Menachem Begin


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Begin, Menachem

(mĕnä`khĕm bā`gĭn), 1913–92, Zionist leader and Israeli prime minister (1977–83), b. Russia. He became (1938) leader of a Zionist youth movement in Poland, where he also earned a law degree. Begin went to Palestine in 1942; there, he headed the Irgun, a militant organization that fought against the British Mandate authorities. After 1949 he sat in the Knesset, where he led the opposition to the Labor party. In May, 1977, Begin's right-wing Likud party defeated Labor for the first time, and Begin became prime minister. He shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize with Egyptian President Anwar al-SadatSadat, Anwar al-
, 1918–81, Egyptian political leader and president (1970–81). He entered (1936) Abbasia Military Academy, where he became friendly with Gamal Abdal Nasser and other fellow cadets committed to Egyptian nationalism.
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 as a result of the Camp David accordsCamp David accords,
popular name for the peace treaty forged in 1978 between Israel and Egypt at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Md. The official agreement was signed on Mar. 26, 1979, in Washington, D.C.
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. In 1982, Begin authorized a massive invasion of LebanonLebanon
, officially Lebanese Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 3,826,000), 4,015 sq mi (10,400 sq km), SW Asia. The country is bordered on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north and east by Syria and on the south by Israel. The capital is Beirut.
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 in order to destroy military bases of the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (see Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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). The war caused intense domestic and international pressure and failed to achieve Israel's principal aims. Begin resigned from office in 1983.

Bibliography

See A. Perlmutter, The Life and Times of Menachem Begin (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
The second largest, the Irgun Zvai Leumi (IZL), was the underground group led by Menachem Begin that had spearheaded the Jewish revolt against the British during 1944-1947.
The accords, agreed by former Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, demilitarized central Sinai and allowed Egypt to deploy only a small number of lightly armed border guards there and on the 266-km (165-mile) frontier.
Among those profiled are Marie Curie, Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat, Ernest Hemingway, Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, James Watson and Francis Crick, Doris Lessing, and Paul Krugman, A book that can be dipped into or read straight through, this volume will have wide appeal.
Peace in the Making: The Menachem Begin - Anwar El-Sadat Personal Correspondence" collects the primary sources as these two history makers communicated with each other until an assassin ended Sadat's life in 1981.
Although, to put it diplomatically, opinions of the stature of David Ben-Gurion, Menachem Begin and Yitzhak Rabin might vary, it remains eminently clear that Netanyahu is playing in a far more amateur league; moreover, a political pipsqueak such as Lieberman would never have initiated the loyalty measure if those men were leading Israel.
The Egyptian President Anwar Al Sadat and the Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin agreed peace terms in the presence of Jimmy Carter after nearly two weeks of intensive negotiations.
CDATA[ Arutz Sheva TV caught up with the partcipants of the Israel Government Fellows Program (IGF) at the Menachem Begin Heritage Center]]>
On March 26, 1979 the late Egyptian president Anwar Al Sadat and the late Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed in Washington the historic first peace treaty between Israel and an Arab country.
Likewise, many Israeli PMs, such as Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon, were involved in acts of terror before and after Israel's foundation.
The Camp David Accords were signed by late Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat and late Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on September 17, 1987, following twelve days of secret negotiations at the U.
This image of the Zionist right was conceived by Menachem Begin and his followers, as well as by the Zionist center and left.
Tel Aviv: October, 1948--A meeting with Menachem Begin is still a journalistic event, even though since the proclamation of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948, he has begun to appear at public meetings.