Menander

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Menander

(mĭnăn`dər), 342?–291? B.C., Greek poet, the most famous writer of New Comedy. He wrote ingenious plays using the love plot as his theme; his style is elegant and elaborate and his characters are highly developed. Although original texts of his plays only came to light beginning in 1906, many fragments of his plays survive; The Curmudgeon, discovered in Cairo in 1957, is Menander's only complete play now extant (tr. by Gilbert Highet, 1959). Seven of his plays were adapted by PlautusPlautus
(Titus Maccius Plautus) , c.254–184 B.C., Roman writer of comedies, b. Umbria. His plays, adapted from those of Greek New Comedy, are popular and vigorous representations of middle-class and lower-class life.
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 and TerenceTerence
(Publius Terentius Afer) , b. c.185 or c.195 B.C., d. c.159 B.C., Roman writer of comedies, b. Carthage. As a boy he was a slave of Terentius Lucanus, a Roman senator, who brought him to Rome, educated him, and gave him his freedom.
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.

Bibliography

See studies by T. B. L. Webster (1960, 1974, 1975), A. W. Gomme and F. H. Sandbach (1973).

Menander

 

Born circa 343 B.C.; died circa 291 B.C. Ancient Greek dramatist; a founder of the Greek New Comedy.

Menander belonged to the well-to-do elite of Athenian society. In his plays he focused on everyday life, especially family conflicts. His humanism is revealed in his defense of women and of children’s rights, his exposure of the seamy side of everyday life, and his sympathy for slaves. The names of Menander’s heroes have become epithets. Classical critics praised him highly as a stylist. The New Greek Comedy influenced Roman drama and, consequently, European drama primarily through Menander’s plays.

WORKS

Menandri quae supersunt, parts 1-2. Edited by A. Koerte and A. Thier-felder. Leipzig, 1957-59.
In Russian translation:
Nenavistnik. Translation and introduction by A. A. Takho-Godi. In the collection Pisatel’ i zhizn’ [Moscow] 1963.
Komedii. Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Tronskii, I. M. Istoriia antichnoi literatury, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1957.
Istoriia grecheskoi literatury, vol. 3. Edited by S. I. Sobolevskii et al. Moscow, 1960.
Webster, T. B. L. Studies in Menander. Manchester, 1960.
Durham, D. B. The Vocabulary of Menander. Amsterdam, 1969.
V. G. BORUKHOVICH

Menander

1. ?160 bc--?120 bc, Greek king of the Punjab. A Buddhist convert, he reigned over much of NW India
2. ?342--?292 bc, Greek comic dramatist. The Dyskolos is his only complete extant comedy but others survive in adaptations by Terence and Plautus
References in periodicals archive ?
La primera conclusion es obtenida a partir del trabajo de Knox, quien asegura que entre Aristofanes y Menandro no hay continuidad, pues es Euripides el verdadero y unico padre de la comedia nueva (Knox 4).
2) En la literatura griega nos encontramos con la burla de Aristofanes contra Socrates en las Nubes, que aparece representado, precisamente, como maestro de una escuela de jovenes a los que corrompe con sus ensenanzas e insensateces basadas en el argumento "injusto"; o tambien con las comedias de Menandro tituladas El escudo y El doble burlador, donde aparecen en tono comico las figuras de dos pedagogos, Daos y Lidos.
Exemplos de como os mosaicos cumprem o papel de exprimir o ethos da elite antioquena provem da Casa de Menandro, uma villa da segunda metade do seculo III situada em Dafne, suburbio a 8 km de Antioquia, no sentido sul, muito procurado como estancia de veraneio e repouso, devido ao clima excelente e a abundancia de fontes naturais (3).
Aunque para Menandro el Retor su empleo podia tener lugar tanto en prosa como en poesia, sin embargo,
Curiosamente, este esquema reaparecio mas de un siglo despues y del modo mas inesperado: con el poeta Menandro, quien fue casi contemporaneo a Epicuro y, como autor de comedias, tuvo gran suceso, no solo durante su vida, sino tambien posteriormente en Roma (sus comedias inclusive fueron traducidas y adaptadas por Plauto y Terencio y dieron lugar a las comedias llamadas palliatae; esto es, comedias "a la griega").
Em outros momentos do processo de psicoterapia e possivel destacar essa relacao conflituosa que existe entre os dois, mostrando que o pai e uma figura marcante na vida da menina no aspecto relacionado ao medo e a inseguranca afetiva (Schneebeli & Menandro, 2014), "nao fala para ele que eu te contei isso, porque se nao ele vai me bater muito", esta fala da menina na terceira sessao mostra o medo de Ana e a inseguranca que essa relacao causa para ela.
The articles in this supplement update us to issues that have been regularly discussed, and bring new and vital issues to the forefront: Brazilian scientific policies (Bastos, Tomanari, Trindade, & Andery, 2015; Guzzo, Linhares, Teodoro, & Koller, 2015), ethical standards for psychological research (Leitao, Falcao, & Maluf, 2015), internationalization (Hutz, Yamamoto, & Lo Bianco, 2015; Menandro, Linhares, Bastos, & Dell'Aglio, 2015), Latin American international publication (Fradkin, 2015; Gamba, Packer, & Meneghini, 2015; Lopez-Lopez, Anegon, AcevedoTriana, & Garcia, 2015; VandenBos & Winkler, 2015), and transference ofjournal management to international publishers (Gracia, 2015).
Refira-se, ainda, que os dois autores melhor representados nas antologias sao Euripides e Menandro.
Ahora bien, en la retorica griega se plantearon numerosas retoricas especiales, tal y como ejemplifican las obras de Dioniso Halicarnaso y Menandro el Retor.
Por su lado, Karamanou (2005) ha visto el posible influjo de esa obra euripidea en la Perikeiromene de Menandro.
Valdelucio was rushed back to the intensive care ward at Menandro de Farias General Hospital in Salvador, north east Brazil, where he had wrongly been declared dead.