANOVICH. Born 1916. Named minister of machine building for light industry, the food-processing industry, and household appliances of the USSR in 1977. Member of the CPSU since 1945.

After graduating from the S. Ordzhonikidze Moscow Institute of Aviation in 1940, Pudkov worked as a design engineer. Between 1953 and 1968 he held a series of positions at plants in the aviation industry: head of production, chief production engineer, chief engineer, and plant director. From 1968 to 1977 he was first deputy minister of machine building for light industry, the food-processing industry, and household appliances of the USSR. Pudkov became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Pudkov has received the Lenin Prize.

RASHIDOV, SHARAF RASHIDOVICH. Born 1917. Named a candidate member of the Politburo (Presidium until 1966) of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961, first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan in 1959, and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1970. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1974 and 1977). Uzbek writer. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

During the period following his graduation from a pedagogical technicum in 1935, Rashidov taught at a secondary school and worked as managing editor of an oblast newspaper. He graduated from the Uzbek State University in 1941. In 1941 and 1942 he served in the Soviet Army. He was a secretary of the Samarkand oblast party committee from 1944 to 1947 and executive editor of the republic newspaper Kzil Uzbekistan from 1947 to 1949.

In 1949 and 1950, Rashidov held the post of chairman of the administrative board of the Writers’ Union of Uzbekistan. He served as chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR from 1950 to 1959 and as a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1950 to 1960. He was a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1956 to 1961, when he was elected a member.

Rashidov was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

REKUNKOV, ALEKSANDR MIKHAILOVICH. Born 1920. Named procurator-general of the USSR in February 1981. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

Rekunkov graduated from the All-Union Juridical Correspondence Institute in 1952. From 1941 to 1945 he served in the Soviet Army, and beginning in 1946 he was a procurator in various raions of Rostov Oblast. From 1960 to 1971 he was a procurator in Briansk and Voronezh oblasts. From 1971 to 1976, Rekunkov was first deputy procurator of the RSFSR, and from 1976 to 1981 he was first deputy procurator-general of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Rekunkov was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ROMANOV, GRIGORII VASIL’EVICH. Born 1923. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976, first secretary of the Leningrad oblast committee of the CPSU in 1970, and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1971. Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Romanov served in the Soviet Army from 1941 to 1945. Between 1946 and 1954 he was a designer and sector chief at the Central Design Bureau of the Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry of the USSR. He graduated from the Leningrad Shipbuilding Institute in 1953. In 1955 he became secretary of the party committee and party organizer at a shipyard for the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Between 1957 and 1961, Romanov served as a secretary and then as first secretary of the Kirov raion committee of the CPSU in Leningrad. He was a secretary of the Leningrad city committee of the CPSU in 1961 and 1962. He was a secretary of the Leningrad oblast committee of the CPSU in 1962 and 1963 and second secretary from 1963 to 1970 (in 1963 and 1964 he held the post of second secretary of the Leningrad industrial oblast committee of the CPSU). Romanov was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966. He was a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1973 to 1976.

Romanov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

RUBEN, IURII IANOVICH. (also J. Rubenis). Born 1925. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Latvian SSR in 1970. Member of the CPSU since 1953.

Ruben served in the Soviet Army in 1943. In 1951 he graduated from the Latvian State University and obtained a position as an engineer. Over a period beginning in 1952 he engaged in Komsomol and party work. Between 1960 sand 1966, Ruben served as first secretary of the Liepâja city committee of the Communist Party of Latvia and then of the Riga city committee. From 1966 to 1970 he was a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Ruben was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

RUBEN, VITALII PETROVICH. Born 1914. Named chairman of the Soviet of Nationalities of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1974. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Ruben graduated from an agricultural technicum in 1933 and from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1951. After working as an agronomist from 1934 to 1941, he held party and government posts. He served as a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Latvian SSR in 1961 and 1962 and as chairman from 1962 to 1970. Ruben was chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Latvian SSR from 1970 to 1974 and a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 1970 to 1976. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1976.

Ruben was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

RUSAKOV, KONSTANTIN VIKTOROVICH. Born 1909. Named a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1977. Hero of Socialist Labor (1979). Member of the CPSU since 1943.

After graduating from the M. I. Kalinin Leningrad Polytechnic Institute in 1930, Rusakov held a series of engineering and management posts. In 1939 he joined the staff of the People’s Commissariat (Ministry from 1946) of the Fishing Industry of the USSR; he was minister of the fishing industry of the USSR from 1950 to 1952. From 1962 to 1964 he served as ambassador of the USSR to the Mongolian People’s Republic.

From 1960 to 1962 and again for a period beginning in 1964, Rusakov worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU. He was first deputy head of a department of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1965 to 1968 and head of a department from 1968 to 1972; he was again named head of a department in 1977. From 1972 to 1977 he served as assistant to the general secretary of the Central Committee. Rusakov was a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU from 1966 to 1971, when he was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

Rusakov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SARKISIAN, FADEI TACHATOVICH. Born 1923. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Armenian SSR in 1977. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR; doctor of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1945.

In 1946, Sarkisian obtained a position in the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. From 1963 to 1977 he was director of the Yerevan Scientific Research Institute of Mathematical Machines. He was elected a member of the Central Auditing Commission in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Sarkisian has received the State Prize of the USSR.

SARKISOV, BABKEN ESAEVICH. Born 1913. Named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR in 1975 and a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1977. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

In 1938, Sarkisov graduated from the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute and obtained a position as an engineer. From 1941 to 1943 he was a party organizer for the Central Committee of the ACP(B) at the S. M. Budennyi Baku Oil Refinery. He worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1944 to 1955 and served as a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Armenia from 1955 to 1961.

From 1961 to 1966, Sarkisov held the post of chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology of the Council of Ministers of the Armenian SSR. He was minister of motor vehicle transportation from 1966 to 1970 and chairman of the State Price Committee of the Council of Ministers of the Armenian SSR from 1970 to 1975. Sarkisov became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Sarkisov was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SEIDOV, GASAN NEIMAT OGLY. Born 1932. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR in January 1981. Member of the CPSU since 1956.

Upon his graduation from the Azerbaijan Polytechnic Institute in 1956, Seidov worked as an engineer. In 1965 he became director of the Lieutenant Shmidt Machine Building Plant. From 1971 to 1981 he was a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan. Seidov was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Seidov was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHAKIROV, MIDKHAT ZAKIROVICH. Born 1916. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1970. Hero of Socialist Labor (1981). Member of the CPSU since 1944.

In the period following his graduation from the Bezhitsa Machine-building Institute in 1941, Shakirov engaged in engineering and technical work and economic administration. From 1963 to 1969 he was first secretary of the Ufa city committee of the CPSU. In 1969 he became first secretary of the Bashkir oblast committee of the CPSU. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Shakirov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHAMSHIN, VASILII ALEKSANDROVICH. Born 1926. Named minister of communications of the USSR in October 1980. Candidate of technical sciences. Docent. Member of the CPSU since 1962.

Upon his graduation from the Moscow Electrical Engineering Institute of Communications in 1949, Shamshin engaged in engineering and scientific work. From 1965 to 1968 he was deputy head in charge of research of a scientific institute of the Ministry of Communications of the USSR. From 1968 to 1975 he was a deputy minister and from 1975 to 1980 first deputy minister of communications of the USSR. Shamshin was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Shamshin was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHCHELOKOV, NIKOLAI ANISIMOVICH. Born 1910. Named minister of internal affairs of the USSR in 1966; general of the army (1976). Hero of Socialist Labor (1980). Doctor of economic sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1931.

In the period following his graduation from the Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute in 1933, Shchelokov engaged in engineering and technical work and then held party and government posts. From 1941 to 1946 he served in the Soviet Army. He held the post of first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR from 1951 to 1962 and was reappointed in 1965. He was chairman of the Council of the National Economy of the Moldavian SSR in 1957 and 1958 and from 1962 to 1965.

In 1965 and 1966, Shchelokov served as second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Moldavia. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1968.

Shchelokov was a deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHCHERBINA, BORIS EVDOKIMOVICH. Born 1919. Named minister of construction of petroleum and gas industry enterprises of the USSR in 1973. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Shcherbina graduated from the Kharkov Institute of Railroad Transport Engineers in 1942. Over a period beginning in 1942 he engaged in Komsomol and party work. From 1961 to 1973 he served as first secretary of the Tiumen’ oblast committee of the CPSU. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1976.

Shcherbina was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHCHERBITSKII, VLADIMIR VASIL’EVICH. Born 1918. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971, first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (CP) of the Ukraine in 1972, and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1972. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1974 and 1977). Member of the CPSU since 1941.

Shcherbitskii graduated from the Dnepropetrovsk Institute of Chemical Engineering in 1941. From 1941 to 1945 he served in the Soviet Army. Over a period beginning in 1946 he engaged in engineering, technical, and party work. From 1948 to 1952 he held the post of second secretary of the Dneprodzerzhinsk city committee of the CP of the Ukraine. In 1952 he became party organizer for the Central Committee of the CPSU at a metallurgical plant.

From 1952 to 1954, Shcherbitskii served as first secretary of the Dneprodzerzhinsk city committee of the CP of the Ukraine. He was second secretary of the Dnepropetrovsk oblast committee of the CP of the Ukraine in 1954 and 1955 and first secretary from 1955 to 1957 and from 1963 to 1965. From 1957 to 1961 he was a secretary of the Central Committee of the CP of the Ukraine.

Shcherbitskii served as chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR from 1961 to 1963 and from 1965 to 1972. He was a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU from 1956 to 1961. Elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 he was a candidate member of the Politburo (Presidium until 1966) of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1961 to 1963 and from 1965 to 1971.

Shcherbitskii was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHEVARDNADZE, EDUARD AMVROSIEVICH. Born 1928. Named a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in November 1978 and first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (CP) of Georgia in 1972. Hero of Socialist Labor (1981). Member of the CPSU since 1948.

Shevardnadze graduated from the Kutaisi Pedagogical Institute in 1960. Over a period beginning in 1946 he engaged in Komsomol and party work. From 1957 to 1961 he served as first secretary of the Central Committee of the Georgian Komsomol. He was first secretary of the Mtskheta raion committee of the CP of Georgia from 1961 to 1963 and first secretary of the Pervomaiskii raion committee in Tbilisi in 1963 and 1964.

Shevardnadze served as first deputy minister of internal affairs of the Georgian SSR in 1964 and 1965 and as minister from 1965 to 1972. He became first secretary of the Tbilisi city committee of the CP of Georgia in 1972. From 1958 to 1962 he was a member of the Central Committee of the All-Union Komsomol. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Shevardnadze was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHITIKOV, ALEKSEI PAVLOVICH. Born 1912. Named chairman of the Soviet of the Union of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1970; chairman of the Parliamentary Group of the USSR. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

In 1936, Shitikov graduated from the Gorky Agricultural Institute and obtained a position as zootechnician. He subsequently took up Komsomol work. From 1941 to 1945 he served in the Soviet Army. Over a period beginning in 1945 he engaged in party work. From 1952 to 1955, Shitikov served as first secretary of the oblast committee of the CPSU of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast. From 1957 to 1970 he was first secretary of the Khabarovsk Krai Committee of the CPSU. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Shitikov was a deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHKABARDNIA, MIKHAIL SERGEEVICH. Born 1930. Named minister of instrument-making, automation equipment, and control systems of the USSR in September 1980. Candidate of technical sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1960.

Upon his graduation from the Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute in 1954, Shkabardnia engaged in engineering work. From 1968 to 1974 he was a deputy head and then head of a central board of the Soiuzelektropribor All-Union Industrial Association. From 1974 to 1980 he was head of a scientific and technical board and then a deputy minister of instrument-making, automation equipment, and control systems of the USSR. Shkabardnia was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Shkabardnia has received the State Prize of the USSR.

SHKOL’NIKOV, ALEKSEI MIKHAILOVICH. Born 1914. Named chairman of the Committee of People’s Control of the USSR in 1974. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

Shkol’nikov graduated from the Podol’sk Industrial Technicum in 1933 and from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952. Over a period beginning in 1933 he engaged in engineering, technical, and party work. Between 1952 and 1965 he served as first secretary of the Tambov, Voronezh, and Volgograd oblast committees of the CPSU. From 1965 to 1974 he held the post of first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952 and a member in 1956.

Shkol’nikov was a deputy to the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SHOKIN, ALEKSANDR IVANOVICH. Born 1909. Named minister of the electronics industry of the USSR in 1965. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1975 and 1979). Member of the CPSU since 1936.

Shokin graduated from the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1934. Over a period beginning in 1932 he engaged in engineering, technical, and administrative work. From 1955 to 1961 he held the post of first deputy minister of the radio engineering industry of the USSR. From 1961 to 1965 he was a minister of the USSR, serving as chairman of the State Committee for Electronic Technology. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1966.

A deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Shokin has received two State Prizes of the USSR.

SILAEV, IVAN STEPANOVICH. Born 1930. Named minister of the aviation industry of the USSR in February 1981. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the CPSU since 1959.

After his graduation from the Kazan Aviation Institute in 1954, Silaev held a number of positions in a plant in Gorky, including foreman, head of a shop, deputy chief engineer, chief engineer, and director. From 1974 to 1977 he was a deputy minister and from 1977 to 1980 first deputy minister of the aviation industry of the USSR. From 1980 to 1981, Silaev was minister of the machine tool and instrument industry of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Silaev has received the Lenin Prize.

SIZOV, GENNADII FEDOROVICH. Born 1903. Named chairman of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1966. Member of the CPSU since 1926.

In the period following his graduation from the K. A. Timiriazev Moscow Agricultural Academy in 1930, Sizov held administrative posts in an educational institution. Between 1933 and 1941 he served as the director of a sovkhoz and a sovkhoz trust and headed the Novosibirsk oblast land department. From 1941 to 1947 he served in the Soviet Army. Between 1947 and 1955 he held the posts of director of a sovkhoz trust, second secretary of an oblast party committee, and chairman of the Kurgan oblast executive committee.

From 1955 to 1966, Sizov was first secretary of the Kurgan oblast committee of the CPSU. He was a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1956 to 1964 and a member from 1964 to 1966, when he became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU.

Sizov was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SKACHKOV, SEMEN ANDREEVICH. Born 1907. Named chairman of the State Committee on Foreign Economic Relations of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1958 (the State Committee on Foreign Economic Relations of the USSR since 1978). Hero of Socialist Labor (1977). Member of the CPSU since 1936.

After graduating from the Kharkov Machine-building Institute in 1930, Skachkov took up engineering and technical work. From 1941 to 1945 he was a party organizer for the Central Committee of the CPSU at a plant. From 1945 to 1954, Skachkov served as director of a series of plants. From 1954 to 1957 he held the post of first deputy minister of transportation machine building of the USSR. In 1957 and 1958 he was chairman of the Kharkov council of the national economy. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1971.

Skachkov was a deputy to the third through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SLAVSKII, EFIM PAVOLOVICH. Born 1898. Named minister of medium machine building of the USSR in 1957 (chairman of the State Committee on Medium Machine Building, 1963–65). Three times Hero of Socialist Labor (1949, 1954, and 1962). Member of the CPSU since 1918.

From 1918 to 1928, Slavskii served in the Soviet Army. In the period following his graduation from the Moscow Institute of Nonferrous Metals and Gold in 1933, he engaged in engineering and technical work and served as director of a series of plants. In 1945 he was appointed to his first government post. Between 1953 and 1957, Slavskii served as deputy minister and first deputy minister of medium machine building of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

A deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Slavskii has received the Lenin Prize and two State Prizes of the USSR.

SMIRNOV, GENNADII NIKOLAEVICH. Born 1940. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1974. Hero of Socialist Labor (1973); Honored Miner. Member of the CPSU since 1971.

In 1959, Smirnov obtained a position as a tunneler. Between 1962 and 1968 he worked as the S. Ordzhonikidze Mine in Kemerovo Oblast as a miner and combine operator. In 1968 he became the head of a brigade of miners at a face in the Iubileinoe Mine Administration of the Iuzhkuzbassugol’ Combine in Novokuznetsk.

Smirnov was a deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SMIRNOV, LEONID VASIL’EVICH. Born 1916. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1963. Hero of Socialist Labor (1961). Member of the CPSU since 1943.

After graduating from the Novocherkassk Industrial Institute in 1939, Smirnov engaged in engineering and technical work. Between 1949 and 1961 he held the posts of director of a scientific research institute, director of a plant, and head of the Central Board of the State Committee for Defense Technology. From 1961 to 1963 he served as deputy chairman and chairman (minister of the USSR) of the State Committee for Defense Technology of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

A deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Smirnov has received the Lenin Prize.

SMIRNOV, LEV NIKOLAEVICH. Born 1911. Named chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR in September 1972. Hero of Socialist Labor (1981). Member of the CPSU since 1945.

Smirnov graduated from the Leningrad Law Institute in 1936. Beginning in 1934 he served in various bodies of the Procurator’s Office, and in 1941 to 1942 he served in the Soviet Army. From 1957 to 1962 he was a deputy chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR, and from 1962 to 1972 he was chairman of the Supreme Court of the RSFSR. Smirnov was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Smirnov was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SMIRTIUKOV, MIKHAIL SERGEEVICH. Born 1909. Named administrative head of operations of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1964. Hero of Socialist Labor (1979). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

After graduating from the department of Soviet law at Moscow State University in 1930, Smirtiukov held a series of positions on the staff of the Council of People’s Commissars (Council of Ministers from 1946) of the USSR, serving as consultant, sector chief, assistant secretary of the Economics Council, deputy head of the secretariat, and deputy administrative head of operations. From 1971 to 1976, Smirtiukov was a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976 and a member in 1981.

Smirtiukov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SOLOMENTSEV, MIKHAIL SERGEEVICH. Born 1913. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR and a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971. Hero of the Socialist Labor (1973). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

In the period following his graduation from the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute in 1940, Solomentsev worked as foreman, shop superintendent, party organizer for the Central Committee of the ACP(B), chief engineer, and plant director. Between 1954 and 1957 he was a secretary and second secretary of the Cheliabinsk oblast committee of the CPSU.

From 1957 to 1959, Solomentsev was chairman of the Cheliabinsk council of the national economy. He was first secretary of the Karaganda oblast committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan from 1959 to 1962 and second secretary of the Central Committee of the CP of Kazakhstan from 1962 to 1964. From 1964 to 1966 he was first secretary of the Rostov oblast committee of the CPSU. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and served as a secretary of the Central Committee from 1966 to 1971.

Solomentsev was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SONGAILA, RINGAUDAS-BRONISLOVAS IGNOVICH. Born 1929. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR in January 1981. Member of the CPSU since 1953.

Songaila graduated from the Lithuanian Veterinary Academy in 1955, and beginning in 1956 he held party and government posts. Over a period beginning in 1960 he served as a deputy minister of agriculture, first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR, and minister of production and farm-produce purchases of the Lithuanian SSR. From 1962 to 1981, Songaila was a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Lithuania. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

Songaila was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

SOSNOV, IVAN DMITRIEVICH. Born 1908. Named minister of transportation construction of the USSR in 1975. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

After graduating from the Leningrad Institute of Railroad Transport Engineering in 1933, Sosnov took up engineering and administrative work in railroad construction. From 1948 to 1958 he headed the Central Board of Railroad Construction. Sosnov was deputy minister of transportation construction of the USSR from 1958 to 1963 and first deputy chairman of the State Committee on Transportation Construction of the USSR from 1963 to 1965. From 1965 to 1975 he served as first deputy minister of transportation construction of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

A deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Sosnov has received the State Prize of the USSR.

STRAUTMANIS, PETR IAKUBOVICH. (also Pēteris Strautmanis). Born 1919. Named a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Latvian SSR in 1974. Member of the CPSU since 1944.

Strautmanis was appointed to a Komsomol post in 1940. He served in the Soviet Army from 1941 to 1943 and commanded a partisan detachment in 1943 and 1944. He took up party work in 1944. In 1954, Strautmanis graduated from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU. From 1960 to 1965 he served as a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia. From 1965 to 1974 he held the post of first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Latvian SSR. He became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1976.

Strautmanis was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

STRUEV, ALEKSANDR IVANOVICH. Born 1906. Named minister of trade of the USSR in 1965. Hero of Socialist Labor (1976). Member of the CPSU since 1927.

Over a period beginning in 1925, Struev engaged in Komsomol and soviet work. Between 1947 and 1958 he served as first secretary of the Donetsk oblast committee of the Communist Party of the Ukraine and as first secretary of the Perm’ oblast committee of the CPSU. From 1958 to 1962, Struev was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR. From 1962 to 1965 he was a minister of the USSR, serving as chairman of the State Trade Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR.

Struev was a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU from 1952 to 1956. A member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1956 to 1961, he was again elected a member in 1966. He was a candidate member of the Central Committee from 1961 to 1966.

Struev was a deputy to the second through fifth and the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

STUKALIN, BORIS IVANOVICH. Born 1923. Named chairman of the Committee on the Press under the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1970 and chairman of the State Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (from 1978, State Committee of the USSR) on Publishing, Printing, and the Book Trade in 1972. Member of the CPSU since 1943.

From 1941 to 1945, Stukalin served in the Soviet Army. He graduated from the Voronezh Pedagogical Institute in 1950. Over a period beginning in 1948 he engaged in party and journalistic work. From 1963 to 1965, Stukalin was chairman of the State Committee on the Press of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR. Between 1965 and 1970 he served as a deputy editor in chief and then first deputy editor in chief of the newspaper Pravda. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Stukalin was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

TALYZIN, NIKOLAI VLADIMIROVICH. Born 1929. Named a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in October 1980. Representative of the USSR to COMECON. Doctor of technical sciences; professor. Member of the CPSU since 1960.

After graduating from the Moscow Electrical Engineering Institute in 1955, Talyzin held a series of posts at the Scientific Research Institute for Radio of the Ministry of Communications of the USSR; he was an engineer, chief engineer, and deputy head of the scientific section. Between 1965 and 1975 he served as deputy minister and then first deputy minister of communications of the USSR. He was minister of communications of the USSR from 1975 to 1980. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976 and a member in 1981.

A deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Talyzin has received two State Prizes of the USSR.

TARASOV, NIKOLAI NIKIFOROVICH. Born 1911. Named minister of light industry of the USSR in 1965. Hero of Socialist Labor (1981). Member of the CPSU since 1942.

After graduating from the Moscow Textile Institute in 1935, Tarasov engaged in engineering and technical work; he was appointed to his first government post in 1948. From 1942 to 1945 he served in the Soviet Army. Tarasov was deputy chairman of the Supreme Council on the National Economy from 1960 to 1962. From 1962 to 1965 he served as chairman of the State Committee on Light Industry under the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR and held the rank of Minister of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966 and a member in 1976.

Tarasov was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

TEREBILOV, VLADIMIR IVANOVICH. Born 1916. Named minister of justice of the USSR in 1970. Candidate of the science of law. Member of the CPSU since 1940.

After graduating from the Leningrad Institute of Law in 1939, Terebilov worked in various agencies of the Procurator’s office and conducted research. In 1957 he was appointed to a position in the Procurator’s Office of the USSR. He served as a deputy chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR from 1962 to 1970.

In 1971, Terebilov was named a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976.

Terebilov was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

TIKHONOV, NIKOLAI ALEKSANDROVICH. Born 1905. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in November 1979 and chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in October 1980. Doctor of technical sciences. Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

After graduating from the Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute in 1930, Tikhonov held various engineering, technical, and managerial posts. Between 1955 and 1960 he served as deputy minister of ferrous metallurgy of the USSR and then chairman of the Dnepropetrovsk council of the national economy.

From 1960 to 1965, Tikhonov was a minister of the USSR, serving first as deputy chairman of the State Scientific Economics Council of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and then as deputy chairman of the State Planning Committee (Gosplan) of the USSR. He was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1965 to 1976. He was first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1976 to 1980. Tikhonov was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1966. He became a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1978.

A deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Tikhonov has received two State Prizes of the USSR.

TOKAREV, ALEKSANDR MAKSIMOVICH. Born 1921. Named minister of industrial construction of the USSR in 1967. Member of the CPSU since 1942.

Tokarev served in the Soviet Army from 1940 to 1945. After graduating from the Kuibyshev Construction Engineering Institute in 1949, he engaged in Komsomol, party, and soviet work. He was chairman of the Kuibyshev oblast executive committee from 1959 to 1963 and first secretary of the Kuibyshev oblast committee of the CPSU from 1963 to 1967. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966.

Tokarev was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

USMANKHODZHAEV, INAMZHON BUZRUKOVICH. Born 1930. Named chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR in December 1978 and a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in April 1979. Member of the CPSU since 1958.

After graduating from the Middle Asian Polytechnic Institute in 1955, Usmankhodzhaev engaged in engineering, managerial, and party work. Between 1972 and 1978, Usmankhodzhaev served as chairman of the Namangan oblast executive committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan and first secretary of the Andizhan oblast committee. He became a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Usmankhodzhaev was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

USTIIAN, IVAN GRIGOR’EVICH. Born 1939. Named chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR in January 1981. Candidate of economic sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1961.

Ustiian graduated from the Kishinev Agricultural Institute in 1965 and the Academy of Social Sciences Attached to the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1973. Over a period beginning in 1958, he engaged in Komsomol and party work. From 1977 to 1981 he was a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR and chairman of the State Planning Commission of the Moldavian SSR. Ustiian became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1981.

Ustiian was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

USTINOV, DMITRII FEDOROVICH. Born 1908. Named a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU and minister of defense of the USSR in March 1976. Marshal of the Soviet Union (1976). Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1942 and 1961); Hero of the Soviet Union (1978). Member of the CPSU since 1927.

After graduating from the Leningrad Military Engineering Institute in 1934, Ustinov worked as a design engineer at a scientific research institute and then headed the bureau of operations and experimental work at a plant. He subsequently was an assistant chief designer and then director of a plant.

Ustinov was people’s commissar of armaments of the USSR from 1941 to 1946 and minister of armaments of the USSR from 1946 to 1953. He served as minister of the defense industry of the USSR from 1953 to 1957 and as a deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1957 to 1963. In the years 1963 to 1965 he held the posts of first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and chairman of the Supreme Council on the National Economy of the USSR.

Ustinov was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1952. From 1965 to 1976 he served as a secretary of the Central Committee. He was a candidate member of the Politburo (Presidium until 1966) of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1965 to 1976.

A deputy to the second and the fourth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Ustinov has received the State Prize of the USSR.

USUBALIEV, TURDAKUN USUBALIEVICH. Born 1919. Named first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (CP) of Kirghizia in 1961. Member of the CPSU since 1941.

Usubaliev graduated from the V. I. Lenin Moscow Pedagogical Institute in 1965. He was a teacher at a secondary school from 1937 to 1939 and went into party work in 1942. He worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1945 to 1955.

Usubaliev was the editor of the newspaper Sovettik Kyrgyzstan in 1955 and 1956. He worked in the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CP of Kirghizia from 1956 to 1958, and from 1958 to 1961 he served as first secretary of the Frunze city committee of the CP of Kirghizia. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961.

Usubaliev was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

VAINO, KARL GENRIKHOVICH. Born 1923. Named first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (CP) of Estonia in 1978. Member of the CPSU since 1947.

Vaino graduated from the Tomsk Electromechanical Institute for Railroad Transport Engineering in 1947 and from the correspondence division of the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1957. Over a period beginning in 1947 he engaged in engineering, technical, and party work. He headed a department of the Central Committee of the CP of Estonia from 1953 to 1957 and served as a deputy chairman of the Council of the National Economy of the Estonian SSR from 1957 to 1960. Vaino was a secretary of the Central Committee of the CP of Estonia from 1960 to 1978. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1981.

Vaino was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

VASIL’EV, NIKOLAI FEDOROVICH. Born 1916. Named minister of land reclamation and water use management of the USSR in April 1979. Member of the CPSU since 1942.

Vasil’ev graduated from the Tadzhik Agricultural Institute in 1940 and from 1940 to 1946 served in the Soviet Army. Over a period beginning in 1946 he engaged in administrative, soviet, and party work. In 1961 he became chairman of the Dnepropetrovsk oblast executive committee and from 1964 to 1971 was first secretary of the Belgorod oblast committee of the CPSU. From 1971 to 1979 he was first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR. Vasil’ev was elected to the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966.

Vasil’ev was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

VATCHENKO, ALEKSEI FEDOSEEVICH. Born 1914. Named a deputy chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR in 1976. Hero of Socialist Labor (1973). Member of the CPSU since 1940.

Vatchenko graduated from Dnepropetrovsk State University in 1938 and served in the Soviet Army from 1941 to 1944. In 1948 he went into party work. During the period from 1959 to 1976 he served as first secretary of the Khmel’nitskii, Cherkassy, and Dnepropetrovsk oblast committees of the Communist Party of the Ukraine. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1966.

Vatchenko was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

VLADYCHENKO, IVAN MAKSIMOVICH. Born 1924. Named chairman of the State Committee for Supervision of Safety in Industry and Supervision of Mining of the USSR in July 1981. Member of the CPSU since 1943.

Vladychenko graduated from the Donetsk Industrial Institute in 1951. He served in the Soviet Army from 1941 to 1945, and over a period beginning in 1951 he engaged in engineering and party work. From 1959 to 1964 he was chairman of the central committee of the trade union of workers in the coal industry, and from 1964 to 1981 he was secretary of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions. Vladychenko was a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU from 1961 to 1966. He became a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1966.

VOLODARSKII, LEV MORDKOVICH. Born 1911. Named head of the Central Statistical Board under the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1975 (the Central Statistical Board of the USSR since 1978). Doctor of economic sciences; professor. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

After graduating from the Leningrad Institute of Engineering Economics in 1934, Volodarskii held a series of positions at economic planning agencies. From 1948 to 1953 he was deputy head of the Central Statistical Board of the USSR. In the period from 1953 to 1956 he held the posts of editor in chief at the State Statistical Publishing House (Gosstatizdat) of the Central Statistical Board and head of a department of the Central Statistical Board. Between 1956 and 1975, Volodarskii served as deputy head and then first deputy head of the Central Statistical Board of the USSR. Volodarskii was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976 and a member in 1981.

Volodarskii was a deputy to the tenth convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

VOROB’EV, GEORGII IVANOVICH. Born 1914. Named chairman of the State Forestry Committee of the Council of Ministers of the USSR in 1970 (the State Forestry Committee of the USSR since 1978). Doctor of economic sciences; professor. Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Vorob’ev graduated from the K. A. Timiriazev Moscow Agricultural Academy in 1946. Beginning in 1934, he worked for a period as an agronomist. He subsequently engaged in party and soviet work. Vorob’ev served as chairman of the Leningrad oblast executive committee from 1954 to 1957 and as first secretary of the Krasnodar Krai Committee of the CPSU from 1960 to 1966. From 1966 to 1970 he was deputy minister of agriculture of the USSR.

Vorob’ev became a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU in 1956. He served as a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1961 to 1966 and was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee in 1976. From 1959 to 1961 he was a member of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU for the RSFSR.

Vorob’ev was a deputy to the fourth through sixth and the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

VOSS, AVGUST EDUARDOVICH. Born 1916. Named first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia in 1966. Candidate of economic sciences. Member of the CPSU since 1942.

Voss graduated from the Tiumen’ Teachers’ Institute in 1939 and from the Academy of Social Sciences Attached to the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1953. From 1940 to 1943 he served in the Soviet Army. He turned to party work in 1948 and was a secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia from 1960 to 1966. He was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971.

Voss was a deputy to the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ZHIGALIN, VLADIMIR FEDOROVICH. Born 1907. Named minister of heavy and transportation machine building of the USSR in 1965. Hero of Socialist Labor (1977). Member of the CPSU since 1931.

After graduating from the Leningrad Institute of Mechanical Engineering in 1931, Zhigalin engaged in engineering and technical work. He subsequently was appointed to a government position. Between 1945 and 1957 he held the posts of deputy people’s commissar of heavy machine building of the USSR, deputy minister of heavy machine building, and first deputy minister of heavy machine building. He served as a deputy chairman, first deputy chairman, and chairman of the Moscow city council of the national economy between 1957 and 1963. From 1963 to 1965, Zhigalin was first deputy chairman of the Council on the National Economy of the USSR and held the rank of minister of the USSR. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1961 and a member in 1964.

Zhigalin was a deputy to the sixth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ZIMIANIN, MIKHAIL VASIL’EVICH. Born 1914. Named a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1976. Hero of Socialist Labor (1974). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Zimianin graduated from the Mogilev Pedagogical Institute in 1939. He was a secretary of an oblast committee of the Byelorussian Komsomol in 1939 and 1940 and first secretary of the Central Committee of the Byelorussian Komsomol from 1940 to 1946. He served as second secretary of the Gomel’ oblast committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia in 1946 and as minister of education of the Byelorussian SSR in 1946 and 1947. Between 1947 and 1953 he was a secretary and then second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Byelorussia.

Zimianin joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR in 1953. He was ambassador of the USSR to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1956 and 1957 and to the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic from 1960 to 1965; in 1965 he was named deputy minister of foreign affairs. Zimianin was editor in chief of Pravda from 1965 to 1976. A member of the Central Committee of the CPSU from 1952 to 1956, he was again elected a member in 1966. He was a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the CPSU from 1956 to 1966.

Zimianin was a deputy to the second and third and the seventh through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

ZLOBIN, NIKOLAI ANATOL’EVICH. Born 1931. Named a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1974. Hero of Socialist Labor (1971). Member of the CPSU since 1971.

Zlobin joined a kolkhoz in 1947. He became a bricklayer in 1956 and worked on construction projects in Tomsk and Volgograd. In 1958 he was named the leader of a complex brigade in construction administration, No. Ill of the Zelenogradstroi Administration in Moscow. He helped initiate the use of complex brigades in the construction industry.

A deputy to the ninth and tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Zlobin has received the State Prize of the USSR.

ZOLOTUKHIN, GRIGORII SERGEEVICH. Born 1911. Named minister of farm-produce purchases of the USSR in 1973. Hero of Socialist Labor (1973). Member of the CPSU since 1939.

Zolotukhin worked as an agronomist beginning in 1931; he turned to Komsomol and party work in 1939. He graduated from the Higher Party School Under the Central Committee of the ACP(B) in 1949. Zolotukhin served as first secretary of the Tambov oblast committee of the CPSU from 1955 to 1966 and as first secretary of the Krasnodar Kari Committee of the CPSU from 1966 to 1973. He was elected a candidate member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1956 and a member in 1966.

Zolotukhin was a deputy to the fifth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

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